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舰载机弹射起飞影响因素分析及侧向控制律设计

吴文海 宋立廷 张杨 汪节 高丽

吴文海, 宋立廷, 张杨, 等 . 舰载机弹射起飞影响因素分析及侧向控制律设计[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2019, 45(4): 662-671. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0481
引用本文: 吴文海, 宋立廷, 张杨, 等 . 舰载机弹射起飞影响因素分析及侧向控制律设计[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2019, 45(4): 662-671. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0481
WU Wenhai, SONG Liting, ZHANG Yang, et al. Analysis of factors affecting catapult take-off of carrier aircraft and design of lateral control law[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2019, 45(4): 662-671. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0481(in Chinese)
Citation: WU Wenhai, SONG Liting, ZHANG Yang, et al. Analysis of factors affecting catapult take-off of carrier aircraft and design of lateral control law[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2019, 45(4): 662-671. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0481(in Chinese)

舰载机弹射起飞影响因素分析及侧向控制律设计

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0481
详细信息
    作者简介:

    吴文海 男, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师。主要研究方向:精确制导与飞行控制

    宋立廷 男, 硕士研究生。主要研究方向:飞行器智能制导技术

    通讯作者:

    吴文海, E-mail: 441211638@qq.com

  • 中图分类号: V212.13

Analysis of factors affecting catapult take-off of carrier aircraft and design of lateral control law

More Information
  • 摘要:

    针对舰载机弹射起飞安全性问题,对起飞过程中影响起飞安全的因素进行了详细分析,建立了舰载机离舰上升段的非线性六自由度运动模型,仿真研究了甲板的横摇、偏摆运动以及常值侧风干扰等因素对弹射起飞特性的影响。分析得出,对舰载机离舰后滚转和侧滑运动起主要影响的是甲板横摇运动和侧风干扰。设计了基于非线性动态逆方法的控制器以保留模型的非线性特征,实现对横侧向运动状态的解耦控制,效果更佳。仿真结果表明,设计的侧向控制律能够保证飞机的滚转角在离舰后3 s内满足不超过5°的安全准则要求,且不会因侧风干扰出现明显的侧滑现象,能够保证舰载机安全起飞。

     

  • 图 1  舰载机离舰上升段受力分析示意图

    Figure 1.  Schematic of force analysis of carrier aircraft in climbing phase after leaving ship

    图 2  侧风对于飞机侧滑角的影响示意图

    Figure 2.  Schematic of influence of crosswind on side-slip angle of aircraft

    图 3  滚转力矩影响因素分析

    Figure 3.  Analysis of factors affecting rolling moment

    图 4  偏航力矩影响因素分析

    Figure 4.  Analysis of factors affecting yaw moment

    图 5  弹射起飞非线性动态逆控制系统结构

    Figure 5.  Structure of catapult launch nonlinear dynamic inverse control system

    图 6  甲板运动对飞机离舰后运动状态的影响

    Figure 6.  Effect of deck motion on motion state of aircraft after leaving ship

    图 7  侧风干扰对飞机离舰后运动状态的影响

    Figure 7.  Effect of crosswind interference on motion state of aircraft after leaving ship

    图 8  不同风向的侧风对飞机离舰后运动状态的影响

    Figure 8.  Effect of crosswind with different wind directions on motion state of aircraft after leaving ship

    图 9  PID控制方法与非线性动态逆方法效果对比

    Figure 9.  Comparison of PID control method and nonlinear dynamic inverse method

    图 10  非线性动态逆控制律作用对飞机离舰后运动状态的影响

    Figure 10.  Effect of nonlinear dynamic inverse control law on motion state of aircraft after leaving ship

    图 11  非线性动态逆控制律作用下侧风干扰对飞机离舰后运动状态的影响

    Figure 11.  Effect of crosswind interference on motion state of aircraft after leaving ship under nonlinear dynamic inverse control law

    表  1  舰载机弹射起飞影响因素

    Table  1.   Factors affecting catapult take-off of carrier aircraft

    影响因素 影响指标
    纵向 起飞质量 末速度
    发动机推力 末速度
    弹射力 末速度
    甲板风 末速度
    前起落架突伸 起飞迎角
    平尾预置偏角 起飞迎角
    航母纵摇 下沉量
    地效作用 下沉量
    侧向 航母横摇 偏航角
    航母偏摆 侧滑角
    甲板风 侧滑角
    弹射道偏角 末速度
    初始定位偏心 末速度
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  某舰载机离舰时的初始角运动状态

    Table  2.   Initial angle motion state when a carrier aircraft is leaving ship

    工况 滚转角/
    (°)
    滚转角速度/
    ((°)·s-1)
    偏航角/
    (°)
    偏航角速度/
    ((°)·s-1)
    1 0 0 0 0
    2 4.3 1.98 0.3 0.13
    3 6.0 0.1 0.36 -0.04
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-08-16
  • 录用日期:  2018-10-15
  • 刊出日期:  2019-04-20

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