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基于风险预测的飞行安全操纵空间构建方法

李哲 徐浩军 薛源 裴彬彬

李哲, 徐浩军, 薛源, 等 . 基于风险预测的飞行安全操纵空间构建方法[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2018, 44(9): 1839-1849. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0686
引用本文: 李哲, 徐浩军, 薛源, 等 . 基于风险预测的飞行安全操纵空间构建方法[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2018, 44(9): 1839-1849. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0686
LI Zhe, XU Haojun, XUE Yuan, et al. Construction method of flight safety manipulation space based on risk prediction[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018, 44(9): 1839-1849. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0686(in Chinese)
Citation: LI Zhe, XU Haojun, XUE Yuan, et al. Construction method of flight safety manipulation space based on risk prediction[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018, 44(9): 1839-1849. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0686(in Chinese)

基于风险预测的飞行安全操纵空间构建方法

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0686
基金项目: 

民用飞机专项科研 MJ-2015-F-019

国家自然科学基金 61503406

国家“973”计划 2015CB755800

详细信息
    作者简介:

    李哲  男, 博士研究生。主要研究方向:飞行仿真与飞行安全

    徐浩军  男, 硕士, 教授, 博士生导师。主要研究方向:飞行品质、飞行安全与等离子体隐身

    通讯作者:

    徐浩军, E-mail:flight_simulation@163.com

  • 中图分类号: V212.1

Construction method of flight safety manipulation space based on risk prediction

Funds: 

Civil Aircraft Special Research MJ-2015-F-019

National Natural Science Foundation of China 61503406

National Basic Research Program of China 2015CB755800

More Information
  • 摘要:

    提高驾驶员在复杂气象环境和系统故障等条件下的情景感知能力是保障飞行安全的有力措施。基于人-机-环动力学仿真,综合计算操纵指令下预测时间段内多个飞行安全参数风险变化趋势,通过飞行安全参数风险度的叠加,得到该飞行情形下的飞行安全谱和飞行风险概率。通过并行仿真计算整个操纵空间内的飞行风险拓扑云图,构建飞行安全操纵空间,引导驾驶员正确操纵。分析了结冰环境下和舵面卡阻故障模式下的飞行安全操纵空间、事故机理和主要敏感参数。仿真结果表明,外部环境突变或突发系统故障可导致飞行安全操纵空间缩减甚至畸变。飞行安全操纵空间的提出可为驾驶员在复杂条件下的安全操纵提供直观全面的参考,提高驾驶员的情景感知能力,也可为事故演化提供可视化的分析方法。

     

  • 图 1  法向过载时变曲线及相应的风险色谱图

    Figure 1.  Time history and corresponding risk chromatogram for vertical overload

    图 2  某转弯指令情形下的飞行安全谱

    Figure 2.  Flight safety spectra under a certain turning instruction condition

    图 3  正常状态下飞行安全操纵空间

    Figure 3.  Flight safety manipulation space in normal state

    图 4  正常状态下飞行安全操纵窗口

    Figure 4.  Flight safety control windows in normal state

    图 5  对称结冰时的飞行安全操纵空间

    Figure 5.  Flight safety manipulation space under symmetric icing condition

    图 6  右侧机翼除冰系统故障时的飞行安全操纵空间

    Figure 6.  Flight safety manipulation space for right wing anti-icing device failure

    图 7  对称结冰时的飞行安全操纵窗口

    Figure 7.  Flight safety manipulation windows under symmetric icing condition

    图 8  右侧机翼除冰系统故障时的飞行安全操纵窗口

    Figure 8.  Flight safety manipulation windows for right wing anti-icing device failure

    图 9  结冰情形下典型状态点飞行安全谱

    Figure 9.  Flight safety spectra for typical state points under icing conditions

    图 10  方向舵面卡阻时的飞行安全操纵空间

    Figure 10.  Flight safety manipulation space under ruder jammed conditions

    图 11  方向舵面卡阻情形下典型状态点飞行安全谱

    Figure 11.  Flight safety spectra for typical state points under rudder jammed conditions

    表  1  安全相关的飞行参数色彩化区间实例

    Table  1.   Example for colored interval of safety related flight parameters

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-11-06
  • 录用日期:  2018-02-10
  • 刊出日期:  2018-09-20

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