留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

航空用国产碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热特性

徐伟伟 文友谊 顾轶卓 李博 涂家祎 张佐光

徐伟伟, 文友谊, 顾轶卓, 等 . 航空用国产碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热特性[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2020, 46(1): 86-94. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0155
引用本文: 徐伟伟, 文友谊, 顾轶卓, 等 . 航空用国产碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热特性[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2020, 46(1): 86-94. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0155
XU Weiwei, WEN Youyi, GU Yizhuo, et al. Hygrothermal property of domestic carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composites for aeronautic application[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2020, 46(1): 86-94. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0155(in Chinese)
Citation: XU Weiwei, WEN Youyi, GU Yizhuo, et al. Hygrothermal property of domestic carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composites for aeronautic application[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2020, 46(1): 86-94. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0155(in Chinese)

航空用国产碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热特性

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2019.0155
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金 U1664250

详细信息
    作者简介:

    徐伟伟  男, 硕士, 工程师。主要研究方向:复合材料制造技术

    顾轶卓  男, 博士, 副教授。主要研究方向:树脂基复合材料

    通讯作者:

    顾轶卓,E-mail:benniegu@buaa.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: V258+.3;TB332

Hygrothermal property of domestic carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composites for aeronautic application

Funds: 

National Natural Science Foundation of China U1664250

More Information
  • 摘要:

    针对1种航空用国产T700级碳纤维和4种双马树脂(QY9611、5429、QY9512、QY8911-4),采用3种湿热条件(100℃水煮、70℃水浸、70℃/85%相对湿度)对其复合材料单向层板进行湿热处理,通过研究吸湿量、扩散系数、显微结构、化学成分、耐热温度及力学性能,分析了复合材料的湿热特性。结果表明,4种复合材料在3种湿热条件下的吸湿行为均符合Fick第二扩散定律,100℃水煮时平衡吸湿量和扩散系数最大,70℃/85%相对湿度时两者最小。4种复合材料吸湿速度有明显区别,这与其原材料形式和成型工艺不同有关。湿热处理未导致复合材料内部产生损伤和化学变化,主要引起增塑效应,导致玻璃化转变温度降低。复合材料的90°拉伸性能测试结果表明,高温和吸湿耦合作用下复合材料力学性能衰减更为明显,破坏模式由基体开裂转变为界面脱黏和开裂。

     

  • 图 1  不同湿热条件下4种T700级JH碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料单向层板的吸湿曲线

    Figure 1.  Moisture absorption curves of four kinds of T700-grade JH carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite unidirectional laminates under different hygrothermal conditions

    图 2  相同湿热条件下4种T700级JH碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料单向层板吸湿曲线

    Figure 2.  Moisture absorption curves of four kinds of T700-grade JH carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite unidirectional laminates under the same hygrothermal condition

    图 3  吸湿后复合材料单向层板100倍率金相照片

    Figure 3.  Metallographic photos of 100 times magnification of composite unidirectional laminates after moisture absorption

    图 4  吸湿后复合材料单向层板500倍率金相照片

    Figure 4.  Metallographic photos of 500 times magnification of composite unidirectional laminates after moisture absorption

    图 5  4种T700级JH碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料湿热处理前后红外光谱图对比

    Figure 5.  Comparison of infrared spectra of four kinds of T700-grade JH carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite before and after hygrothermal treatment

    图 6  70℃水浸前后23℃及150℃下4种T700级JH碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料90°拉伸性能

    Figure 6.  90° tensile property of four kinds of T700-grade JH carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite at 23℃ and 150℃ before and after 70℃ water immersion

    图 7  4种T700级JH碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料90°拉伸断面形貌

    Figure 7.  Fracture morphology of four kinds of T700-grade JH carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite after 90° tensile testing

    表  1  碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料单向层板基本信息

    Table  1.   Basic information of carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite unidirectional laminates

    规格种类 成型工艺 材料形式 生产厂家
    T700级JH碳纤维/QY9611树脂 热压罐 单向预浸料 中航复合材料有限责任公司
    T700级JH碳纤维/5429树脂 热压罐 单向预浸料
    T700级JH碳纤维/QY9512树脂 RFI(树脂膜熔渗) 单向织物+树脂膜
    T700级JH碳纤维/QY8911-4树脂 RTM(树脂传递模塑) 单向织物+树脂
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  不同湿热条件下4种T700级JH碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料平衡吸湿量和平衡时间

