2019, Vol. 32 No.5
Publication date: 25 September 2019
In the past seventy years, the party diplomacy of the Communist Party of China(CPC) has experienced initial exploration and preliminary development in the early stage of the founding of New China, tortuous progress between the Eighth National Congress and the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, historical change in the early stage of Reform and Opening-up, all-round way development and deepening after Dramatic Changes of Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, leap-forward development and overall innovation at the beginning of the new century, theoretical innovation and practical development since the Eighteenth National Congress, which forms a comprehensive, multi-channel, wide-ranging and deep-leveled pattern of party diplomacy. The basic experience of party diplomacy of CPC in the past seventy years is to adhering to the principle of independence and autonomy, treating the ideological differences among political parties correctly, taking national interests as the core, promoting the continuous innovation of modes of party diplomacy.
The conception of cultural Confidence is a key to understand the construction of contemporary Chinese culture. It incorporates excellent Chinese traditional culture, revolutionary culture and advanced socialist culture into one framework of cultural narrative. The incorporation aims to settle "the quarrel of the ancients and the moderns" on Chinese culture narrative from the standpoint of the mainstream ideology, which would help "China" regain the integrity of history. On this basis, it is also an attempt to theoretically integrate the heterogeneous elements of contemporary Chinese culture, so as to find the greatest common divisor on cultural narrative.
Reviewing the historical process of the core values education in People's Republic of China has important reference significance for the education of core values in the New Era. From the early days of the founding of the People's Republic of China, the period of comprehensive socialist construction, the period of the Cultural Revolution, the new period of reform and opening-up, to the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics, the education of the core values of new China responded to the needs of the times and played an important role in cohering people's hearts and minds. New China's core values education is constantly concise and clear in its content. The focus is on youth, students and party members and cadres. The education ways developed from compulsoriness, indoctrination to practice cultivation. The concerns developed from the domestic to international environment. In the future, the key to core values education is to solve the problem of "internalization in the heart and externalization in the action". The education should always be in line with the needs of social development, continue to adhere to the direction of practice, and strive to cultivate value confidence, pay attention to the role of young people in the construction of value identity and the popular moral wisdom.
Taking the "2049 Plan" in 1999 as an important time node and flag event, the history of the construction of the citizen's scientific quality is divided into two periods. Compared the characters of the machine construction system, implementation channel, popularization content of science in different historical periods of citizen quality construction emphatically. It is proposed that it should be organized and implemented by a special institution as a national strategy, which provides a fundamental impetus system guarantee for our country's citizen quality construction. On the construction channels, we must adhere to the main channel of science education, and give full play to the role of popularization of science and communication of science at the same time, especially attach importance to the social power of popularization of science. In the main body of the construction, we must still adhere to the special attention to different groups and targeted promotion measures.
In the age of network information, communication methods are constantly upgraded. The General Provisions of Civil Law responds to this trend, Article 137 paragraph 2 sentence 2 determines whether the declaration of intent in the form of a data message is effective when there is no convention and the criterion for determining is "access to the relevant system". However, this rule does not fully apply to fax, e-mail, instant messaging tools, etc,and this rule is a little gruff. When interpreting this provision, we should re-use the traditional theory of effectiveness of a declaration of intent. First, the information carrier makes the declaration of intent physical, which is the standard for distinguishing between "conversation mode" and "non-conversation mode", declaration of intent without carrier and with carrier correspond to "non-conversation mode" and "non-conversation mode" respectively. Second, we should consider the reasonable allocation of trading risks. In special circumstances, we must adjust the theory of "reachingism" and "understanding". Third, we must take into account the factual elements and normative elements of "arrival" of the declaration of intent in the form of a data message and rule out situations that should not be considered arrivals under the "normal circumstances".
In the history of painting, there is no artist who constantly depicts himself in life time except Rembrandt. As the scholars who study Rembrandt tested, there are almost 100 Rembrandt's self-portraits, among which 50 paintings are oil paintings. Why Rembrandt draw so many self-portraits? Besides that, Rembrandt have not left much writings for the whole life. There is little letters and biographies. And he does not have any family inheritors like Michelangelo does. All about him is presented through his paintings. And all about himself is revealed and presented through his self-portraits.
