2018, Vol. 31 No.1
Publication date: 25 January 2018
With the advent of Big Data Era, the complex governance environment brings significant challenges for traditional government capacity. However, the powerful, innovative and scientific technology innovation prepares basic conditions for improving governance transformation and enhancing government capacity. The big data driven government capacity is based on the advancement of theory and practice of global governance. Combining the Internet technology revolution, massive data sources, and extensive governance issues, this paper summarizes the new development, new dynamics, and new perspective of the government capacity building in Big Data Era. Big Data contributes to the government capacity construction through three channels, namely function extension, technical support and innovative application. Based on global experiences, China should vigorously strengthen the innovative applications such as open government, intelligent government, responsive government and enculturating government to comprehensively promote the government capacity on policymaking, opinion absorbing, integration and cooperation.
The rapid development of information technology has promoted the change of the network ecology as well as the formation and development of the network political ecology. Network technology has experienced the evolution from Web1.0 to Web3.0, and citizen's right to know, to express and to participate in have been improved. At the same time, the power of the government is changed from the management by control from the top to the flexible and flat management model, which people can engage in equal dialogue and interaction with the government with its affairs public. Out of nothing, the influence of opinion leaders grows from small to large and chaos to order. The power structure of network political ecology is constantly deconstructed and reconstructed, showing a new prospect of dynamic evolution, cooperative symbiosis and multi-party game.
Based on the framing theory and the content analysis method, this study displays the characteristics and social media strategies of the framing in Beijing Official Governmental Wechat. The results show that in these selected samples, issues about politics and public notices are mostly used. The government emphasizes the framing of government-mass and publicity primarily. With different topics, official essays prefer to set and establish different framing when they publish messages. The Poisson Regression Model explores that if the government applies more framing of publicity and popularity in Wechat essays, the communication effects would be more positively improved, while appropriate formats and neoteric titles also have positive effects. Finally, for better governance, the paper suggests the governmental Wechat apply a syncretic strategy with diverse discourse structures, advisable framing and rich texts.
Nowadays public management departments rely on effective management tools to optimize the information flow and provide better policy support. Office automation is also an important part of management innovation. This paper discusses the application of electronic document management system in Beihang University. Based on the analysis of its structure, function and work flow, the paper finds that Beihang University has achieved unity of physical flow and information flow, sharing and coordination of resources and information. The university also offers good experience in the field of security and confidentiality system. This paper suggests that the electronic document management system be adopted to optimize the information service and resources deployment, diversified collaboration and sharing of knowledge be encouraged and management innovation in the Internet era be promoted.
Using a modified scale, this paper tests the leadership expectation by employees of their leaders in China public sectors. The findings are as follows:The scale founded by Chinese scholars to measure private sectors is not suitable to China public sectors; employees in China public sectors expect more in inspirational motivation and idealized influence; There are two preferred approaches to enhancing transformational leadership in China public sectors:encouraging employees to find better ways of doing their jobs and properly authorizing the employees.
The questionnaire to survey Ningbo's public employment service quality was filled out by 3000 laborers in Ningbo, and the fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was applied in analyzing the survey data. The result shows that the overall evaluation of Ningbo public employment service quality is "medium". According to the service quality gap model, the mechanism is put forward in this paper for improving Ningbo public employment service quality. In order to improve the quality of Ningbo public employment services, Ningbo public employment service agencies should correctly understand the laborers' expectations of Ningbo public employment service quality, and correctly select public employment service designs and establish the public employment service quality standards. Additionally, Ningbo public employment service agencies should provide the services in accordance with the public standards and ensure that the government public employment service delivery is consistent with the commitment.
The service-oriented government is the main goal of the Chinese government reform and is in line with the requirements of the mode of government of the socialism with Chinese characteristics. There have been four phases in the construction of service-oriented government in China:the marketization of public services, the public services performance evaluation, the equalization of public services and the standardization of public services. There is a dialectical relationship between the standardization of public servicesand other topics. The standardization of public services is the result of the mutual promotion of public administration theory and practice in our country.It is believed that the public services standardization is the latest stage of practice of building a service-oriented government. Building public services standardization is system engineering. We should follow the equivalent, timely, appropriate and advanced principle, learn the experience of standardization construction from the enterprise management, create the top-level designs, and establish an overall and universal framework of public services standard system.
Since the 1980s, the reform movement of public administration has already subverted the traditional bureaucracy system and has cultivated many different theoretical schools. However, these theoretical schools convey conflict values and arising ambiguities to the direction of the reform. This paper analyzes the characteristics of theoretical basis, administrative target, administrative value and administrative manner from the theories of new public management, new public service, and digital governance, and applies their reasons from the perspectives of humanity hypothesis, function of web technology, theory background, cognition of behavior motivation, and administrative values and manners. This paper also asserts that the modern government reform should focus on the essence of unity and integral, and follow the direction of seamless administrative theory. The seamless theory is a unity, which combines service demand and administrative supply, and contains the concepts of theory basis, administrative target, administrative value, and administrative manner. This theory provides a new cognition for the government officers and relevant researchers.