    Table  2.   Equilibrium moisture absorption content and balance time of four kinds of T700-grade JH carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite under different hygrothermal conditions

    处理方式 平衡吸湿量/% 平衡时间/h
    JH/QY8911-4 JH/QY9512 JH/5429 JH/QY9611
    100℃水煮 1.50 1.32 1.02 0.94 130
    70℃水浸 1.24 1.16 0.95 0.90 390
    70℃/85%相对湿度 0.86 0.81 0.70 0.61 ≤850
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  不同湿热条件下4种T700级JH碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料扩散系数

    Table  3.   Diffusion coefficient of four kinds of T700-grade JH carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite under different hygrothermal conditions

    材料体系 处理方式 Dz/(mm2·s-1)
    JH/QY9611 100℃水煮 1.68×10-6
    70℃水浸 8.86×10-7
    70℃/85%相对湿度 1.79×10-7
    JH/5429 100℃水煮 2.19×10-6
    70℃水浸 1.01×10-6
    70℃/85%相对湿度 3.15×10-7
    JH/QY9512 100℃水煮 2.23×10-6
    70℃水浸 9.78×10-7
    70℃/85%相对湿度 4.04×10-7
    JH/QY8911-4 100℃水煮 2.36×10-6
    70℃水浸 1.19×10-6
    70℃/85%相对湿度 2.03×10-7
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  4  复合材料层板纤维体积分数和孔隙率

    Table  4.   Fiber volume fraction and porosity of composite laminate

    材料体系 纤维体积分数/% 孔隙率/%
    JH/QY8911-4 60.49 0.11
    JH/QY9512 60.54 0.12
    JH/5429 64.93 0.11
    JH/QY9611 64.27 0.12
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  5  70℃水浸390 h前后4种T700级JH碳纤维/双马树脂复合材料玻璃化转变温度

    Table  5.   Glass transition temperature of four kinds of T700-grade JH carbon fiber/bismaleimide resin composite before and after 70℃ water immersion for 390 h

    材料体系 玻璃化转变温度/℃ 变化率/%
    干态 湿态
    JH/QY9611 236 184 28.3
    JH/5429 234 182 28.6
    JH/QY9512 235 202 16.3
    JH/QY8911-4 258 218 18.3
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 益小苏.复合材料手册[M].北京:化学工业出版社, 2009:424-430.

    YI X S.Composite materials handbook[M].Beijing:Chemical Industry Press, 2009:424-430(in Chinese).
    [2] 詹博文, 孙凌玉, 黄彬城, 等.车用复合材料螺旋弹簧的设计与优化[J].北京航空航天大学学报, 2018, 44(7):1520-1527. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0548

    ZHAN B W, SUN L Y, HUANG B C, et al.Design and optimization of automotive composite helical spring[J].Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018, 44(7):1520-1527(in Chinese). doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0548
    [3] PEI S, YAN Z, LUO Y, et al.Effect of temperature and cyclic hygrothermal aging on the interlaminar shear strength of carbon fiber/bismaleimide (BMI) composite[J].Materials & Design, 2011, 32(8):4341-4347. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261306911002627
    [4] JEDIDI J, JACQUEMIN F, VAUTRIN A.Design of accelerated hygrothermal cycles on polymer matrix composites in the case of a supersonic aircraft[J].Composite Structures, 2005, 68(4):429-437. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2004.04.009
    [5] YUICHIRO A, KEN Y, TAKASHI I.Effect of hygrothermal condition on compression after impact strength of CFRP laminates[J].Composites Science and Technology, 2008, 68(6):1376-1383. doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2007.11.015
    [6] JOLIFF Y, BELEC L, HEMAN M B, et al.Experimental analytical and numerical study of water diffusion in unidirectional composite materials-Interphase impact[J].Computational Materials Science, 2012, 64(4):141-145. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=14f58900410af35bd194f0928839da19
    [7] BAO L R, YEE A F.Effect of temperature on moisture absorption in a bismaleimide resin and its carbon fiber composites[J].Polymer, 2002, 43(14):3987-3997. doi: 10.1016/S0032-3861(02)00189-1
    [8] BAO L R, YEE A F.Moisture diffusion and hygrothermal aging in bismaleimide matrix carbon fiber composites-Part Ⅰ:Uni-weave composites[J].Composites Science and Technology, 2002, 62(16):2099-2110. doi: 10.1016/S0266-3538(02)00161-6
    [9] BAO L R, YEE A F.Moisture diffusion and hygrothermal aging in bismaleimide matrix carbon fiber composites-Part Ⅱ:Woven and hybrid composites[J].Composites Science and Technology, 2002, 62(16):2111-2119. doi: 10.1016/S0266-3538(02)00162-8
    [10] 冯青, 李敏, 顾轶卓, 等.不同湿热条件下碳纤维/环氧复合材料湿热性能实验研究[J].复合材料学报, 2010, 27(6):16-20. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=fhclxb201006003

