2019, Vol. 32 No.4
Publication date: 25 July 2019
The popularity of we-media platforms such as Weibo, Postbar, WeChat and Tik Tok enables we-media users to have a relatively independent say. However, because of the poor legal consciousness of the related subjects, the impolitic implementation of network real-name system, and imperfect accountability mechanism, the media platforms and their users abuse the rights to distribute and disseminate inflammatory and offensive language, pictures, videos and other information, which damages the benign development of the media platforms, infringes the lawful rights and interests of other people, and even impairs the public interests. Preventive measures to curb we-media information violence should be implemented in three stages:prevention in advance, supervision in process, and accountability afterwards, so as to ensure the development of we-media within the scope of law.
By analyzing the current circumstances of and issues associated with personal information collection by Apps, this paper clarifies the definition and connotation of the concept of "personal information", explains the principles of collection and puts forward some suggestions on system design and better governance. In fully considering the balance between innovation and regulation, as well as coordinating self-discipline and co-governance, it is proposed that an independent personal information regulatory agency be set up, and a more systematic legal framework built for personal information protection. This can help improve the stability of law enforcement and predictability of legal protection.
Although the Appeal has been called for many years, the problem of financing difficulties for small and medium-sized enterprises has not been fundamentally solved in China. This has a certain connection with the decentralization and paper quality of the registration of movable property guarantee in China. The trend of electronic registration systems promoted by relevant countries and international organizations is gradually developing. Compared with the document registration system, the declaration registration system has more reference significance. Our country should establish a unified registration system of electronic movable property guarantee based on the system of declaration registration. In the process of system construction, we should consider the credit status, legislative status, trading habits and other factors, balancing the efficiency and security.
As a positive state of mind, cultural self-confidence falls into the category of human cognition. Marxist practice determines the principle of cognition and reveals that cultural confidence as a category of cognition contains profound practical logic. Looking back at history, it is not difficult to find that the trajectory of self-confidence of Chinese culture has a close relationship with the national encounters that nurture it:practice is flourishing, nationality is prosperous, and culture is self-confident; on the contrary, cultural self-confidence is weak. At present, the positive cultural mentality of the Chinese nation-cultural self-confidence is fully demonstrated by the great practice of reform and opening up-reveals the practical logic of cultural self-confidence from the dimension of reality. The double mirror of history and reality shows the dimension of the future:in the new historical orientation, we will continue to deepen the great practice of socialism with Chinese characteristics, continue to promote the practice of cultural innovation, and continue to consolidate and fully conserve the cultural self-confidence of the Chinese nation with the tremendous energy of practice creation. It is a major cultural mission of the Chinese nation in the new era.
The Rural Revitalization Strategy tries to solve the current challenge of "rural diseases". This strategy advocates the protection of equal rights and interests of urban and rural residents. It should encourage farmers initiative and social participation. This strategy is not only the inheritance, reflection and promotion of China's rural reform theory and practice, but also the new development of Marx's theory of urban-rural relations. In the process of practice, we should pay attention to constructing the protection and coordination mechanism of the institutional change main body, internal and external driving mechanism and typical risk prevention mechanism.
The growing professionalisation and committee domination of legislation, as well as the development of internet weaken the legislature-social linkage, making it a common threat to the legislatures worldwide, including China's People's Congress. In rebuilding the linkage, legislatures of many countries tried to establish legislative media, offer education service to young person, and engage in outreach activities. Those endeavours illustrate their attempt to set up a new "legislature-society" relationship, rather than the traditional "parliamentarian-voter" linkage. The cases examined in this paper offer new ideas to the development of the People's Congress. They also show the importance of enhancing Chinese legislature's social impact.
The working system of the people's congress is an important part of the system of people's congresses. It is the general term for the system governing the exercise of functions, powers and performance of duties by the organs of the people's congresses and their members and other staff members. Its main features are the combination of entity and procedure, the concretization of the functions and duties of the NPC, and the scientificalization of the working procedures of the NPC. Its democratic value is to promote the effective operation of the system of the people's congress, prevent the value deviation of indirect democracy to the greatest extent, strengthen the sense of duty of deputies of the people's congress, and ensure that the people are the masters of the country.
The website of the people's congress is an important platform for the communication between the people's congress and the public, and an important carrier to give full play to the functions of the people's congress. In recent years, there has been an increasing number of studies on the evaluation of the website of the people's congress, mainly from the process of information input or output of the website to evaluate the website of the people's congress. The information dissemination process of the website of the people's congress is shown in that the people's congress inputs the information generated by its own functions into the website, and the website outputs the functional information of the people's congress to users in the form of website functions. Taking the website of the people's congress as the research object, according to the above information dissemination process, the paper adopts an analytic hierarchy process to construct the quality evaluation index system of the portal website of the people's congress of China. According to the index system, information disclosure is the most important function of a website, and the website should also attach importance to interactive participation and online service functions. The importance of the indicators at the second and third levels is related to the importance of the indicators to democracy, which corresponds to the essence of the people's congress as a representative organ.
