2020, Vol. 33 No.2
Publication date: 25 March 2020
Since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, the strategic deployment of deepening the comprehensive and complementary reform of the judicial system and fully implementing the judicial responsibility system has been addressed; therefore, the juvenile courts face many new challenges, among which are the institutional adjustment, functional differentiation, etc. appeared with the gradual development of internal institutional reform. As a result, how to maintain the professional development direction and adhere to the characteristic severity of juvenile trial is an important challenge in the new era. Drawing on the existing problems, the top-level design, and taking the judicial practice of juvenile court in the B area as an example, this paper puts forward the "harmony in diversity" development model to strengthen the juvenile court construction. With respect to promoting the coordinated development and jointly improving juvenile and family trials, the structure of juvenile and family trial should be planned scientifically, the scope of accepting cases need to be clarified, and moreover, the juvenile and family trial's business scope, personnel allocation, and trial management standards should also be relatively independent from each other.
Juvenile cases have different ideas and principles from other cases. The juvenile justice is so special that it needs a multi-disciplinary dispute resolution mechanism. Administrative mediation is an important way for administrative agencies to participate in juvenile justice. Compared with the people's mediation and judicial mediation system, it is more professional, authoritative, and durable. In the criminal reconciliation legal system involving juvenile cases, policeman has the advantage of reaching a consensus. Mediation by civil servants involving juvenile civil cases can facilitate dispute resolution. China's current juvenile justice system does not pay enough attention to the function of administrative mediation. It is necessary to establish an administrative mediation center for disputes with juvenile cases under current juvenile justice system, integrate local administrative resources, converge excellent mediators, establish close relationships with the court, participate in the mediation of various juvenile cases send by the court, and also play a more active role in protecting the rights of minors outside the judicial system.
To establish a strong political authority and firmly maintain the authority of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee is an important content in Marx and Engels' view of scientific socialism authority. The Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th CPC Central Committee inherited the political authority thoughts of Marx and Engels, and creatively developed the scientific socialist authority view in combination with the new era conditions as well as the national conditions. The inheritance and development involve:inheriting and developing the thoughts of Marx and Engels concerning the key role of establishing effective political authority in consolidating the overall leadership of the ruling party; inheriting Marx and Engels' thoughts on the necessity of political authority to improve the effectiveness of national governance and creatively developing the effectiveness of national governance which would demonstrate and consolidate the political authority in turn; inheriting the dialectical analysis of Marx and Engels' analysis on the relationship between authority and autonomy, and creatively puts forward such relevant theory and system design as establishing and maintaining the authority of CPC Central Committee and dealing well with the relationship between the authority of CPC Central Committee and the autonomy of CPC organizations at all levels.
The system of core socialist values not only constitutes a kind of value consensus with a cluster of concepts, but also contains some sort of order of values. This order includes three aspects:the levels of evolution of the country as a kind of substantial existence based on historical logic, the life process of individuals as a kind of spiritual existence based on deductive logic, the interactive picture of citizens as a kind of social existence based on practical logic, which involve the chains of material-spirit, ends-means and collective-individual respectively. This order could be regarded as a theoretical response to the problem of value conflicts in the framework of core socialist values, and would be helpful for integrating them into the construction of rule of law and social governance.
With the proposition of "modernization of national governance" being put forward, the construction of CPC's governing ability is endowed with new connotation. Strengthening the construction of CPC's governing ability is not only the internal requirement for the modernization of national governance, but also the guarantee for its smooth advancement. From the perspective of modernization of national governance, CPC's governing ability is mainly reflected in the ability of optimizing governance objectives and innovating governance ideas, the ability of constructing governance system and building governance regulation, the ability of improving governance methods and implementing governance actions and so on. To promote the modernization of national governance, CPC should strengthen its ruling consciousness, improve the ideological leadership, enhance the governing ability at all levels, promote the standardization of CPC's system construction comprehensively, and establish the mechanism of keeping close contact with the masses and the regulating conflicts of interests.
Comparing the design and practice of the social governance system of the unit system period with the new era, this paper demonstrates the institutional confidence of the socialist system with Chinese characteristics through the methods of literature study and comparative research. The result shows that, on one hand, the advance of social governance system is based on the change of social principal contradiction; on the other hand, on the adherence to the party's leadership and "people-centered" in different periods. This conclusion provides theoretical and practical support for the institutional confidence of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Confucianism established the mainstream aesthetic consciousness of Song Dynasty flower and bird painting. Xuanhe Painting Manual pointed out that the significance of flower and bird painting lies in the maintenance of social ethics. The flower and bird painting of the Song Dynasty Royal Academy embodied the Confucian ethics of "three cardinal principles and five permanent principles". The popularity of Cheng Zhu's philosophy and the spirit of "knowing things by their nature" had led to a rigorous and meticulous style of flower and bird painting. Under the influence of Taoism, the Song Dynasty flower and bird painting field appeared the "ink flower and ink bird" school which replaced the color with ink. In Song Dynasty, Zen painting was very popular, with simple style and naive nature. However, it was criticized by the mainstream aesthetic consciousness of Song Dynasty, so it was on the edge.
