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空间站乘员睡眠区二氧化碳聚集现象

付仕明 徐小平 李劲东 潘增富

付仕明, 徐小平, 李劲东, 等 . 空间站乘员睡眠区二氧化碳聚集现象[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2007, 33(05): 523-526.
引用本文: 付仕明, 徐小平, 李劲东, 等 . 空间站乘员睡眠区二氧化碳聚集现象[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2007, 33(05): 523-526.
Fu Shiming, Xu Xiaoping, Li Jindong, et al. Carbon dioxide accumulation of space station crew quarters[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2007, 33(05): 523-526. (in Chinese)
Citation: Fu Shiming, Xu Xiaoping, Li Jindong, et al. Carbon dioxide accumulation of space station crew quarters[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2007, 33(05): 523-526. (in Chinese)

空间站乘员睡眠区二氧化碳聚集现象

详细信息
    作者简介:

    付仕明(1978-),男,云南昆明人,博士生,castfushm@yahoo.com.cn.

  • 中图分类号: V 476.1; V 444.3; V 7

Carbon dioxide accumulation of space station crew quarters

  • 摘要: 为了分析乘员在没有良好通风的压力舱内停留时,呼出CO2的聚集过程并评估其可能导致的医学危害,建立了乘员在特定空间站睡眠舱的计算流体动力学模型,对乘员在睡眠区的呼吸过程进行了非稳态模拟.模拟中乘员的CO2呼出浓度和肺通气量根据生理实验随CO2吸入浓度变化.通过模拟给出了睡眠区典型位置处CO2分压随时间的变化规律.最后提出了无通风条件下乘员在睡眠区停留的最大容许时间,睡眠区CO2浓度监测仪的布置原则和类似情况下为保障乘员生命安全可采取的一些措施.

     

  • [1] 姬朝钥. 空间站舱内通风及分叉现象的研究 . 北京:清华大学工程力学系,2000:41-47 Ji Chaoyue. Invetigation of ventilation and bifurcation phenomenon in space station cabin . Beijing:Dept Engineering Projects, Tsinghua University, 2000:41-47 (in Chinese) [2] 徐小平,钟奇,范含林,等. 大型航天器舱内流动与传热传质集成分析[J]. 空间科学学报, 2004,24(4):295-301 Xu Xiaoping, Zhong Qi, Fan Hanlin, et al. Integrated flow heat and mass transfer analysis in large spacecraft [J]. Chinese Journal of Space Science, 2004,24(4):295-301 (in Chinese) [3] Chang H S, Zapata J L, Lin C H. Investigation of airflow and accumulation of carbon dioxide in the service module crew quarters . SAE2002-01-2341, 2002 [4] Chang H S, Smirnov E M, Lvanov N G, et al. Node 1 with advanced resistive exercise device computational fluid dynamics modeling . SAE2005-01-2798, 2005 [5] Chang H S, Dunaway B R, Smirnov E M, et al. Analysis of carbon dioxide concentration in the shuttle orbiter middeck for the launch on need (LON) mission . SAE2005-01-2799, 2005 [6] Chang H S , Turner E H , Smirnov E M , et al. Integrated computational fluid dynamics carbon dioxide concentration study for the international space station . SAE2005-01-2795, 2005 [7] 陈芝村,张丽军,周殿敏,等. 吸入不同浓度二氧化碳对肺通气功能影响的实验观察[J]. 生理学报. 1985,37(1):84-89 Chen Zhicun, Zhang Lijun, Zhou Dianmin, et al. Experimental observation of influence of inhalating different concentrations of CO2 on ventilatory function of the lungs[J]. Acta Physiologica Sinica, 1985, 37(1):84-89 (in Chinese) [8] 张汝果,徐国林. 航天生保医学[M]. 北京:国防工业出版社, 1999:25-28,37-41 Zhang Ruguo, Xu Guolin. Space life support medicine[M]. Beijing:National Defence Industry Press, 1999:25-28,37-41(in Chinese) [9] Wieland P O. Living together in space:the design and operation of the life support systems on the international space station . NASA/TM-1998-206956, 1998:22-34 [10] Rampini R, Lobascio C, Perry J L , et al. Offgassing characterization of the columbus laboratory module . SAE2005-01-2804,2005
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2006-07-05
  • 刊出日期:  2007-05-31

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