2016, Vol. 29 No.4
Publication date: 25 July 2016
Since opening as a commercial port, especially after the World War Ⅱ, Hong Kong has been developing rapidly in social security system. By integrating the changes of Hong Kong's social security system, the paper divides the changes into three parts:embryonic period (before 1970), new development period (1971-1990) and perfecting period (1990-present). Policy and legislation in each period with different economic, social and cultural backgrounds are introduced, which have a positive impact on the maintenance of social harmony and stability.
The housing supply system in Hong Kong is a double-track system, which includes private market and public sector. The paper focuses on the latter one. Dating from the middle of last century, the housing security system of Hong Kong is characterized by an all-inclusive network and train services after sixty years of development. The present system is in sound operation, though there are some problems in the fields of arrangement and circulation, which may cause growing pressure to the system in the future. Though this system has little reference value to Mainland China from the perspective of operation pattern, the managerial experience of Hong Kong is worthy of our reference.
The social security system of the disabled people in Taiwan is a product of a long-term improvement and revolution, which presents different characteristics in different periods. After a large number of adjustments and innovations, a unique Taiwan security system of the disabled people has already taken shape, including relatively complete system for supporting service and care assistance, equal contradiction and cooperation between Taipei and other cities. With time goes by, Taiwan security system of the disabled people has already made some achievements. However, there are also some problems this system has to face, like supplementary welfare and contradiction between localization and westernization. For the Mainland, government can draw lessons from the welfare system of the disabled people in Taiwan, and thus to build a better welfare system of the disable people that adapting Chinese economy level and Chinese characteristics well.
The volunteer service of Taiwan is booming while that of Mainland China has been lagged behind relatively. With literature analysis method and on-the-spot observing method, this essay concludes the following features in the present volunteer service of Taiwan:sound administrative institution and application process, diversified and smoothly cooperated volunteer services and strong support power. In light of the findings above, this essay puts forward three suggestions:amplifying the administrative institution and perfect the application process of volunteer service; enhancing the working ability of volunteer organization and enlarging its social influence. The government agencies and non-government agencies should strengthen legal support and material support towards volunteer service.
With the rise of the idea of "European citizenship", the EU begins to strengthen the protection of citizens' basic economic rights under its jurisdiction. Specifically in the area of air transportation, the EU relies on publishing regulations to further safeguard consumers' rights in judicial practices. Those regulations contain aviation insurance, compensation for personal injury in aviation accidents and compensation for flights cancellation and delay. These regulations indeed reflect the latest developments on research and practice. Due to the particularity of the EU system, the above regulations actually trigger coordination and competition with international conventions in the field of aviation. This dissertation analyzes this issue from the perspective of EU legislation and EU court's judgments. It discovers that the EU fulfills some obligations in the convention on one hand, while substantially breaches other regulations on the other hand. Such inheritance and breakthrough of the international prevailing rules indeed improve the consumers' protection level but also greatly add burden to the air carrier. Therefore, the EU courts have to provide more legitimacy basis for these regulations during judicial practice.
Civil aviation meteorology has a direct impact on flight safety and operational efficiency of the civil aviation industry. With the rapid development of the civil aviation meteorology worldwide, the determination of building a civil aviation power, and the comprehensive promotion of law-based governance in China, China's civil aviation meteorology faces many challenges such as an increasingly multi-interest demand and commercialization and thus more active mode of the meteorological service. The healthy development of civil aviation meteorological services is closely related with the standard, constraint and guarantee of aviation law. The civil aviation meteorological legal system in China has taken shape, aviation meteorological work has entered the orbit of ruled by law. But as a new crossed legal department, the civil aviation meteorological legal system in China has such problems as low legislative level, limited value target, narrow scope of adjustment and imbalanced structure and system. The paper suggests that Meteorology Law and Civil Aviation Law be modified, and Aviation Meteorology Law or Aviation Meteorological Services Regulations be legislated to improve the access permission mechanism and the quality of service management system and to introduce a fair market competition mechanism. It is also suggested that the management and financial system of aviation meteorology be reformed and the system of aviation meteorology product and service be established.
Behind the development of the genetic testing industry in full swing, few people pay attention to the rights of the subjects. The right of gene self-determination is the core right of the subjects, and it is the key to the legal regulation of genetic testing. The core of the right is informed and consent. It refers that the rights of the subjects in genetic testing to decide whether to take the test or not, and whether to agree to take the measures during the test and the final decision on how to deal with genetic information on their own free will. The right of gene self-determination belongs to the general personality right. The subject is testee and the object is the human genome. The exercise of the right is mainly reflected in the fully informed consent of the testing process and results. This right is not an absolute right, and therefore it should be restricted under certain circumstances.
Disease threats are as old as mankind. In history, man has used germs to attack others. In precaution against extremely deadly disease, the self-preservation power of state in the face of threats of extreme lethality is particularly noteworthy. The theory of the self-preservation power of state has developed from right theory of state violating international law responsibilities to just cause theory and then to just as exemption excuses theory. But its ambiguity still exists. It is difficult for state to balance the relations between state power and human rights under the threat of danger. Article 25 and 26 of Draft Articles on State Responsibility for Internationally Wrongful Acts purpose to resolve these problematic issues. These articles have some strict applying conditions. It is helpful to correctly understand and grasp the self-preservation power of state by exemplifying how these conditions are applied.