Benjamin's film aesthetic theory is distinct from the other members of the Frankfurt School. He doesn't adopt the traditional aesthetical framework which is based on the idea that beyond or detach from reality. By deeply go through the spiritual world of modern people in which immersed in the short and fragmental "shock" experience, Benjamin disclose the significance that film brings to modern people, which lies in that, the camera cutting the image of reality and the montage can represent "shock" experience, the leisured way in which we consume movies will form the mental mechanism that the mass use for handling the daily shock, the experience that the mass watch a movie simultaneously will take the therapeutic effect in a psychoanalysis sense way. The analysis that Benjamin make on the specialties of modern film helps us confront the intrinsic change in the modern society and the art form generated in this society.
Chinese traditional aesthetics had a important feature of paying attention to the subject of human beings, and the Neo-Confucians in Song pay special attention to mental thinking. They inherited the Confucian tradition, attached great importance to their own realm and accomplishment, and formed a unique creative style. They advocated morality, had a sense of social responsibility, and got close to nature. More importantly, they attached importance to the cultivation of mind and personality, making their poetry both artistic and philosophical. This paper makes a comprehensive review of the aesthetic characteristics of this kind of poetry, which originates from its inner vitality.
Community is a place where residents are born and grow up. The function of community affects the well-being and quality of life of community residents. Therefore, "community governance" has been paid more and more attention by academia and government. In the community, community residents, government organs, non-profit organizations, enterprises, schools and other actors are gradually integrated community network organizations and thus to form a multilateral decision-making model. This essay begins with the analysis of the importance and concepts of community governance. Secondly, the author briefly analyses the four stages of community empowerment movement in Taiwan during past decades. Lastly, the author explores the following questions:What dilemma does community empowerment experience bring about? How to construct and consolidate the community governance mechanism so as to cohere the consensus of the community residents and solve all kinds of difficulties faced by the community?
Public cultural service, which is an important part of community Service, performs the cultural function of the government. Taking Fusi Community of Tiancun Road as the object of study, this paper reveals how to solve the "last mile" problems of cultural demands of old communities through government purchasing services and cultural autonomy model of "Supported by Government, promoted by enterprise, operated by society and participated by residents". It puts forwards that cultural development, as the breakthrough point, plays an exemplary role in community cooperative governance. By developing a new community partnership on the platform of community cultural activity center, it takes a step on the road of cooperative governance at the community level.
In recent years, the state has attached great importance to community governance, and has continuously introduced relevant policies to provide a good policy environment for community governance innovation. On the basis of sorting out 55 community governance innovation cases selected by the Ministry of Civil Affairs from 2013 to 2015, the theoretical framework and the analysis framework of innovation motivation of community governance are constructed on the basis of rational choice institutionalism and institutional change dynamics theory. According to the indirect motivation and the type of income, the community governance innovation is divided into six categories:pressure conduction type, rule of law protection type, demand response type, contradiction response type, resident promotion type and technology driven type, and analyze the related factors that promote community governance innovation from the perspectives of direct motivation and indirect motivation. The direct drivers include the pressure from local government competition and the increase of financial input, and the innovation of community governance can meet the increasingly diversified needs of community residents and solve the development problems of neighborhood offices and neighborhood committees, promote the stable development of society; indirect causes include the provisions of policy documents, the promotion of information technology and the development of community social organizations.
Learning orientation has an important effect on the new product market performance. However, there is no research discussing the internal mechanism between the two variables from open innovation perspective. Based on the organizational learning theory, this research proposes a conceptual model with the influencing mechanism of learning orientation on new product market performance, and the mediating variables of inbound open innovation and outbound open innovation. Using data from 125 service enterprises, the empirical results show that:Firstly, learning orientation positively influences inbound open innovation and outbound open innovation; Secondly, inbound open innovation and outbound open innovation positively influence new product market performance; Thirdly, market orientation positively moderates the relationship between learning orientation and inbound open innovation, while this moderating effect is not significant between learning orientation and outbound open innovation. These findings provide an important theoretical and practical contribution to the successful implementation of inbound and outbound open innovation and provide a theoretic and practical guidance for new product market performance.
