2017, Vol. 30 No.5
Publication date: 25 September 2017
The implementation of rural pension policy and the strengthening of rural old-age security effort play a positive role in promoting rural residents' pension level and completing the pension system in China. However there exist some problems in pension, endowment mode and facilities for the elders which fail to meet the needs of elderly residents in rural areas. To solve the problems, it is important to understand the actual endowment modes and real demand of rural elderly residents. Only by doing that can rural old-age pension plan be made, pension industry in rural areas be developed and rural old-age pension facilities and its protection level be improved.
On the analysis of the mainland China and Hong Kong,China,the United States,Britain,Germany,Japan and Singapore and other countries,on the basis of policy development,summarizes the development stage of public housing (cycle) by the "start","grow up","mature" and "recession" four stages,and pointed out that China's current public housing in the second phase of the development cycle."Distribution + rotation" should be by increasing the service efficiency of public housing,by way of "transition + rental" relieve excess housing inventory,eliminate class differentiation by way of "governance + fusion" spread,"exit + loop" way to solve the futures of public housing policy advice,etc.
In July 2016, the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued its final small Unmanned Aircraft Systems (sUAS) rules, adding Part 107 under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), integrating civil sUAS into the National Airspace System (NAS). Part 107, as the latest development of the U.S. civil sUAS legislation, provides detailed rules as to the remote pilot certification, preflight familiarization and inspection, flight restrictions and operating limitations, and waivers etc., for the operations of civil sUAS within the United States. This paper reviews Part 107 including its structure and provisions, and briefly discusses its features with the conclusion that the FAA adopted a relatively restrictive and stringent approach to regulate civil sUAS operations.
Currently, China's regulatory regime for civil Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) has been established preliminarily, including airworthiness management, operational management, flight management, pilot qualification management, utilization management and frequency management, etc. Meanwhile, China has promulgated and published some acts, administrative regulations, administrative rules and normative documents with regard to civil UAV. However, the existing regulatory regime for civil UVA has the following defects:lack of relevant regulations for UVA nationality registration;lack of systematic airworthiness management regime; imperfect technical standards; space management only at an exploratory stage; impracticable regulation on utilization of UAV for general aviation; lack of coordination mechanism among competent departments. In view of the above defects, China should improve and perfect its existing regulatory regimes, regulating the industrial management and promoting the development of UAV industry.
With the development of the UAV industry,UAV flight irregularities become serious. The paper analyzes existing problems in the current development and management environment of UAV in China, including laws and regulations should be improved urgently; supervise mechanisms should be established; personnel management needs to be strengthened; urgent research on management and control technology needs to be carried out to find out the cause of UAV flight irregularities. With the reference of foreign UAV flight management experience, the paper proposes the assumption of UAV flight management system based on China's current air control environment which includes implementing hierarchical classification management, delimiting a special airspace for dredging consumption, carrying out linkage and joint management of military and civilian, increasing the penalties of illegal flight and so on.
How to balance the protection of customers' rights while encouraging operators to have a healthy development has become a major issue in the present society. From the perspective of international comparative law, endowing the customers with cooling-off is considered to be an effective resolution. Although the Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Consumer Rights and Interests has introduced such rule into its overall framework, due to the lack of theory foundation, the interpretation of the relationship between a cooling-off period and the traditional civil law is not explicit and clear. Any interpretation discrepancy of the cooling-off period in the theory system will cause the foundation of the theory incompatible. Therefore, it is necessary to research the issues such as the clarification on the parties' behavioral patterns, the causes of the application of cooling-off, the completion of the agreement between the parties from contractual aspect, and the finding of foundation of legitimate of cooling-off. Such rule in the Japanese laws distinguishes in resolving the aforesaid issues, which may inspire and be referred to the cooling-off study in China.
The use of online banking has become increasingly popular among modern young people, but whether the electronic standard clauses of online banks is legal and reasonable fails to catch enough attention. Research on this subject is helpful to identify and prevent overlord clauses. Taking 9 domestic online banks as an example, this paper uses content analysis method to collect, analyze and classify the customer service agreements, and extracts overlord clauses on the basis of Contract Law and Consumer Protection Law. Then 3 foreign banks' online service agreements were read and compared to identify the clauses that can be used for reference to our domestic banking industry. On this basis, through analyzing the legislation and regulation of standard clausesin international laws, legal regulation measures were put forward in terms of content, legal entities, evaluation subject and management time.