This paper tests the strengthening factors of market timing effect in Chinese stock market by properly selecting sample intervals and introducing strengthening factors. The results show that the changes of regulation and policy have significant impacts on corporate financing structure especially after the share reform is completed. By testing a large number of variables such as investor demand, profitability, solvency and capital structure, the paper finds that market timing effect of listed companies is significantly strengthened when they have enough cash. The result is robust after taking into account the relevant laws and regulations.
Based on VAR model, this paper makes an empirical analysis on price linkage to agricultural products in Beijing and its main hog supply provinces by using every ten days' hog price. The results of Johansen cointegration, Granger causality test, error correction model, impulse response and variance decomposition show that Beijing and its main hog supply provinces have a high integration of hog market. Beijing hog price is dominated by the main hog supply provinces and its period of response to the impulse is long. The influences on Beijing hog price from main hog supply provinces are quite different. According to the research, it is necessary to stabilize hog price and improve market efficiency by strengthening the efficiency of information flow and maintaining balance of supply and demand.
The growth rate of an economy in the open economy depends on not only its growth rate of technology but also the growth rate of other economies. So it's necessary to study the investment on research and its effect on technological advances and economic growth. This inter product expanding endogenous model can help explore the effect of basic research, applied research and technological spillover on the economic growth. Through analyzing the model in balanced market, the paper concludes that more research investment, more applied research investment and more degree of openness can promote the growth rate of economy. An empirical study, using the data of China from 1990 to 2012, affirms the effect of the research investment, the percentage of applied research investment and the degree of openness on the economic growth. Proposals in terms of economic policy are provided based on the theoretical model and the result of the study.
Intertextual association and linguistic memes' inheritance are closely related to each other, under whose influence, new expressions and terms get accepted and reproduced into new texts. As a result, some linguistic memes are shaped and evolved. Oriented from the same register category, Chinese tea classics share a special feature of strong intertextuality. The core memes in them help to demonstrate the connotation of tea culture. Such a view is illustrated in this paper with the translation process of Ode to Tea written in the Jin Dynasty. It explores how the intertextual clues in The Classic of Tea written in the Tang Dynasty contribute to the version's consistency and coherence with the valid memes in tea culture. It suggests that proper regulations should be made to enlarge the core's periphery, updating the memes in the new body of the version to better spread the traditional tea culture across the world.
Ergative is a key notion in linguistics whose usage varies among scholars and schools. This paper discusses the connotations of ergative, ergative language, ergativity, ergative verb, unaccusative verb, etc. And then further compares their different understandings and major concerns in linguistic typology and formal linguistics. It shows that the terms used in the two schools are not much corelated. The only point in common is that they both use the rule of S=P≠A to define ergativity, but are different in scope. Chinese linguists do not agree on the use of terms either. Discussions are often not carried out in the same theoretical framework.
Research on the concept of core value under the new normal economic development in China is of great significance because the core value is the fundamental principle and centre of the socialist core value system, which reflects the relationship between the socialist core value system and the socialist ideology. It is the high concise and summary of the content of socialist ideology, embodying the essence and soul of ideology. With the new normal, various social contradictions appear, which is the social basis for practicing the core values. At the national level, "prosperity, democracy, civilization, harmony" is the value goal and the basis for the realization of personal value. At social level, "freedom, equality, justice, rule of law" is the value goal and free and all-round development is the highest value goal of socialism. The "patriotism, dedication, integrity, kindness" is the value goal at citizen level, which is the embodiment of national value goal. To realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, every citizen should turn the value goals into concrete action.
The creativity of liberal arts graduate students at universities of science and engineering not only has general characteristics, but also has its uniqueness. Taking Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics as an example, the study adopts the method of principal component analysis to empirically analyze the determinants on creativity of liberal arts graduate students at universities of science and engineering. It is found that research participation, internationalization are the determinants to influence the cultivation of creativity in liberal arts graduate students. For the cultivation of creativity of liberal arts graduate students in science and engineering universities, great importance should be attached to the implementation of incentive policies, more attractive trans-disciplinary courses, more involvement in international cooperation and better academic and learning environment.
Education supervision, legislation and investment are regarded as three pillars of modern education, among which scientific education supervision plays an important role in improving education quality,education management and student development. With an emphasis on the construction of law and independence of institution, the education supervision system in Britain ensures an organic combination of government supervision and school inspectors. The UK has formed a comparatively perfect system on the supervision system and law. It is of great value to compare and analyze the higher education supervision system in China and UK. Thus, it is very important to promote the reform of education supervision system from the perspective of system optimization, and to construct a supervision system that reflects the situation of China.
International joint education program can promote teaching reform and discipline construction, meet the demand of diversified education and enrich the personnel training model. Without an effective internal quality assurance system (IQAS), it is difficult to accurately evaluate the project progress and process quality. Through combing the construction concept of quality assurance system, the article puts forward an evaluation model of quality assurance system, which includes quality objectives, quality process, quality assessment and quality feedback of international joint education program. The case study demonstrates the effectiveness of the system model which provides a technical means for the teaching quality improvement of international joint education program.