Currently, a new round of worldwide scientific and technological revolution is ready to spring up. Through reviewing the innovation strategy documents of major foreign countries published in recent years, we found that the major developed countries, urged by the desire to consolidate their leading positions in the global scientific and technological innovation, have focused their innovation policy on supporting such frontier fields of scientific and technological innovation as artificial intelligence, advanced materials, precision medicine, gene technology, quantum communications, advanced manufacturing, aerospace, and new energy and green environmental protection. Their innovation policy and strategy stress the centralized policy support in scientific and technological innovation from the opposite side, center on the talents construction in science and technology policy, improve the collaborative network of innovation alliance, strengthen the preferential configuration of innovative resources, and build a comprehensive innovation system with advanced manufacturing as the core. The development trend of the policy provides certain inspiration for our country. This paper suggests that the next step of the development of scientific and technological innovation policy in our country in the revolution of new science and technology should focus on understanding the coherence and discrepancy between China's scientific and technological innovation and that of the foreign innovation-oriented countries, systemically strengthening the scientific and technological talent inputs, improving the collaborative innovation network and the layout of science and technology in our country by focusing on advanced manufacturing.
The research develops four scales for workers in social enterprises in the aspects of well-being, income satisfaction, voluntary sense and ability improvement. Results show that the main influencing factors include sense of volunteer and public welfare, income satisfaction and ability improvement level. These three factors have different powers among different kinds of workers in social enterprises. The well-being of employees is influenced by voluntary sense and degree of ability improvement, while the workers who are also aided people are influenced more by degree of income satisfaction. Social enterprise should improve their workers' income, set up enterprise culture, and the policies of social enterprises should also be formulated as soon as possible.
The use of technology innovation to drive economic development and serve the transformation and upgrading of the real economy has become one of the core strategies of China's economic development. Most of the GEM listed companies are technology-oriented enterprises, in need of technological innovation to constantly upgrade the enterprise's products and services. Therefore, this paper uses the business data of the GEM listed companies in China, and applies Cobb-douglas production function and stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) to study the relationship of business performance and two factors-technology innovation input and efficiency respectively. Moreover, this paper analyzes the change trend of the innovation efficiency and the innovation efficiency of each industry. The study has shown that the technology innovation input of the GEM listed companies has positive correlation with technology innovation input and efficiency. Furthermore, technology innovation efficiency increases constantly. Energy conservation & environment protection and electrical equipment rank the top in innovation efficiency among industries.
This paper studies consumer revolution in a longer historical period and a broader global context. Along with the speedy development of the global trade since sixteenth century, a country's consumption has been more and more affected by imported goods. In the aspect of promoting consumption revolution, the import of consumer goods is more guiding, while the innovation of national supply is more decisive. But the import of consumer goods provides opportunities for the innovation and development of national supply, and even lays the foundation for a nation's rise. Now China is facing the upgrading of the consumption structure, consumption outflow and consumers' demand for foreign consumer goods at the same time. This shows that the import of advanced consumer goods is an important factor in promoting domestic consumption upgrading. The ability and level of national supply can't meet the requirements of consumption upgrading. China urgently needs structural reforms in the supply side to enhance competition for domestic and global markets, and then reshape the impetus of domestic consumption upgrading.
Contingent Convertible Bonds (CoCos) are an important type of bail-in debts. The empirical results show that the price changes of the banks' stocks in the Shanghai Stock Exchange do exhibit a long-range serial autocorrelation and persistence in following a trend. The stock price of the underlying bank is described by a stochastic differential equation driven by a fractional Brownian motion with the Hurst parameter H satisfying 1/2 < H < 1, which characterizes the serial autocorrelation indicating a memory and the fractal character of the price. The preference based equilibrium approach and the conditional distribution of the fractional Brownian motion are employed to price the CoCos. The explicit pricing formula for CoCos is derived through pricing barrier options and forwards. The results indicate that the long-range serial autocorrelation in price changes of the underlying stock has a significant influence on the values of the equity-related components of the CoCos since the maturity is usually large, though the autocorrelation is weak. The values of the barrier options are significantly affected by the long-range autocorrelation of the returns on the underlying stocks.
If Fuzhou New District wants to stand out in the construction of numerous national new districts against the strategic background of Chinese vigorously promoted "The Belt and Road Initiative", its development goal of strategic fulcrum in the construction must be clear. The paper puts forward the development strategy of Fuzhou New District according to Potter's theory of competitive advantage and the sustainable development theory. It also constructs decision analysis model through the analysis method of AHP, makes synthesis and quantitative evaluation of several construction schemes, and then puts forward the rationalized proposals of Fuzhou New District docking "the Belt and Road Initiative", such as focusing on financing, developing strategic emerging industries, introducing talents and promoting regional integration.
