2016, Vol. 29 No.6
Publication date: 25 November 2016
The efficacy of scientific and technological (S&T) policy depends on the completeness of policy system and effectiveness of each policy. To inspect the whole effectiveness of S&T policy of China, the first question is to make sure whether S&T policy is complete. With an analytical framework of scientific and technological innovation chains,the paper hackles and analyzes 339 S&T policies since 2006 from three aspects:policy numbers, policy grade and policy target. The study finds that there is a full-order system of S&T policy in China currently, which nearly covers each link of scientific and technological innovation chain. However, there is still room for further improvement. For instant, the number of policies in application research is not sufficient, and there is no specific policy support for industry-university-research cooperation.
With the introduction to the development background, definition and characteristics of big data, the paper summarizes and analyzes the development stages and problems of Chinese E-government. The paper also points out the impact of big data on the development of E-government, such as technology, business, service, management, network safety with a special focus on top design, organization and mechanism, data processing, government collaboration, management decision, public service pattern and information safety.
Currently, the management and prevention of public crisis are an important topic worldwide. The prevention and control of animal epidemic which has a close relationship with the public becomes an important work for government departments. However, the governance of public crisis can't be realized depending on only a department or a group. It requires the whole society to work together to achieve the goal of prevention. From the perspective of complex adaptive system (CAS), the paper analyzes multiple subjects in the prevention and control, explaining the complex characteristics of animal epidemic prevention and control system. Based on the full analysis of stimulate behavior for each subject in the system, the paper further explores the relationship between multi-agents with an intention to create a strong force between the bodies and ultimately build an efficient, coordinated animal disease prevention and control system.
The legal system of remising mining right and the value assessment of mining right cannot ensure that the state can get the due income of mineral resource assets in the distribution of state-owned mineral resource assets. Criminal legislations regulating mineral crime are ineffective in deterring mineral crimes of illegal mining and destruction of mineral resources. The state-owned mineral resource assets have been robbed by interest community of resource corruption while legal system of assets supervision on state-owned mineral resources failed to have the effect of application. To prevent the loss of state-owned mineral resource assets, the paper suggests the legal system of remising the ownership of mineral and value assessment of the ownership of mineral be constructed, mathematical model of transfer fees of mineral ownership be set up, reasonable amount of money of mineral ownership be determined, criminal legislation in protecting the loss of state-owned mineral resource assets and legal system for regulating state-owned mineral resource assets be improved.
The in vitro embryos produced by in vitro fertilization and embryo transfer technology are objects which have the potential to develop into humans, but are unable to obtain the same subject position of right as human. After all, in vitro embryos differ from general objects, and they should be specially protected by the law. The existing laws in China prohibit the sale of embryos. Appropriate restrictions should also be given to the disposal of embryos. From the perspective of respecting the rights of the embryo and human rights, in vitro embryos should be allowed to be inherited. When a divorced couple have different opinions on the disposition of the in vitro embryos, priority should be given to the interest of the side who is not willing to bear children and don't breed the embryos at last. When one side of the couple dies, the other side may dispose of the in vitro embryos within the scope of the legal permission. When the in vitro embryos are not inherited, they should be disposed by the medical institution who's in charge of the custody.
The cash value accumulated in life insurance policy determines the property attributes of such policy, which forms the ultimate cause of removing insurance contracts by applicants. The interests of insurance contracts maintenance for the holders of insurance benefits rooted in the insurance premium paid by applicants, and eventually turn up in the form of insurance money, through the continuous accumulation and transformation. When the person who conducts the insurance contract and the person who has the right to share contract interests is separated, the confliction between the termination right of insurance contract and the right to maintain the effectiveness will emerge. At this point, the response to this conflict is to set up necessary restrictions for the legal rescission right of applicant, which ranges from distinguishing the type of life insurance contract and the time scope of right exercising, ascertaining the ways of exercising, to making sure the subject in some circumstances. Trough these restrictive measures, the reasonable balance between the autonomy of applicants and the legitimate interests of holders of insurance benefits will be found. And on this basis the mutual assistance social purpose in life insurance will be realized ultimately.
With the rapid development of Chinese Internet industry, the concentration in this industry is also growing. At the same time, acts of unfair competition among enterprises are gradually increasing, which has aroused widespread concern about the anti-monopoly of the Internet industry. However, the economic model for Internet industry is quite different from that for traditional industries which leads to a problem that the existing Chinese antitrust law cannot meet the needs of the anti-monopoly of Internet industry. This paper summarizes the features of the network economic model, and proposes the challenges with antitrust law used for the Internet industry. Based on the particularity of the development of Chinese Internet industry, the paper puts forward three suggestions for anti-monopoly:enhancing the management for abuse of market dominance behavior, improving the measures relating to the protection of property rights, and supporting the entrepreneurial Chinese Internet companies.
For product, online word-of-mouse activity is a very typical index, which reveals life cycle evolution model of product. Understanding the product life cycle helps decision makers to make marketing strategy. It is more difficult to do clustering analysis because the product online comments are high-dimensional and complex. Thus, combining K-means algorithm with independent comment analysis and clustering products by this algorithm can improve the accuracy and reduce complexity in no small measure. Furthermore, in-depth analysis on the product life curve can effectively improve the effect of online word-of-mouth information in e-commerce marketing management and decision support, deepening the research on online reputation activity.
