2015, Vol. 28 No.4
Publication date: 25 July 2015
To develop corruption and anti-corruption (CAC) research into a special discipline in China will be greatly beneficial to the theoretical study,education and training of professionals in this area, and also the deepening of anti-corruption practice. By analyzing discipline development elements and conditions, the author finds that it is possible to promote CAC research into an independent discipline. Due to the high complexity of both corruption and anti-corruption, the basic characterization of this discipline is interdisciplinary.Based on the current National Subject System of China, CAC involves an interplay of seven different subject areas. Therefore, the long-term objective for the development of CAC discipline is to establish an independent discipline; the intermediate goal is to become an independent first-level-discipline affiliated to the management discipline; and the short-term aim is to set up CAC directions under some related existing disciplines.
This article focuses on institutional innovations of corruption governance by local governments in China. According to two dimensions: the degree of local creativity, and the impact on central strategies of anti-corruption, institutions created by the local governments can be categorized into three types: the institutions innovated by local government without any central demanding but accepted and diffused by central government; the institutions innovated by local government according to the demand of central government, and then promoted by the central government to national area; the institutions created by local government without being accepted by the central government, but automatically diffused among local governments.The main reasons for the influence of integrity innovation in different places is degree of central government encouraging local integrity innovation and reform,willingness of the key local leaders to integrity innovation,opposition from the local interests groups and public attitude feedback in the process of building integrity,which suggests that local power should come back to corruption governance policies.
Partial amnesty in Hong Kong in 1977 is by no means an unprincipled concession. Concession to the pressure could be a misleading signal and can only undermine public confidence in the fight against corruption. It is the determination of the authority, clear signal of eradicating corruption and public confidence that counts in the Equilibrium shift from widespread corruption to clean government.
Big data is a topic which attracts great attention from both theoretical circle and practice sector. With the rapid progress of anti-corruption and the development requirement of anti-corruption informationalization in China, big data application in the field of anti-corruption is becoming urgent. Making good use of the potential of information data will make a significant contribution to the anti-corruption cause in China. However, the current big data application environment is not perfect and risks exist in the application. So it is necessary to take some measures to promote anti-corruption through big data.
Anti-corruption in system is a fundamental way of preventing corruption from its source and the key to build corruption punishment and prevention system. Anti-corruption in system is effective with a logical motivation of overcoming the defects of human nature and an aim of avoiding the abuse of power. Its unique advantage is stability, normativity and strong operability. In order to launch the anti-corruption in university system, we must work for the institutional construction. However, there are still such obvious problems as lacking of coordination between different systems of clean government, vacancy of risk prevention and control in key fields, unsmooth running of anti-corruption warning mechanism and weak implementation of the clean system. To enhance the effectiveness of anti-corruption in university system, we should establish interests conflict management system, power operation supervision system, anti corruption early warning system and anti-corruption implementing system.
In recent years, nongovernmentalnetwork anti-corruption demonstrates immense power in disclosing,tracing and investigating corruption,but the negative sides such as"canard of internet""internet fraud" and "cyber-violence" reveal its "double-edged sword"character Nongovernmental network anti-corruption encounters five dilemmas in cognition,system, legality,institutionazation and ethicality. To guide and normalize thisnetwork anti-corruption, top-level design is needed such as cultivating network political accomplishment,innovating network ant-corruption leadership structure,building sound network ant-corruption working mechanism, promoting official network ant-corruption efficiency and perfecting network ant-corruption security system.
With the rapid development of aerospace science and technology, the research and exploration to the outer space is getting deeper and broader in various countries.Space flight experiment has developed from a pure scientific research in early years to applications in both civil and commercial areas.International cooperation has become a new trend of the experiment.Strengthening the intellectual property protection of spaceflight objects is becoming more and more important.However, the intellectual property of spaceflight objects is facing a dilemma in granting conditions and entities of application.The existing rule of law of the intellectual property protection needsa new explanationwhen applied to spaceflight objects. To encourage all kinds of entities to be engaged in outer space research and development, international community should formulate bilateral or multilateral agreements on the basis of Outer Space Treaty. Countries should use the legislative experience of the United States and Canada to further develop their domestic legislation. They should also strengthen international cooperation in formulatinginternational conventions to protect intellectual property of space activities.
Despite of different cultural backgrounds, safety is the priority of every airline pilot. There are various causes for the accidents of airplanes among which man-made ones by the airline staff account for a large proportion. The staff violating rules and regulations, if lead to a major accident, should bear criminal blame for their actions. To investigate the criminal liability of the staff requires analyses on the causesof the accident in a criminal sense. However, it is difficult to decide the causal relationship due to the complexity of objective connections.So a careful study on various causes of the accident is needed to identify the criminal liability of the airline staff reasonably.
Ecological compensation is an important way to balance the environmental rights and interests of the parties involved. Correct understanding of it helps the establishment of a better ecological compensation mechanism. Ecological compensation mainly refers to the economic benefits for ecological victims and maintainers from ecological beneficiaries or the ones who do ecological damage. The compensation includes two aspects: compensation and subjectivity. The former covers the administrative compensation and civil compensation,transfer of property and creditor's rights set and etc. The latter refers to the compensation, state-to-state compensation, the compensation, inequality between the main compensation and equality between compensation. At the same time, the ecological compensation legal attributes of external cost internalization and public welfare, regulation of the law itself. There are many levels of compensation such as mandatory, standardized, regional, legal effect, etc. This determines that the legal properties of ecological compensation are very broad and open.
