2014, Vol. 27 No.6
Publication date: 25 November 2014
Village cadres are at the first line of village construction. They are the performers of various policies, plans and routines of the Chinese Communist Party and Chinese government. To construct a new socialist countryside, it is crucial to improve the ability of the village cadres on which the execution of the policies and profit of Chinese people in the rural areas are based. According to new task of rural reform and development, the article puts forward new requirements for the rural cadres in terms of promoting scientific development, maintaining rural stability; converting leading method and improving democracy. With the existing problems found in Xi District, the article suggests more attention be paid on the selection and appointment of the cadres, their education and training with more complete democratic management, evaluation and stimulation so as to create a scientific and complete system in accordance with the modern Human Resource management law and real ability of village cadres.
Recent studies propose that "circles phenomenon" inside an organization is a particular style in Chinese context. This study draws on literatures on differential mode of association to explore the influence of perceived circle insider status on task performance from the perspective of subordinate. The result shows that the perceived circle insider status has a significantly positive impact on both task performance and job engagement, with the latter partially mediating the association between the perceived circle insider status and job performance.
Based on the national long-term talent development plan in demand for professional social workers, the paper uses quantitative analysis method from the perspective of vocational identity and puts forward a four-dimension structure of professional social workers'vocational identity: vocational values, vocational emotions, vocational skills and vocational expectations. The paper also discusses symbols and opportunities of the vocational identity through in-depth interviews, with some proposals for the long-term career development of this group: increasing publicity to enhance value, regularly communicating to enhance emotion, strengthening training to improve skills and clearing vision to meet expectations.
Civil aircraft accident investigation report is of great importance in indentifying accident related facts. It is necessary to explore its evidence property. As an empirical study, the article first analyzes the characteristics of investigation report, and then compares it with documentary evidence and other types of legal evidence. Lastly, the article proposes and demonstrates that the investigation report approved by the administrative body is proof of facts without evidence, and its effectiveness needs to be dialectically analyzed and applied.
Transference of aircraft ownership takes effective after delivery in legislative mode in general. The effect of registration is to act against a third party. But there are different understandings of registration antagonism according to the Civil Aviation Law in China, which can be clarified in the system of law, though the exact meaning of "against" and "third party" is still subject to further discussion. The theory of relative invalidity in Japan accords to the meaning of registration confrontation in the legal system of China. To define the scope of the third party, the Civil Aviation Law of China can learn from the French Civil Code and the Property Law in China to impose more obligations on the legitimacy of the aircraft ownership.
China is in the transitional period with many social problems such as corruption. According to the experience of western countries in the process of modernization, the corruption in the transitional period is unavoidable, and it takes pains to eliminate the corruption. To solve this problem, Chinese government has taken some measures, but the effect is not very significant. So it is necessary to study the corruption in China comprehensively and learn from the western countries, particularly those in northern Europe and the United State. It is also important to inherit and develop historical experience, especially the supervisory experience in Han and Tang Dynasty, to learn from the Confucian cultural circle of East Asia in Singapore, South Korea and other countries. China should enforce the rule of law, carry on with the in-depth reform, advocate moral anti-corrosion, strengthen and perfect the relevant special corruption legislation, improve the relevance, effectiveness and maneuverability of the corruption prevention and control.
Genetic testing technology not only brings mankind health and wellbeing but challenges as well. A series of legal issues has derived among which the balance between use of technology and protection of mankind dignity is the key in the dispute. The legality of designing a baby by the Pre-implantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD) is questioned seriously. Personality should be protected, and the genetic testing can be conducted only with the prior informed consent as prerequisite. Gene donors should be entitled to the profits brought by the use of gene data. The thriving business of directed-to-consumer (DTC) genetic testing should be regulated strictly to protect consumers. Claims for damage caused by genetic testing happen in great number. A set of clear rule is to be explored to judge the torts and decide the scope of compensation for victims in lawsuits.
With the deepening of reform and opening-up, China's market economy began to transform from extensive economy to intensive economy. However, ecological environment has been destroyed in this period, and people's demand for good public environment grows with each passing day. In this context, the environmental public interest litigation system is formally established by the newly-revised "Civil Procedure Law" as a legal system, which marks a big step forward towards the legal protection of the ecological environment in China. However, the legislative process of environmental protection can't catch up with the ideal demand on the environmental protection, and the plaintiff of environmental public interest litigation in the legislation is confined to relevant organs and organizations, not relating to the natural person. But the natural person is entitled to public interest litigation in both continental law system countries and Anglo American law system countries. Therefore, to perfect the system of the natural person bringing forward the environmental public interest litigation has become one of the important issues of the theory of environmental protection.
Based on Romer model, the paper develops an endogenous growth model with the restrains of pollution and nonrenewable resources by introducing environmental quality into utility function, pollution into production function. Then it uses dynamic optimization methods to calculate the results and gets the optimal balanced growth path and also the condition of sustainable development. The results show that high efficiency of R&D, adequate human capital, strict environmental standards and high technical cleanliness can help overcome problems of resources and environment, thus the sustainable development can be achieved.