Chinese traditional painting is an important component of Chinese excellent traditional culture which has gone through more than one thousand years. Still in the process of development and reformation, Chinese painting has rich and profound cultural tradition, philosophical and artistic principle, and image realm. We must adhere to the concept of continuity and expansion, deepen our cognition of the core of the Chinese traditional "painting ethics", carry forward the poetic wisdom and aesthetic ideals of the traditional painting's spirit, so as to achieve the Chinese traditional painting's contemporary value by promoting its creative transformation as well as innovative development.
The history of culture reveals that independence and stability, as well as motility and transmissibility, are indispensable element of a vital cultural paradigm. The communication of ideas of art implied the communication of culture. Both Arthur O. Lovejoy and Quentin Skinner treated ideas as "unit-idea" and "object", the system and context of which nevertheless fall into the shackle of the subject-object dualism. However, the concept of "Interaction Between the Mind and the Subject Matter" proposed by Chinese traditional culture unified the elements of culture, history and life in art.
The degree of population aging is deepening, and the pressure on the income and expenditure of basic pension insurance funds for urban workers is increasingly prominent at present. From the establishment of the basic endowment insurance system for urban employees, the central and local governments have been responsible for subsidies, and the scale of subsidies has been continuously expanded. Although the corresponding financial subsidies are constantly strengthening, there are still some problems. Based on the analysis of the current financial responsibility of pension insurance, this paper analyzes the problems of financial responsibility of China's pension insurance in combination with the experience of government financial responsibility of OECD countries, and provides corresponding policy recommendations for the financial responsibility of China's next pension insurance. We will improve and fully utilize the two central and local institutional mechanisms to establish a fair and sustainable social security system, promote equalization of basic public services, and better respond to the challenges posed by an aging society.
"Embedded" old-age service, as a new model of old-age service, fully combines the dual advantages of community home-based old-age service and institutional old-age service, and makes up for the shortcomings of both, so should become one of the important modes for social forces to establish old-age service. Based on SERVPERF model, this paper analyzes the satisfaction of the elderly in the "embedded" nursing home and its influencing factors. The study found that more than half of the elderly expressed dissatisfaction with the services provided by the "embedded" nursing home, and the factors affecting the satisfaction of the "embedded" nursing service mainly include the support degree of the pension service policy, the information facilities of the nursing home, the richness of the pension service content, the professional level of the pension service staff, the self-care ability, education level and pension level of the elderly. Therefore, in order to promote the vigorous development of the "embedded" nursing home and the reform process of the supply-side of pension services, this paper puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions, such as improving the "embedded" pension service policy, establishing the division and cooperation mechanism between the community and the "embedded" nursing home.
Major category enrollment is presently an important form of undergraduate enrollment and cultivation system for many colleges and universities in China. Beihang University has been implemented major category enrollment for arts and social sciences students since 2011. "Introduction to Social Security" is the core course for students major in public administration at Beihang University. The positive influence of major category enrollment on the teaching of "Introduction to Social Security" is that major category enrollment optimized the teaching resources allocation for the general courses before learning this course, and cultivated students' ability to examine the social security problems from multiple perspectives. However, the challenges of professional teaching "Introduction to Social Security" from major category enrollment are that some students lacked the rational ability to choose majors, parts of the students had insufficient knowledge reserves before studying "Introduction to Social Security", and students' professional skills and practical ability in social security was challenged. Therefore, it is necessary to take specific measures to reform the teaching method, teaching content, GPA performance assessment, teaching and learning effect feedback of "Introduction to Social Security" course in Beihang University with its major category enrollment background.
The article mainly studies the excellence and internationality of higher education, among whom, the international research on higher education is mainly carried out from the aspects of personnel mobility, mobility trend, quantity and quality of mobility, mobility ratio, and employability. The excellence of higher education is mainly discussed in terms of university rankings, international influence, and world-class universities. Through analysis of data on the movement of people in various countries in the world, it is shown that internationalization has not become a major tool for excellence in higher education. The data analysis also reveals the broader value of higher education internationalization, and the relationship and impact of higher education mobility and excellence.
With the establishment and development of higher education disciplines in various countries, comparative higher education has become one of the important disciplines. Although attracted widespread attention in recent years, international comparative higher education research still faces many challenges, which also provides more possibilities for exploration. Related issues in the field of comparative higher education can be divided into method issues, cooperation and communication issues, and knowledge issues. Based on the above issues, research can be carried out to discover the differences and commonalities of higher education in different education systems, and to promote research in the field of comparative higher education.
Long-term care insurance system is an important public policy arrangement to protect people's livelihood. The study found that there are many problems in the current long-term care insurance system in China, such as the conflict between value rationality and instrumental rationality, the lack of democracy in the system procedure, the new injustice of the system content, and the lack of people-oriented concept. In order to improve the fairness of the long-term care insurance system, it is suggested to coordinate the value rationality and instrumental rationality to improve the publicity of the system objectives, to perfect the democracy of the system procedure in the five-in-one system, to improve the fairness of the system content in the social equity security system, and to change the development thinking to improve the people-oriented system concept.