The ultra-hazardous liability of civil aircraft is stipulated by both General Principles of Civil Law and Tort Law. It is a controversial question on both theoretical and practice level as to whether the damage of air passengers is fallen into the scope of ultra-hazardous liability of civil aircraft clause. By analyzing from the perspective of systemic explanation method of law, policy stance behind the ultra-hazardous liability and nature of air carrier liability, it is concluded that only third party who sustained damage by the operation of civil aircraft shall be compensated according to the ultra-hazardous liability clauses. When dealing with the compensation of ground damage, conflicts may arise between Article 71 of Tort law and Article 157 of Civil Aviation Law. Since Article 71 of the Tort Law sustains basic change as to the constitution of liability, it shall prevail the application of Article 157 of Civil Aviation Law.
By sorting out documents and regulations on civil UAVs, we may know that our country establishes the fundamental principle that aircraft owners should be responsible for damage caused by civil UAVs. But considering the condition that the ownership and the authority of operation are usually separated, this paper proposed that multiple subjects should be adopted in the liability identification:firstly, the owner has the prior responsibility for damage caused by UAVs; Secondly, the operators and other responsible persons should bear the recovery or joint relationship according to different situations.
Air marshal and in-flight security staff have been deployed on Chinese civil aviation aircraft as a full-time security force for a long time. In recent years, the relevant law was constantly revised and improved, and occupational identity, legal status, qualification, responsibility and authority of the air marshal and in-flight security staff were all confirmed and normed. But in the practice of Chinese international airline business, there are some embarrassing dilemmas in abroad such as the routine duties of the air marshal and in-flight security staff and their disposition of cases. To find the key to the problems, the paper makes a comparative study on international law and domestic law in the aspects of legislation, standard and proposal. The research finds that there are differences on conception, status, responsibility and authority between the international law and the domestic law on the full-time security force. At last, combined with China's national conditions and reality, the paper puts forward improvement plans for both the responsibility and authority permission setting and international co-operation.
Under the influence of the avant-garde art movement in the early years of 20th century, French poet Guillaume Apollinaire and American poet E.E. Cummings both created a large number of image poems.The techniques of dismantling, reconstructing, and collage used in their works were obviously influenced by the cubism. Image poetry needs to motivate two different visual mechanisms of the readers, Lessing once pointed out that poetry and painting should be clearly defined, but the works by Apollinaire and Cummings are not simple character games, on the contrary, their literary value is also very high, which is mainly due to two aspects:the cubism emphasize interpretation and the works of the two poets did not give up the pursuit of the musicality and depth of poetry.
Based on feedback theories, the paper examines the effects of three types of feedback (machine feedback, peer review and teacher feedback) on the revision of university students' English argumentative essays. 127 students from a prestigious university in Beijing answered the questionnaires, 47 of whom were interviewed. The results showed that the three types of feedback had their own merits and drawbacks and differed from one another in such aspects as focus, levels of being specific and serious, speed and interaction, that they all could identify the strengths and weaknesses in writing and offered suggestions accordingly, and that teacher feedback was the most effective, followed by peer review and machine feedback.
Industrial Science (SI) is the mandatory subject for the students majoring in Physique, Sciences de l'Ingénieur (PSI) in preparatory school in France, and a reference to be considered when applying for Grand Ecole. The examination includes two independent sessions:lecture and practical work. During the four hours of practical work test, the candidates should focus on a specific topic, and finish the analysis, computation, simulation, test and oral presentation using the experimental devices. The mark will be given based on their ability of understanding and resolving complex industrial problem, and the ability of technical communication shown during the period of the test. This evaluation method was immigrated and applied in the SI experiments in our school for several years. It has been proved that the integrative ability of students on practical work can be evaluated effectively; the criteria of assessment can be a reference on the reform of the experiment courses and practical work evaluation.
Industrial Science (SI) is an obligatory course for engineering majors in French preparatory school. SI course is designed to train the students' abilities of resolving complex problems when facing the real industrial system. Practical work is the main segment of SI course with its teaching content and mode highly consistent with the training objectives of French engineer cultivation. This paper introduces the relationship between the theoretical and practical teaching content, training purpose, practical teaching mode, device characteristics, and so on. By comparing the practical teaching methods between Chinese and French system, some available and useful suggestions are given for the future reform on the engineer education system, especially the reform on the practical teaching.
French preparatory school plays an important role in the French engineering system. Industrial Science (SI) is one of the representative courses created during the French engineering education reform over the past twenty years. French preparatory system is briefly summarized, which helps us better understand the background of the birth of the Industrial Science course. The objective, the content and the organization of SI are presented in detail, particularly the important reform over these years, which shows the relationship between the education reform and the industrial development. Based on the experiences obtained in Sino-French Engineer School in Beihang University, the implementation, adaptation and future development of SI course in China are discussed, giving a reference to the reform of Chinese higher education system.