2017, Vol. 30 No.4
Publication date: 25 July 2017
The application of PPP in Haikou's sanitation service is a typical example in China. Based on the depth interview of the Haikou municipal government and the contractor in 2016, the paper concludes that the construction of the platform company, the reasonable investing proportion between public and private, the profitability ratio, the competition mechanism between companies, the transient policy for original staff and sanitation enterprises are key factors to success. The paper also holds the view that the way to solve the problem of the staff and the formation of detailed contract in financial, rights and performance assessment need to improve instantly.
Group organization participation in government procurement of public services is not only an important means to be actively involved in social governance, but also an important driving force for the development of social organizations. The paper summarizes the innovation cases of group participation in government's purchase of public service, which is of great significance for the promotion of mass reform experience. Taking the group reform of Chongqing Municipality as the object of the case study, the paper describes the participatory structure, participation mode and practical innovation of the group participation in the government purchase of public service. To solve the problems of imperfect purchase method, scarce purchase content, single source of support resource, the paper puts forward some suggestions like guiding in accordance with the law, establishing more comprehensive purchase list, increasing the support of purchase resources, and creating public service platform.
Purchase of Service Contracting (POSC) is a new way of functional transformation and public service supply of the government. This paper examines the regulation mechanism of POSC based on the comparative research. The findings reveal that POSC in China is rapidly developing in terms of public policy and practice, at the same time, there is a lack of comprehensive consideration of purchasing assessment and supervision. The key point of the article is that in order to promote the effective development of the government POSC, it is urgent to strengthen the construction of regulation mechanism. Specifically make clear the main body and operation mechanism of evaluation and supervision, and the establishment of multi-agency system, to strengthen the process of regulation and improve the assessment mechanism.
Basic-level governmental procurement of public legal services is a new supply of public legal services containing market rationality and efficiency. Exploring its type and approach can describe the current basic situation in China, so as to better respond to the needs of diverse public legal services. This paper attempts to classify the purchase approaches by establishing a descriptive framework and using cross-case clustering analysis. In this paper, the author finds that there are some problems in the purchase way, such as the fuzzy boundary of the purchased content, the narrow purchase scope, the lack of the whole consideration about regulated purchase, the insufficient discretionary purchase and the imbalance of the purchasing channels. Based on the above, this paper brings forward such policy recommendations as formulating the law to clarify the boundaries of purchase, system to clarify the content boundary, considering "publicness" to broaden the scope of purchase, constructing a working mechanism to coordinate the purchase, cultivating public confidence to guide the discretionary purchase, regulating public bidding and government subsidy and strengthening supervision to regulate the purchase of private relations.
As the service provision to Asia-Pacific region and the construction of global constellation are pushing forward step by step, the lack of soft power on governance and management over BeiDou Satellite Navigation System (BDS), including institutional, policy and legal arrangements, is clipping the wings of the deployment, development, exploration and application of BDS, and constraining its further popularization both at domestic and global level. Therefore, it is necessary to propose a comprehensive legal framework for BDS so as to lock the sustainable development of BDS and to balance the interests of all stakeholders in the value chain of BDS. Bearing that in mind, this paper offers the whole thinking of shaping that legal system based on the specific analyses on the legal regimes on the supervision mechanism, certification system, mandatory application, ownership, operation, cost of recovery, sovereign rights, liability regime, data and privacy protection as well as other legal issues in the context of BDS.
After ten years of development,China has built a whole industrial chain of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System(BDS). In order to further strengthen the industry, China has adopted and released some national policies with regard to the BDS. More than half of provinces have also published their industrial development policies concerning BDS. Generally speaking, the main problems include:there is no a comprehensive national industrial policy for BDS; the existing policies are subjected to departmental coordination and region restrict; lack of the regulation of compulsory use of BDS; the relevant policies have no legal biding because of the lack of applicable acts. Aiming at the above-mentioned problems, China should improve the relevant administration system, promulgate and release the national industrial policy for BDS, establish interdepartmental communication mechanism, mandate certain sectors and industries to use BDS, and strengthen the relevant legislative building, etc.
This paper conducts an empirical test of the volatility of the stock market in China, by building the ARMA-TGARCH-M model, and using the data of low-frequency daily yield and high-frequency five minutes yield of Shanghai Composite Index and Shenzhen Component Index simultaneously. The empirical results show that there is a substantial high-frequency fluctuation in China's stock market, and that the overall market risk is high. Moreover, there are characters of volatility clustering, peaky kurtosis and thick trail and asymmetric distribution in the yield volatility of stock market in China; and the stock market in Shenzhen is more prominent in all those characteristics than the stock market in Shanghai. In addition, there are significant stability, self-correlation and ARCH effect, long external shock volatility duration, and the significant leverage effect as well. GARCH Models can be fitted well to the problem of the volatility of the stock market in China.
