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瞳孔直径检测管制疲劳的有效性分析

靳慧斌 于桂花 刘海波

靳慧斌, 于桂花, 刘海波等 . 瞳孔直径检测管制疲劳的有效性分析[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2018, 44(7): 1402-1407. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0553
引用本文: 靳慧斌, 于桂花, 刘海波等 . 瞳孔直径检测管制疲劳的有效性分析[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2018, 44(7): 1402-1407. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0553
JIN Huibin, YU Guihua, LIU Haiboet al. Effectiveness analysis of pupil diameter detection for air traffic controller's fatigue[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018, 44(7): 1402-1407. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0553(in Chinese)
Citation: JIN Huibin, YU Guihua, LIU Haiboet al. Effectiveness analysis of pupil diameter detection for air traffic controller's fatigue[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018, 44(7): 1402-1407. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0553(in Chinese)

瞳孔直径检测管制疲劳的有效性分析

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0553
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 U1333112

中国民航局安全能力专项资金 TMSA1434/1-2

中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金 3122014B007

详细信息
    作者简介:

    靳慧斌   男,博士,副研究员。主要研究方向:安全人机交互

    于桂花   女, 硕士研究生。主要研究方向:安全人机交互

    刘海波   男, 硕士研究生。主要研究方向:安全人机交互

    通讯作者:

    靳慧斌.E-mail:airhf207@163.com

  • 中图分类号: X949

Effectiveness analysis of pupil diameter detection for air traffic controller's fatigue

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China U1333112

Special Fund for Security Capacity of Civil Aviation Administration of China TMSA1434/1-2

the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities 3122014B007

More Information
  • 摘要:

    管制疲劳已成为影响民航安全的重大隐患,而准确地检测疲劳是进行疲劳预警、降低疲劳风险的重要手段。为了探讨瞳孔直径是否能有效地检测管制疲劳状态,利用模拟塔台管制软件和眼动仪搭建了实验平台,采集了被试的瞳孔数据和主观疲劳状态,通过分析不同航班流量下疲劳前后瞳孔直径的差异显著性以及变化趋势,探讨了瞳孔直径指标作为检测管制疲劳状态的有效性。研究结果表明:工作时间增大,被动疲劳增加,瞳孔直径减小;航班流量增大,主动疲劳增加,瞳孔直径增大;2种因素共同制约瞳孔直径的变化。通过受试者工作特征(ROC)曲线分析可得,瞳孔直径在0.47架次/min与0.9架次/min 2种不同航班流量下的ROC曲线下方面积(AUC值)分别为0.714和0.653,可以作为检测管制疲劳状态的参考指标。

     

  • 图 1  去噪效果对比

    Figure 1.  Denoising effect contrast

    图 2  各被试在A组和B组实验下瞳孔直径及其标准差变化

    Figure 2.  Pupil diameter and its standard deviation of subjects in group A and B

    图 3  各被试在A、B两组疲劳前后的瞳孔直径变化率

    Figure 3.  Rate of change of subjects' pupil diameter before and after fatigue in group A and B

    图 4  A组和B组瞳孔直径随时间变化散点图

    Figure 4.  Scattered plot of pupil diameters with time in group A and B

    图 5  瞳孔直径检测管制疲劳的ROC曲线

    Figure 5.  ROC curves of pupil diameter to detect air traffic controller's fatigue

    表  1  各被试疲劳前后瞳孔直径描述性统计

    Table  1.   Descriptive statistics of subjects' pupil diameter before and after fatigue

    被试编号 A组瞳孔直径/mm B组瞳孔直径/mm
    疲劳前 疲劳后 疲劳前 疲劳后
    1 5.57(0.39) 4.90 (0.42) 5.58 (0.40) 5.06(0.40)
    2 4.71(0.32) 4.00 (0.48) 4.74 (0.34) 4.30(0.37)
    4 4.95(0.35) 4.32 (0.41) 4.70 (0.33) 4.46(0.38)
    6 6.37(0.35) 5.85 (0.49) 6.00 (0.51) 5.72(0.42)
    7 6.06(0.37) 5.94 (0.45) 5.93 (0.51) 5.81(0.43)
    8 4.26(0.25) 4.05 (0.35) 4.27 (0.22) 4.17(0.22)
    10 4.80(0.32) 4.17 (0.35) 4.69 (0.35) 4.62(0.30)
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-08-31
  • 录用日期:  2017-12-04
  • 刊出日期:  2018-07-20

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