2017, Vol. 30 No.2
Publication date: 25 March 2017
Based on a questionnaire survey in Beijing, this study firstly displays the status of citizen usage of government digital tools, including Weibo, WeChat and APP. Chinese citizens prefer to use governmental Wechat primarily, followed by governmental App and Weibo. Secondly, the paper examines socio-demographic variables, general usage of new media, political interests and political knowledge as dependent variables while using three digital tools as independent variables. The final OLS model shows that general new media use and using other tools are strong predictors. Thirdly, the study finds that using governmental Wechat positively would enhance the citizens' satisfaction with government. Using governmental micro blogs only positively affected their perceptions of information openness, and using governmental APP could positively influence on both information openness and responsiveness satisfactions.
Based on a large sample survey data, the paper examines the civic participation situation and its dilemma of ordering on Weibo platform in China. Through statistical analysis, this research finds that the youth aging from 18 to 24 is the major group affecting orderly civic participation on Weibo platform in China. The paper also analyzes the dilemma of orderly civic participation on Weibo platform in China from three aspects by the methodologies of system analysis, content analysis and scenario analysis. The dilemma of orderly civic participation includes the following:group popularization resulted from multiple heterogeneous characteristics of social class, irrational civic participation resulted from objective reality of the digital divide and constant rumors on Weibo platform setting alarm bells to the dilemma of orderly civic participation. The research points out two ways to improve the degree of orderly civic participation:guiding the participated behavior through legal construction and enhancing the participated efficiency through rational citizen education.
As a new form of civic participation, civic policy criticism behavior can enhance political trust and scientific decision-making in China. This research points out that civic policy criticism behavior are resulted from three aspects. The first one is people's dissatisfied mood brought by different social contradictions during the transitional period. The second one is more and more open internet environment, which provides a convenient channel for draining this mood. The last but not least is social conformity, which results in collective irrationality, amplifying the voice of policy criticism. The rise of online-opinion leaders deconstructs and weakens the discourse system dominated by the official and mainstream media. They become the guide, spokesman and booster of the public. Chinese civic policy criticism shows complexity and diversity under the fusion of tradition and reality. Therefore, the trust to high-level government coexists with the criticism to grass-root government, and the pursuit of real interests demands with the social justice. And policy criticism behavior shows diversities among citizens in different areas, of different ages and with different education backgrounds.
In recent years, many companies use newly developed suborbital vehicles to carry out suborbital commercial flights for the purpose of tourism. The commercial development momentum of suborbital flights becomes more and more fierce. Because the delimitation between airspace and outer space is problematic, the legal status of suborbital flights becomes highly controversial. There is no special international regulation on suborbital commercial flights, whether the present aviation convention and space convention areapplicable and how to apply them to suborbital commercial flights becomes an important issue. Meanwhile, represented by the United States and the European Union, many countries and regions enacted some special legal rules of suborbital commercial flights to regulate the suborbital commercial flights activities and promote its development with domestic law. Combining with the relevant international law and domestic law, this thesis analyzes the jurisdiction of the suborbital commercial flights and the liability issues, aims at presenting the current situation of legal regulation of the suborbital commercial flights systematically and puts forward some suggestions to promote the development of suborbital commercial flights and establishment of relevant legal regime in China.
Galileo Global Navigation Satellite System is the first civil GNSS of the world constructed and owned by European Union.Through many years' development,Galileo system had formulated a better management and operation system. European Council and European Parliament issued a series of regulation to clarify the steps of development, the structure of management and the framework of international cooperation, which are the bases for operation and application of Galileo GNSS. At the same time, Galileo system also encountered many legal issues such as international liability, diplomatic privileges and immunity, civil liability etc. It is necessary to consider their successful achievements in BDS law-making process.
International space cooperation can be categorized variously according to different classificationstandards. The "Declaration on International Cooperation in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space for the Benefit and in the Interest of All States, Taking into Particular Account the Needs of Developing Countries" puts forward eight guiding principles for the international space cooperation, which may provide not only the technological and financial assistance but also legal guidance for the long-term sustainability of outer space activities and thus is very important. However, in the work of seeking the long-term sustainability of outer space activities, the international cooperation of space-faring countries is very often affected by the international political situation and is carried out without not only the regulation of international treaties or customary laws but also the implementation and supervision of international organizations or organs. Consequently, the resolution of the issue of long-term sustainability of outer space activities has to rely primarily on the Guidelines for the Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities, but there are some limitations about the provisions of international cooperation in the Guideline 23. In this sense, international community may seek to strengthen the international cooperation in the field of space technology, law, finance and organization in order to achieve the long-term sustainability of outer space activities.
Based on the Suitability Rule (made by U.S. Financial Industry Regulatory Authority and approved by U.S. Stock and Exchange Commission) and the relative regulatory notices, the paper introduces the newest development of suitability rule in U.S. securities markets since the Dodd-Frank Act was in force:the basic principles of suitability rule in U.S. securities markets, the main suitability obligations that brokers and associated persons must fulfill, and the range of disciplinary sanctions that may result from violations of those rules. Subsequently, the paper puts forth some suggestions on the perfection of China's suitability rule in securities markets by combining the enlightenment drawn from relative experiences in the U.S. and China's relative stipulations. China should enact specific regulation to stipulate its suitability rule in securities markets, systematically consummate the main suitability obligations that the brokers and the associated persons must fulfill,and perfect the stipulations about the supervision and disciplinary sanctions that may result from violations of the main suitability obligations to protect the investors in securities markets better.