This paper applies SBM directional distance function and Luenberger productivity indicator to measure China's pig breeding productive efficiency and total factor productivity(TFP)from 2004 to 2013 with an analysis of its influence factors. The major conclusions are as follows:higher efficiency of pig production provinces were mostly concentrated in western regions, overuse of roughage and labor input, unreasonable other material costs input as well as overweight of newborn animal are the main sources of pig production inefficiency in China. The growth of pig breeding TFP in China is -12.98% from 2004 to 2013, which is mainly restricted by the gradually decreased scale efficiency and technical progress rate. The cost proportion of concentrate fee in pig breeding and different level of regional economic development have positive and significant effects on China's pig breeding productive efficiency and TFP.
With the development of the Silk Road Economic Zone,patents, as a sign of technological innovation, are no longer measured in terms of the amount of application or the amount of authorization,instead effective conversion of patent quality and market prospects are more valued. The industrialization of patent resources is beneficial to the improvement of the efficiency and level of Shaanxi's independent innovation, the quality and efficiency of economic development in Shaanxi, the establishment of modern industrial system formed by the optimization of the structure, the added value and the ability to absorb the employment.
These years, with relatively high economic growth and obvious industrial advantages, coordinated development in the western China has been achieved. But with the transformation of the national economic growth, the emergence of new normal and traditional industry overcapacity, the western region will be faced with severe challenges in the "Thirteen five"period of industrial development. Therefore, the industry development of the western region should adopt the efficiency driven strategy, enhancing the efficiency of resource allocation and utilization efficiency so as to gradually realize the coordinated development of the industrial growth, efficiency and structure in the western region.
David Lodge, a famous contemporary British novelist and literary critic, is deeply influenced by Bakhtin's theory, the main feature of which is to adopt a marginal perspective. In 2008, Lodge, in his seventies, published Deaf Sentence, which is based on his personal deaf experience. The novel endeavors to portray the marginal experiences of people living on the edge. As the foreground of the novel, deafness enables the protagonist to observe the world and human life from a new perspective, and then provokes thoughts about deafness, aging and death. A marginal stance is taken in characterization and theme selection of the novel as well. The novel is also noteworthy for its carnivalization and dialogism.
Milan Kundera is one of the most popular contemporary foreign writers in China. His works have been a research hot spot in academia for a long time. This article reviews the domestic studies on Kundera in the 21st century from the following three perspectives:analysis of study results, perspectives of studies as well as the problems and suggestions. This article enables researchers to understand the development and trend of domestic studies on Kundera, and it will also be useful for future research in this field.
Society is the realization of communication based on cooperation of people. Marx thinks that the abrogate of private ownership of the mean of production is the way to overcome the limitation of individual choice. However, Rawls insists that the elimination of social position difference depends on the principle of justice, with which people would change their attitude about social cooperation.Thus, considering the theoretical differences of reconstruction or cooperation, it is inevitable to get analyzation about social entirety, especially the setting of concept of human.
Although reforming China's teaching methods of undergraduate education in law from the perspective of American case teaching is practicable because of its universality and the trend of blending the two legal chains, the difference between the two countries' legal systems make it impossible to transplant it directly. However, the spirit of guiding students in thinking like lawyers is universal, because there is no border in the method of cultivating students' thinking abilities. Examined from the view of American case teaching, the current undergraduate education in lawin China, in such aspects as the method of teaching and the selection of teaching cases, remains to be improved.
Sense of social responsibility is an important part of the moral character of people, and it is the fundamental embodiment of social values. The formation and fulfillment of social responsibility is based on the individual premise of value cognition and judgment of responsibility, and the interaction between the inherent concept and external environment. Therefore it reflects the distinctive era background. The contemporary undergraduates' social responsibility is very sensitive to the change of the times. The globalization, marketization and networked world have brought realistic predicament like value distress, identity constraints and growth block. To effectively cope with the current difficulties, measures should be taken such as strengthening value integration, highlighting the characteristic of relationship and making great effort in the self-construction of responsibility.
Chinese traditional management wisdom has some guiding value to discipline building of universities. Based on the connotation definition of "Way, Law, Potential, Technique and Device", the paper presents a research on the mentality and measures of discipline building in the view of traditional management wisdom. Taking the development experience of first-class universities for reference, the paper concludes management method from five angles. The paper suggests that making correct choice and addicting to the chosen disciplinary strategy is the right "Way". "Law"is the base for discipline building, disciplinary culture development and construction of freedom and order, while"Potential" means to do discipline building work with the help of authority, developing priority and dislocation competition. Doing layout of the entity and developing disciplinary system is the "Technique", and assessing regularly and cooperating with enterprises is the"Device".