Using China's province-level panel data from 1998 to 2010, this paper explores the empirical relationship between firm size and innovation based on dynamic panel data model. The results indicate that the firm size makes positive and significant contribution to the innovation in electronic and telecommunication equipment manufacturing industry, which increases non-linearly with the firm size. It is also found that corporate profits and foreign direct investment level have no stable and significant effects on the innovation, but economic development levels and openness rate have significantly positive effects on it.
Decomposition methodology is used to do an empirical analysis for export growth of Chinese vegetable based on HS-6 export data of Chinese vegetable products during the period 2004-2011.The result shows that although the growth of China's export mainly depends on extensive margin, intensive margin plays an important role in the export to major trade partners. By decomposing the intensive margin deeply, it is found that Chinese vegetable export growth mainly comes from quantity expansion, contribution of price margin is relatively tiny. To change the export growth mode of Chinese vegetable, enterprises should try their best to keep the variety of vegetable products and develop new products with high technological content and value.
Entrepreneurial opportunity identification is one of the key problems of entrepreneurship. By using co-word analysis, the paper selects 73 CSSCI related articles as samples and teases out important research topics in China based on the results of cluster analysis and multidimensional scaling analysis. It also uses Ucinet, Citespace software to output 5 hot spots: constructivism and grounded theory's application in the study,development and testing the entrepreneurial opportunity identification scale,the influence of entrepreneurial opportunity identification on entrepreneurial performance, the farmers'entrepreneurial opportunity identification, international entrepreneurial opportunity identification. Based on the result, the paper proposes 3 important directions for the future research: identification of opportunity's heterogeneity, development of the opportunity identification scale, influence of entrepreneurial learning on the opportunity identification of specific groups.
Code-switching has long been the focus of bilingual cognitive processing. Researchers have adopted various types of research paradigm to examine the cognitive and neural mechanism of code-switching processing during language production and language comprehension, and they constructed relevant theories and theoretical models. Based on a detailed review of theories and theoretical models concerning bilingual code-switching processing, such as Inhibitory Control Model, interactive alignment model, language-specific selection hypothesis, language-specific selection threshold hypothesis and Bilingual Interactive Activation Model, we analyze the controversies on the sources of switch costs, asymmetry of switch costs and mechanism of lexical selection among these theories and theoretical models. Moreover, issues that should be considered in future studies are discussed and some suggestions are made in terms of research perspectives and methods. It is hoped that the review can broaden the research topic concerning code-switching processing both at home and abroad.
Tourism website translation is playing an important role as an indispensible publicizing channel in the development of tourism industry.However, the quality of the tourism website translation in Fujian Province is far from satisfactory. Based on Eco-translatology, this paper tries to analyze the mistranslation in the Fujian tourism websites and explore the problems that lead to the unsatisfactory quality of the tourism website translation.It is concluded that the development of the tourism industry is affected by the quality of the tourism website translation, which depends on the harmonious balance of the translational ecosystem and translational eco-subsystems.
The Bluest Eye, Toni Morrison creatively uses paired protagonists and paralleled narrative structure so as to break the bonds of traditional Bildungsroman in terms of form, content and significance. She vividly presents the difficult growing experience of black women, at the same time she makes the genre of Bildungsroman more complex with a new social significance.
Internship program is an important part of legal practice education. Traditional models have problems in one or some of the following aspects: professionalism, self-determination, course control, synergy effects, result consolidation, resulting in a trend of formalization in this program. Beihang Model has its characteristics. By a progressive course design, Beihang Model emphasizes the orientation of combining Watching and Practicing. Relying on the legal practice education base co-established with organs and entities practicing law, the subject relationship of Beihang Model is supported by a pyramid framework. Moreover, the whole course of internship is supervised by professional mentors as well as academic professors, which establishes a system facilitating the communication between theory and practice. This Beihang Model proves a success in enhancing the effects of internship program.
Given the problems of dance teaching in universities, the paper suggests the teachers should melt teaching philosophy of arts and science in their teaching practice. Inspired by principles in physics, logical reasoning and practical teaching experience, the author proposes the following teaching methods: context method, guiding method and interactive method, which could better promote dance theory courses, cultivate students'aesthetic taste and their ability to create beauty.
MTI education developed rapidly in China in recent years. In the curriculum designed by the China National Committee for MTI Education, Computer Aided Translation (CAT) is suggested as an elective course. Based on the observation and teaching experience of the author, the paper proposes some new ideas for the teaching of CAT: students of MA who learn translation also need CAT, basic CAT concepts should be emphasized, and project management skills should be included in the course of translation techniques.
With the transformation of university scientific research management mechanism from the administrative model to a service-oriented model, how to correctly grasp the relationship between management and service becomes a new problem for the scientific research management personnel. This paper makes an analysis of the relationship between scientific management and service based on the risk management theory to figure out the balance point between them. It offers a new principle for scientific research managers in their daily work to provide high quality service for the researchers and professors as well as the research project management, which can help improve the university scientific research management and service indeed.
As an important part in the higher education structure of China, newly-established colleges and universities are set up with a particular historical background and social conditions, which means that they should not simply copy the developmental path of key universities. These colleges and universities have to recognize their own characteristics, taking local services as their major function. The principle "one center and three-part interaction" should be put forward to promote the more effective local services.