In the risk disposal of securities companies, due to the differences between administrative disposition and bankruptcy procedure in the aspect of value orientation, leading organs, participants and law application, it is liable to cause conflict and barrier in the transition and connection of the program. At present, lacking coordination rules to solve the conflict in China's legislation may lead to chaos in practice and harm the effect of the program. In view of this, it is necessary to research on some prominent problems from the legal and practical perspective of the issue, which includes how to draw a line between administrative disposition and bankruptcy procedure, whether the current legislation system is appropriate, whether to allow the adjustment of the bankruptcy application corpus, whether some administrative disposition acts can be revoked in the bankruptcy proceeding, how to coordinate the relationship between the group of administrative liquidation and bankruptcy administrator, how to avoid the repeated declaration of creditor's rights and whether the protection range of individual claims is too broad. Some suggestions are proposed on the basis of the above.
Exploratory innovation and exploitative innovation are very important ways for enterprise to adapt to changes and realize the sustainable development. How to get the two innovations has become a research hotspot in recent years. Since employees' voice behavior is often the first step for enterprise innovation, the paper explores the relationship between employees' voice behavior and enterprise innovation. The results show that employee voice behavior has a positive influence on the performance of the enterprise in which exploratory innovation and exploitative innovation partially play a mediating role. Moreover, enterprise ownership has a significant moderating effect, which means the impact of employee voice behavior in the former enterprise on exploratory innovation is weaker than the latter.
Based on China's time series data from January 1995 to June 2014, the paper applies the state space model and the mediation effect testing methods to analyze the relationship between the RMB real effective exchange rate and economic growth and internal mechanism.The empirical analysis shows that the real effective exchange rate's influence of RMB on China's economic growth depends on the actual mediation effect of exports. The paper also finds that the RMB effective exchange rate depreciation has a significant positive effect on both actual exports and economic growth. The paper offers references for decision-making departments of the Chinese government when they formulate policies.
With the development of internet technology, twitter, blog, forum and other virtual communities, more and more enterprises begin to borrow virtual communities to mobilize more network users for the participation in community's discussion and achieve the expansion of enterprise visibility. So for businesses, the most important is to mobilize virtual community user activity. This paper argues that the key of role identity theory is the individual's own understanding of the role and behavior, they are the role identity and role playing. The research results have practical value in enriching the role identity theory and enhancing user activity for the virtual communities.
Previous studies on topic constructions mainly focus on the features of their topics. Features of their comments and the cognitive motivations of the constructions, however, tend to be neglected. Consequently, no consensus has been reached on the markedness of topic constructions. Taking a cognitive grounding perspective and a typological view of markedness, this paper proposes a feature-cluster study on topic constructions, taking account of structural complexity, functional variation and cognitive complexity of both their topics and comments. This cognitive approach is aimed to counteract the limitations of the previous study.
It is generally accepted among Chinese grammarians that monosyllabic verbs cannot undergo nominalization. An examination of this view from a Cognitive Grammar perspective reveals that it is untenable. Nominalization is the result of such basic cognitive abilities as grouping and conceptual reification, without any inherent connection with a verb being monosyllabic or disyllabic. Besides, the view that monosyllabic verbs cannot be nominalized is not supported by evidence of language use. We have collected 1 351 monosyllabic verbs from Modern Chinese Dictionary, and investigated their uses in a corpus of over 8 million words. The results indicate that many common monosyllabic verbs can be nominalized in various types of constructions. And it is not an issue of consequence whether we should attribute such uses to schematic constructions where they occur or to these forms themselves.
The paper, within the framework of R. W. Langacker's Cognitive Grammar, attempts to propose some principles and strategies for the teaching of English grammar,with reference to a case of child language acquisition and the author's own teaching experience. The paper holds that the usage-based teaching of English grammar should teach the students what the natives say and speak in the daily communication, integrate grammar with meaning and compare English with Chinese when necessary. The teaching should be conducted from the bottom to the top.
Based on the analysis of domestic and international characteristics of engineering practice teaching and present situation of engineering practice teaching in China, and combined with the features of engineering practice education in China, this paper puts forward the cultivating principle, teaching orientation, teaching philosophy and reform and construction basic principles of engineering training. Also, it further constructs and implements the new curriculum framework of engineering training which consists of various levels, stages and progresses. According to the course characteristics and training objectives in Beihang University, this framework, characterized by comprehensiveness, includes the technical contents of electromechanical control in each stage. And the continuous practice process with various levels also reflects the practical characteristic of engineering practice teaching. With the construction of open practice teaching platform, the teaching thought of openness and individualization has been realized in teaching method. And satisfactory results have been achieved in many years' practice teaching.
As a controversial technology, nuclear power is both beneficial and risky. Therefore, its smooth development should be based on public acceptance. So it's meaningful to modify the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and apply it to the construction of the nuclear power acceptance model. This research shows that trust, subjective norm and perceived behavior control can significantly influence behavioral intentions, with the effect of trust being the strongest. Publi?s "perceived benefits" and "perceived risks" of nuclear power can both significantly influence their trust and behavioral intentions. But they are far more cautious with the risks than excited about the benefits.
Under the background of the current reform on science and technology management, science and technology innovation policy evaluation has gradually become a research hot spot, receiving widespread attention from the government, innovation subjects in fields of science and technology, as well as Scientific Academia and etc. Through literature review, practice survey and case study, we found that the research achievements on science and technology innovation policy evaluation in foreign countries were pretty fruitful, and that they had certain enlightenment on our country in the perspectives of theoretical research and practical exploration of the policy evaluation framework, method and index. This paper suggested that in China, theoretical research on science and technology innovation policy evaluation lagged behind its practice, and that the faultiness on theoretical method and lack of evaluation paradigm had restrained the development of evaluation practice. Therefore, the next step of the development of science and technology innovation policy evaluation in our country should focus on strengthening the construction of evaluation theory and method system.