In financial market, investors make decisions with the information available. Information heterogeneity and difference in attitudes towards information have a great effect on investors' behavior, and further influence asset pricing. Social network is an important channel for investors to acquire external information, and overconfidence is one impact factor on investors' attitude toward information, both of which affect the asset prices. This paper presents an economic model in which rational traders and overconfident traders have access to information from social network Based on the framework of rational expectation equilibrium and market microstructure, and explore the effect of overconfidence on asset prices. We found that there exists rational expectation equilibrium based on the model the authors build, and derive some significant implications in discussing market factors, such as market efficiency, capital cost and liquidity.
There is not a certain conclusion about whether relaxing short selling constraints can reduce the degree of security market's mispricing. However, the margin trading system established in China provides an excellent experiment process for this problem. We test the differences of the mispricing degree between the before and after the event, then verify whether short selling can affect the degree of mispricing, how much will the short selling ratio affect the degree of mispricing, and explore what factors can have an effect on the sensitivity between short selling constraints and mispricing. The conclusions show that short selling can significantly reduce the degree of mispricing, but there exists a nonlinear relationship between short selling ratio and mispricing, when the short selling ratio is in the range of 4%~14%, as the ratio increases, the degree of mispricing reduces, however, when the ratio is below 4% or above 14%, the affect has inverse performances. At the same time, the more stocks that can be shortsaled institution investors have, the more sensitive the relation between short selling constraints and mispricing will be.
Collective bargaining plays an important role in resource allocation process in China's labor market. This article applied 2Tier-SFA method to measure the bargaining power between migrant workers and firms based on the data from"migrant worker employment and food demand survey". An empirical application shows that migrant workers are paid more than expected productivity,although there exist a part of workers with low power.There is no serious gender wage discrimination in wage bargaining process. Moreover, migrant workers have more but unstable net bargaining surplus in services, and are paid more with urbanization desire.
Language functions as a tool to construct and maintain social identities. A successful cover letter must construct social identities of writers deemed as proper by readers. The appraisal theory which aims to study interpersonal meaning of discourses explores means by which writers/speakers align with readers/listeners. Right choices of appraisal resources should help build proper social identities of writers/speakers. By contrasting 30 English cover letters of native writers of English and 30 English cover letters of ESL learners in China, this paper finds different identities are built by these two groups in compliments of cover letters. The result suggests a new angle to teaching of English cover letters and further illustrates the important role of identity construction in pragmatic teaching of foreign languages.
Mentor's leadership is an important factor on graduate creativity. From self-determined theory perspective, this research analyzes the mechanism of mentor's autonomy support leadership on graduate student's creativity by investigating the mediation role of autonomous motivation and the moderation role of individual gender. A questionnaire survey is carried out on 300 graduate students in University of Science and Technology of China. The results show that:mentor's autonomy support has a positive effect on graduate students' creativity. Moreover, graduate students' autonomous motivation plays a total mediated role in the relationship between the mentor's autonomy support and students' creativity. Compared with male students, mentor's autonomy support have a stronger positive effect on female students' creativity.
As the core laboratory of the Second World War radar project, the American MIT Radiation Laboratory has an important influence on post-war science. The paper explores the characteristics and formation mechanism of MIT Radiation Laboratory based on the theory of non-profit organization. With properties of non-profit organizations, radiation laboratory highlights the characteristics of non-profit organizations:organizational, non-governmental, non-profit, autonomous and voluntary. The formation mechanism of its characteristics includes special civic society as its social basement, specific historical events as its trigger mechanism, the development of American foreign policy as its policy supporter and the rise of the civilian scientists elite in America during World War II as its intelligence guarantee.
The first "Beijing School" was established in Beihang University in December 2013. Students from other universities in Beijing can be accepted to long visiting study or minor study by relying on the professional discipline and teaching conditions in Beihang University. Credit transfer and recognition are very important for students transfer and resources sharing because credits are tools and instruments to measure learning quantity. In this respect, we should learn from European Credit Transfer System. It contains three key documents which are information packets, learning agreements and achievements, and also contains relevant supporting measures. Its outstanding characteristics can be summarized as a complete organization, normative law, transparency among institutions, flexible credit transfer, quality guarantee measures. All of this is of great significance for the "Beijing school". The paper offers proposals to the credit recognition of "Beijing School":perfecting organization, strengthening policy and legislation, formulating scientific and standard transformation mechanism, setting up information service support system and establishing effective quality assurance system.