We first review the current round of Sino-US trade friction, and summarize relevant views of Chinese government and academia on this round of friction. On this basis, we then analyze the essence of Sino-US trade frictions, that is, under the background of profound changes in the global economic layout and international labor division, the United States comprehensively readjusts its foreign policies, while China is at a critical stage of economic restructuring and upgrading, the two largest economies of the world have to face and tackle a series of frictions and collisions between each other. Then we clarify some key concepts including exchange rate manipulation, industrial policy and dumping, especially the significance of these concepts to the Sino-US economic and trade relationships. Finally, we put forward some strategies to deal with the current round of friction.
University-owned enterprises in China rely on the advantages of their corresponding universities, and continuously develop in recent years with the support of a series of national policies.However, with the further development of the socialist market economy, there are certain problems in their development and management.This paper analyzed existing problems in current university-owned enterprises, elaborated that the goal of the system reform in the university-owned enterprise is to remain its original aspiration as the teaching and research function and keep such function as the main mission.Therefore, taking the exploration process of Beihang University in China as an example, this paper asserted the inevitability of promoting the reform within the platform of university assets managing companies, forecasted the possible problems in the reforming process with corresponding preliminary solutions and suggestions, and finally discussed the development of university-owned enterprises in the future.
Based on superior disciplines, Chinese universities presently coordinate with government with developed industries and construct coordination platform. These activities play an important role in promoting "Coordination Between Industry and Education", serving regional economy, as well as supporting "Double First-Class Initiative". In the process of University & Government Coordination, dispatched personnel are the important connection between university and regional government. Based on a survey among personnel in Beihang University, the results are:The expatriate willingness and UGC recognition degree have positive correlation. The influence factors of expatriate decision are career development, salary gains, security system and job location. It is suggested that the university should enhance the IGC understanding, improve the social security system, as well as implement humanistic care plan, in order to stimulate personnel's expatriate willingness.
With the globalization of economy, the pace of internationalization of education has accelerated, and it has continued to advance to the depth and breadth. The number of students participating in international education in China has risen year by year, and put forward higher requirements for international exchange guidance. Under the "Double First-Class" construction background, on the basis of combing and analyzing the current situation and the curriculumization requirements of international exchange guidance, the teaching elements of the international exchange guidance course was designed from the curriculum objectives, content structure, teaching assessment and course evaluation referring to the requirements of international talent quality and furthermore international exchange guidance courses should be implemented from the aspects of teaching organization, teacher team and system guarantee in universities.
With the economic globalization, internationalization has become an inevitable trend in the development of higher education and talent training. At the same time, the world's demand for international talent is increasing. This article analyzes a local international talent training model centering on teaching, scientific research and service exercised by X college of a university in Beijing, from four modules, i.e., international courses, overseas study, international research activities, and international teachers. Through a questionnaire survey for empirical analysis of the effect of international talent training, we identify that this model has favorable effect on international talent training, which involves motivating students' participation in English and Bilingual Courses, and their participation in overseas learning, strengthening the construction of introducing talents courses, the breadth and depth of participation in international competitions, the management of overseas projects of graduation projects, and enhancing the effective participation of international conferences.
Due to the value conflict between the neutral status of appraisal institutions and the beneficial oriented market, the marketization of the judicial identification's reform appears to be quite challenging. Meanwhile, the gaps in relevant legislation and the lack of supervision have all made money the priority of all, giving some accreditation bodies an opportunity to take advantage. Judical expertise institutions are profit-oriented, and make use of their own positions, in order to conduct unfair career paths, thus undermining the neutrality that the judicial appraisal institutions should maintain, and further seriously destroying the credibility of the judiciary. However, many scholars cannot get out of the knowledge of law for their research, resulting in the limited research ideas and perspectives. The reform of judicial identification is not only simply about the specification of the judicial identification itself, but also to establish a healthy market environment, as it is the basis for the sound development of the judicial identification industry. In terms of the market regulations, it is urgent for the judicial appraisal industry to integrate resources on the basis of demarcation of marketization and commercialization, and adjust the entry barriers and exit mechanism. Moreover, it is necessary to establish quality rating in the way of judicial appraisal classification management. In the aspect of legal regulation, the perfection of the judicial expertise evidence system is conducive to strengthen the connection between the judicial system and the appraisal system and reduce the asymmetric information transmission. The balance between the neutrality of judicial appraisal and marketization is more dependent on the enhancement of legislative supply, the enactment of the judicial appraisal law and the improvement of the regulatory system including the regulatory subject, mode, authority and responsibility.
The meta-analysis is a research method on research results. By using the meta-analysis and CSSCI index data from 1983 to 2013, rights conflicts are analyzed from 5 research dimensions:the sketch, paradigms, perspectives, methods and topics. Finally the following findings are given:There exists rights ranks. The borders between rights are uncertain. Rights conflicts are not pseudo-propositions. Studies of rights conflict run through legislation, law enforcement, judiciary and others. With the society development and science progress, the form and content of rights conflict are changing. Different conclusions can be drawn by means of different research paradigms.