Chinese Maritime Code(CMC),as a significant applicable law for multi-modal transport,is silent on the delay of delivery. However the alternative applicable law, Chinese Contract Law, is far from satisfactory in this regard and the advancement of multi-modal transport industry is crying for its settlement of the issue. The limitation of liability amongst other issues in the delay of delivery is centered on in the analysis. With a detailed comparative analysis on the multi-modal conventions as well as CMC,suggestions has been presented on the full-fledged concept of delay of delivery, a clear cut coverage of claims arising from and a corresponding limits of liability.
The relationship between the Young Marx and Marxism is the core issue of the early Western Marxism. In order to defend for Marx, Althusser answered systematically in theory to this question. He divided Marx's thought into two fundamentally opposite stages in terms of "epistemological break" and "problematic", which is the young Marx as ideology and the mature Marx as science. Humanism, as the problematic of the young Marx, was totally abandoned and then replaced with new problematic by Marx, who therefore produced a scientific theory. Based on the idea that science and ideology were in absolute opposition, he opposed the view that the young Marx belongs to Marxism, and insisted that the essence of Marxism was theoretical anti-humanism. From the angle of defending for Marx, he just extremely defended for the scientific nature of Marxism, although wined in form, ultimately failed in substance.
With the expansion of stock index futures market volume and strengthening of liquidity in China, changes in the spread between contracts is getting complex and varied.In order to improve the effectiveness of traditional intertemporal arbitrage strategy, the authors use the variable structure cointegration model for modeling spreads, designing a complete program trading strategy, and select ing IF1311, IF1312, IF1401 and IF1402 real high frequency trading price data for the research. The results show that with the presence of the prices mutation of the stock index futures market prices and the new model, the strategy can capture more trading opportunities and improve the yield compared to conventional models.
Using the Euler investment model, this paper explores the dynamical effects of social capital investment on financial constraints of small and medium-sized enterprises. Based on the performance of small and medium-sized boardlisting companies of Shenzhen Stock Exchange between 2008 and 2012 in China, the paper tests empirically the relieving impact of social capital investment on the financing restraints of those companies. Theresult shows that the investment of SMEs in China is significantly positive to cash flow, and there exists obvious financial constraints. It is also found that entertainment expenditure and obtaining direct political connections are effective strategies to build relational social capital by SMEs, which can to a great extant reduce such kind of constraints.
In service failure situations, service enterprises should consider how to improve the competitiveness and attract customers to repeat purchase. This paper explores the factors affecting consumer behavior related to not conversion service provider.First, based on the previous literature, depth interviews and pre-investigations, the paper put forward 22 factors that may affect customers' behavior of repeat purchasing in service failure. Through exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, these 22 factors are grouped into six categories. Then the authors calculate and weigh these six categories based on the principal component analysis, that is the "cost factor""profit factor""trust factor""relationship factors""channel factors"and"alternative factors". Second, independent samples T test shows that gender and relationship types have certain influence on the consumers'behavior of non-switching when encountering service failure, but the influence of loss types is not significant.
With the aim to further explore the magic power of literary romanticism, this paper, by using the approaches in comparative literature, offers some analyses of the similarity and difference between British Romantic literature and American Romantic literature. The paper finds that the former appears earlier than the latter, with the former taking the form of poetry while the later the form of fiction. But they are similar in terms of root and theme and they are the same in essence. Romantic literature is a product of social development, and the influence of British romanticism on American romanticism is limited.
Regarding the number of kinds of mappings hypallage involves the similarities or differences between English and Chinese hypallagein terms of categories and cognitive mechanism, the possibility of hypallage explanation in the light of CIT, this paper makes a comparative analysis of adjective hypallage in classical Chinese and English love poems ranging from the 19th to the 20th century and finds that in hypallages three classes of mappings all can be found and four types of network exist in both English and Chinese hypallages; hypallage can evoke two mental spaces and the occurrence of hypallageremains the same in English and Chinese. This study will facilitate the understanding and appreciating of hypallage for literature lovers and teachers of literature and language.
There is some reason in instructional design technical rationality, but there are also misunderstandings: some people misunderstand mediatechnology which features multimedia technology and network technologyand routinization and controllability of teaching modelas the representatives of the technical rationality of instructional design. This reflectsnarrow understanding of technique and technical rationality on the part of the critics. Settinginstrumental rationality and value rationality of the instructional design technique in complete opposition will result in a lack of dialectical unification. Instructional design technique requires rational criticism and deep reflection. It is important to redefine the concept of instructional design technique through the binding of characteristics and functions of technical rationality. The significance of the reconstruction lies in two aspects: theoretical guidance and practical valuefor the professional development of teachers.
Cultural poetics is not only a principle of literary theory, but also a teaching approach of literary theory. Cultural poetics advocates a three dimensionextension of "theory-text-experience"in teaching principle. With "triple empiricism of literary, cultural, and life"as the basic standpoint in teaching practice, it emphasizes a teaching goal of"double ability structure", namely text analysis and theoretical speculation. To achieve the goal, a learning approach of "life-reading-writing" must be adopted.