    FENG Q, LI M, GU Y Z, et al.Experimental research on hygrothermal properties of carbon fiber/epoxy resin composite under different hygrothermal conditions[J].Acta Materiae Compositae Sinica, 2010, 27(6):16-20(in Chinese). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=fhclxb201006003
    [11] 齐磊, 李敏, 顾轶卓, 等.双马树脂复合材料湿热特性实验研究[J].航空学报, 2009, 30(12):2476-2480. doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6893.2009.12.034

    QI L, LI M, GU Y Z, et al.Experimental study on hygrothermal properties of several kinds of carbon fiber/BMI resin composites[J].Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica, 2009, 30(12):2476-2480(in Chinese). doi: 10.3321/j.issn:1000-6893.2009.12.034
    [12] 王迎芬, 彭公秋, 谢富原.国产T700级碳纤维/BMI复合材料湿热性能[J].材料科学与工艺, 2018, 26(3):16-22. http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=clkxygy201803003

    WANG Y F, PENG G Q, XIE F Y.Hygrothermal properties of domestic T700 carbon fiber/bismaleimide composites[J].Materials Science and Technology, 2018, 26(3):16-22(in Chinese). http://www.wanfangdata.com.cn/details/detail.do?_type=perio&id=clkxygy201803003
    [13] 封彤波, 肇研, 罗云烽, 等.循环湿热环境下碳纤维复合材料的界面性能[J].北京航空航天大学学报, 2010, 36(12):1427-1431. https://bhxb.buaa.edu.cn/CN/Y2010/V36/I12/1427

    FENG T B, ZHAO Y, LUO Y F, et al.Effect of cyclic hygrothermal environment on interfacial property of CCF300/BMI composites[J].Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2010, 36(12):1427-1431(in Chinese). https://bhxb.buaa.edu.cn/CN/Y2010/V36/I12/1427
    [14] 齐忠新, 燕瑛, 刘玉佳, 等.T300/QY8911单向板湿热性能模拟与损伤分析[J].北京航空航天大学学报, 2012, 38(7):947-952. https://bhxb.buaa.edu.cn/CN/Y2012/V/I7/947

    QI Z X, YAN Y, LIU Y J, et al.Hygrothermal properties simulation and damage analysis of T300/QY8911 unidirectional laminates[J].Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2012, 38(7):947-952(in Chinese). https://bhxb.buaa.edu.cn/CN/Y2012/V/I7/947
    [15] ANA P B, ANA P P, ERICK S G, et al.Accelerated aging effects on carbon fiber/epoxy composites[J].Composites Part B:Engineering, 2017, 110:298-306. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2016.11.004
    [16] CHOI H S, AHN K J, NAM J D, et al.Hygroscopic aspects of epoxy/carbon fiber composite laminates in aircraft environments[J].Composites Part A:Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2001, 32(5):709-720. doi: 10.1016/S1359-835X(00)00145-7
    [17] 中国航空工业总公司第六二三研究所.树脂基复合材料层合板湿热环境吸湿试验方法:HB 7401-96[S].北京:中国航空工业总公司, 1996:1-4.
    [18] ARNOLD J C, ALSTON S M, KORKEES F.An assessment of methods to determine the directional moisture diffusion coefficients of composite materials[J].Composites Part A:Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2013, 55:120-128. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesa.2013.08.012
    [19] ASTM Committee D30.Standard test method for moisture absorption properties and equilibrium conditioning of polymer matrix composite materials: ASTM D5229/D5229M-14[S].[S.l]: ASTM, 2014: 1-19.
    [20] ASTM Committee D30.Standard test method for tensile properties of polymer matrix composite materials: ASTM D 3039-2008[S].[S.l]: ASTM, 2008: 1-13.
  • 加载中
图(7) / 表(5)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  546
  • HTML全文浏览量:  2
  • PDF下载量:  1252
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-04-08
  • 录用日期:  2019-06-01
  • 刊出日期:  2020-01-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回
    常见问答