ISSN 1008-2204
CN 11-3979/C
李海平, 孙媛. 部际信用治理合作备忘录:性质、效力与优化[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报社会科学版. DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0795
引用本文: 李海平, 孙媛. 部际信用治理合作备忘录:性质、效力与优化[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报社会科学版. DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0795
LI Haiping, SUN Yuan. Memorandum of Cooperation about Credit Governance Inter-Ministerial: Legal Nature, Effectiveness and Optimization[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Social Sciences Edition. DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0795
Citation: LI Haiping, SUN Yuan. Memorandum of Cooperation about Credit Governance Inter-Ministerial: Legal Nature, Effectiveness and Optimization[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Social Sciences Edition. DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2021.0795

部际信用治理合作备忘录:性质、效力与优化

Memorandum of Cooperation about Credit Governance Inter-Ministerial: Legal Nature, Effectiveness and Optimization

  • 摘要: 合作备忘录是部际信用合作治理的重要方式。不同于行政规范性文件,合作备忘录既是公法协定中的部际协定,也是一种契约治理形态。合作备忘录遵循契约相对性一般原理,具有相对效力,但这种效力相对性也是相对的;出于科层制特有的权力结构与行政服从义务、信用立法不完善、保护个人利益等原因,其效力溢出至地方公权力主体和相对人。合作备忘录具有补充信用立法、强化行政协助、促进参与式治理等优势,也存在冲击法律体系、违反法律保留原则、规避监督、缺乏合作保障等缺陷,因而需从合法性、规范性、民主性等方面加以优化。

     

    Abstract: The memorandum of cooperation is an important way for inter-ministerial to govern credit. Different from administrative normative documents, a memorandum of cooperation is not only an inter-ministerial agreement in public law agreements, but also a form of contractual governance. The memorandum of cooperation follows the general principle of contract relativity and has the relativity of effectiveness, but this relativity of effectiveness is also relative; Based on the unique power structure and administrative obedience obligation of bureaucracy, imperfect credit legislation and the protection of personal interests, its effectiveness overflows to the subject and counterpart of local public power. The memorandum of cooperation has the functions of making up for the lack of credit legislation, improving the existing laws, strengthening administrative assistance and giving the traditional private subject more space to participate in governance. At the same time, it also has the defects of impacting the order of the legal system, violating the principle of legal reservation, evading the supervision mechanism and lacking a cooperation guarantee. In order to achieve the inter-ministerial credit cooperative governance objectives, the memorandum of cooperation should optimize its legality, standardization and democracy.

     

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