With the development of economic globalization, Shaanxi aviation industry was in a passive and low position of the Global Value Chain. There are many factors can account for this problem. The purpose of this paper is to find the factors influencing Shaanxi aviation industry upgrading based on Global Value Chain. By using the theory of Global Value Chain and industry upgrading, the analysis model of the impact factors of the aviation industry in Shaanxi is established. The model reflects that endogenous and exogenous factors affect Shaanxi aviation industry upgrading together. The endogenous factors include technological innovation ability, high level human capital investment, industrial enterprise scale, brand effect and the degree of joint enterprise. The exogenous factors include government support, institutional innovation, productive service, global value chain governance model and external economy. From a strategic point of view, Shaanxi aviation industry should optimize the allocation of resources in the industry, enhance the competitiveness, and participate in the international division of aviation industry actively to improve the level of international cooperation.
Based on X-12, Johansen cointegration test and FiniteLag Distribution Model, this paper analyzes fluctuation characteristics, dynamic changes and correlation effects of mutton price. The paper finds that the seasonal fluctuating mutton prices has risen since 2005, and in 2015 the cointegrated industry entered a new stage, price of beef, chicken, corn, soybean meal, wheat bran and CPI affect mutton price significantly. To promote the development of the sheep industry, the paper suggests that number stability of sheep herds and the basic income of farmers be ensured, investment on technological innovation be increased, supervision of the feed industry be strengthened, sheep slaughtering and processing enterprises acquisitions be regulated, development of sheep slaughtering and grading standards be accelerated.
The paper first attempts to build an evaluation index system of the core competitiveness of fresh supermarket in China from the financial perspective. Then it evaluates the core competitiveness of fresh supermarket by using analytic hierarchy process and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method as the theoretical support. The paper also presents ideas on how to cultivate their own core competitiveness. The empirical results show that the core competitiveness ranking of fresh supermarket is basically consistent to the reality and that the model is effective. All means to enhance operational capacity, profit ability and operating capacity are proved effective for the promotion of the core competitiveness of fresh supermarket.
The paper approaches the study of leadership stress by integrating the method of questionnaire survey and eye movement experiment. Evaluating the negative tendency of managers, the paper proposes the relationship among emotion, stress source and stress handling. According to the data analysis, managers aged 41 to 45 get the highest negative tendency. The participants who have been working from seven to ten years have the highest mean score of negative tendency. The negative index is different for the participants on various positions. The results from the stress analysis may help better understand the leadership work stress control and establish early warning mechanism.
Alias Grace is one of Margaret Atwood's representative novels. This article tries to explore the techniques of post-modern historical writing that Atwood uses, multi-layer narrative structure and intertextuality, and fictionality and indeterminacy of the plot. In this novel, Atwood exposes the life experience of women and social reality of the oppressed, thus intending to let the silenced and marginalized women have the chance to articulate their voices. Drawing on historical facts,Atwood reassesses her deep concern of women's fate,her doubt of the official history, thereby offering her reflections on the authenticity of history.
Alice Munro's short stories delineate the Canadian social imaginary with a particular emphasis on realism combined with the particulars of daily life. The author approaches Canadianness through the local and the personal, reflecting the otherwise grand narratives of nation and history through her attention to banal life. This paper attempts to read Munro's construction of Canadian identity through her realism, orality, and narrative technique in view of providing a framework for understanding her faithfulness to realism in writing.
Entrepreneurship education originates from the United States. Its development has experienced the transition from minority group to mass group, from single course to fused course, from utilitarian training to non-utilitarian teaching, from business education to university-wide education. Since it has been introduced to our country, enormous colleges and universities developed entrepreneurship education actively. At the same time, entrepreneurship education forms an ecological system, which is widely participated by all sectors of society. The concept of entrepreneurship education in colleges and universities has become more rich and diverse as well. In current social background,entrepreneurship education in colleges and universities should clarify the property boundary,pattern type and value orientation in order to define its future development.
In the U.S. doctoral education, there are both consistency and differences with typical American model and features. Taking the School of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Purdue University as an example, the school pays much attention to the assurance mechanism of academic environment, evaluation and selection, implementing these mechanisms in the curriculum and examination, academic standards, plan of study via its doctoral advisory committee, which reflects, to some extent, the basic characteristics of engineering doctor education in the top U. S. universities. It provides a valuable reference for the doctoral cultivation in China, especially our engineering doctor cultivation.
Current traditional cultural education in colleges mainly includes four layers——teaching, organization, activities and Internet from the perspective of ideological and political education. The construction of traditional cultural education is constrained by factors like concept conflict between history and reality, restriction in education model and narrow education space. The paper suggests that colleges start from the strategic level of traditional culture educational path construction, explore the cultural nature of the ideological and political education, optimize educational staff construction, integrate the work carriers of the education and enlarge education space.
Scientific research project team as a group organized in common has its own features. The healthy development of the scientific research team lies in whether the individual and the team can establish a good matching relationship. Running through the whole process of its occurring period, growing period and dissolution period, it involves individual and group values, target matching, matching between team requirement and individual ability, matching between individual demand and team supply. Meanwhile, in every matching type, for better matching relationship, both the individual and the team should adopt effective strategies to realize a win-win situation.