According to the problem of dividend of listed companies, a comparative study was used to examine the relationship between the dividend policy and elite governance via CSMAR financial research database about A shares and A+H shares in China from 2008 to 2015. The results showed that the higher the proportion of the first largest shareholder of A shares in the sample is, the more companies tend to pay cash dividend, which indicates that concentration of ownership helps to reduce costs of agency in favor of the payment of cash dividend in mainland China. The concurrent appointment of chairman and general manager of listed companies has no significant effect on dividend payment. The price mechanism of Chinese stock market encourages companies to issue more dividends, which helps to explain the phenomenon that A shares are relatively higher than "A + H" shares in the initiative of the largest shareholders in dividend payment. The low-growth companies tend to issue dividends in order to attract more investors. The research conclusions of corporate governance and dividend distribution have important policy implications for the current Chinese capital market.
Narrative is a necessary way for entrepreneurs to obtain external resources.18 entrepreneurial narratives from the TV show "Winning in China" are selected as the research sample and the data is obtained by video encoding method. The effect of entrepreneurial narrative on the resources acquisition of new ventures is studied and the mediating mechanism of cognitive legitimacy is tested. The results show that preparedness and passion of entrepreneur narrative have significant effects on cognitive legitimacy, preparedness of entrepreneur narrative has positive influence on resource acquisition through the mediation mechanism of cognitive legitimacy. The passion of entrepreneurial narrative has no significant influence on resource acquisition.
China's international cooperation in space has made great progress since the reform and opening up, however, it has also derived alot of problems, especially at the level of the administrative system and regulations. The United Nations space treaties and the UN General Assembly resolutions provide basic principles on the international cooperation in space. China also issued some policy provisions and promulgated scattered laws and regulations on international cooperation in space. In order to further regulate and promote China's international cooperation in space, the proposed "Space Activities Act" should provide the relevant contents of international cooperation in the form of a special chapter. It should mainly clarify the basic position of China on international cooperation in space, clarify the administrative system of international cooperation in space, establish inter-ministerial coordination mechanism, formulate medium and long-term planning for international cooperation, co-ordinate management of international cooperation, as well as relax the technical cooperation and import&export control on aerospace products and technologies.
The paper adopts correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis to clarify factors on performance appraisal of college personnel training in China. Influencing factors such as school running concept, teaching staff quality, student quality, teaching contents, school environment, hardware facilities are analyzed. The results show that degree of knowledge acquisition is most related to the quality of students and the overall quality is most related to the idea of running a school. Self-learning ability is most relevant to the environment atmosphere and practice ability is most related to teaching content. This study reveals that universities, teachers and students are three main players affecting the personnel training performance of universities. The study shows the concept of running a school is a core factor that guides the performance of talent training in universities. The quality of teaching staff is the guarantee of personnel training performance. The teaching content, teaching method and hardware facilities are key to the training of personnel.
The national constitution of Japan is relatively unitary. However, it still takes a long time to achieve its national identity. In this process, Japan's national identity education has experienced from unified to equality in terms of paradigm, from indirection to direction in terms of model and from adoration to exceeding in terms of power. In that way, Japan national integration has been realized. Undoubtedly, it can be a useful experience for us in the future.
STEM (Science, Technology, Engineer and Mathematics)education has gradually become a critical component of talent strategic planning and national competitiveness development for each country. To identify domestic research status, distribution and focuses on STEM education research filed have been explored by mapping knowledge method and bibliometric method. It is found that domestic research on STEM education, yet with an incomplete research coordination network and less quality papers, has gained lots of achievements due to enthusiastic researchers increasing in recent decade, and also formed a foundation for domestic STEM system construction based on research of theory and policy, education and teaching practice, innovation education, and modern information technology application. To improve the quantity and quality of domestic STEM research, it is primary to establish partnership among researchers and institutes, optimize research methods, and explore international frontier issues.