The paper applies market microstructure approach to study the problem of corporate governance on the case of separation of ownership and control power. Focus on the real operating environment where investors are engaged in monitoring activities with direct productive value, and meanwhile trading equity of the supervised company in the stock market, the paper adopts the Jain and Mirman's correlated signal model to examine the effect of open market transactions of investors with major stakes on their internal monitoring and control behavior. The paper concludes that the monitoring level of the investors and the corporate governance performance are affected by stock market microstructure factors such as stock market liquidity. The paper further reveals how to build an external equity market environment where investors can monitor and control more effectively.
Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei is an important economic area in China, but the development of the three places is different, which would lead to "polarization". This paper constructs an efficiency evaluation system to analyze the innovation performance in the recent three years. The output of DEA model suggests that the innovation efficiency of Hebei province was significantly lower than that of the two cities. The reasons for the differences of innovation efficiency are discussed.
Small and medium-sized enterprises take an important part in China's economy, a driving force for national economic growth. But their contribution does not match its share of financing resources, which takes less than 1/4. With the severe financing problem of SMEs, relationship lending eventually came into being. Information production is the key factor influencing the relationship lending. This paper uses the signaling game model to explore relationship lending strategy in view of the long-term importance and information production of relationship lending. The paper puts forward some suggestions on how the enterprises cooperate with the bank's information production and how the banks make the right strategies according to the signal transmission. The paper also provides new strategies for the development of relationship lending in China.
Through literature research, focus group interview and questionnaire survey, 22 factors influencing consumers to use Fourth-Generation(4G) communication services are extracted. Then these factors are classified into 7 classes through exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Correlation and regression analysis are used to find that the 7 categories affecting consumers to use 4G communication services are as follows:internet experience, communication quality, switching costs, service efficiency, service safety, service scenario and service recovery. By independent samples T test, the paper finds that consumer's gender, age and education level have a significant influence on consumers to use 4G communication services.
This study compares the languages features and translation strategies in five versions of The Analects through the discussion of the characteristic words and sentence features based on the parallel corpus studies of The Analects. Both the quantitative and qualitative methods are used. Through multilevel analysis, the research results are as the following:the explicitation features are obvious in five versions, and the reasons mainly lie on the translation purpose and social context;the translation styles are diverse, for instance, Slingerland often uses various long sentences and paragraphs, Ku Hungming idiomatic narration techniques; Legge, Lau, and Ames and Rosemont cherishe more on original text which usually increases the reading difficulty of the target versions.
Target text is penetrated with a translator's rhetorical cognition. The translator, the reader of the original as well as the addresser in target language, shows consciously his own comprehension of the original text in the target language and reshapes, meanwhile, the target text appealing to target readers. With the comparative analysis of three translated passages of sexual description from Hong Lou Meng by David Hawks and Yang Xianyi respectively, the paper finds that translator's rhetorical cognition plays a significant role in reshaping the stylistic effect of both the original text and the target text.
Ideological and political education is the "first class" and main battlefield of the "four comprehensive" strategic layout at universities. As the main channel of college students' ideological and political education, ideological and political course should be given full play. The paper discusses how to actively promote "four comprehensive" strategic layout of "into teaching materials, into classrooms, into minds of college students", which is an important task to strengthen the construction of ideology at universities. In implementing "four comprehensive" strategic layout, the ideological and political course should be problem-oriented, showing students the spiritual essence of "four comprehensive" strategic layout, helping the students establish a correct world outlook, outlook on life and value.
Researches show that this program is useful to improve the personal abilities of the graduate students and to promote the internationalization progress of graduate education. Many studies have also pointed out some problems of this program and given suggestions on how to improve it. However, the current study is not sufficient. In order to improve this program, questionnaire investigation, interview, comparative analysis and many other methods should be used together to evaluate on national level the effect of this program, influencing factors, situation of the returned people and so on.
How to improve the overall quality of scientific teachers for the ability enhancement of scientific research and knowledge innovation has been a major task for colleges and universities who want to be research-oriented. Based on the competency theory, the paper carries out an analysis from three aspects of literature, role of teachers and teacher qualification, and constructs a preliminary competency model for research-oriented university teachers, which includes personality, necessary knowledge, work skills and comprehensive ability. With the data collected from the questionnaires at Beihang University, the paper applies a statistical analysis tool to prove the validity of the model. The model can play a guiding role in the management of the teachers' team for the teacher development at research-oriented universities.
"Beihang Mode" has created a miracle in China's scientific and technological innovation. By analyzing the national macro environment for innovation and the micro mechanism of innovation in this mode, the research reveals that the formation of this mode lies in attaching importance to the innovation of the social environment and the needs of the construction of national innovation system; the major national strategic demand is an important driving force for the mode formation; technological innovation mechanism which is made up of innovative base, team, spirit, tradition and management system provides important support and guarantee to the formation of this mode. The model represents the major technological and engineering research advantages of Beihang University in the application field, but it also has shortcomings in basic research at the leading edge of science. To achieve sustainable development of this mode, it is necessary to carry out the reform and innovation comprehensively while maintaining its advantages.