留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

2024铝合金浸镍层的制备及生长过程

高旭 陈海宁 韩东晓 刘慧丛 朱立群 李卫平

高旭, 陈海宁, 韩东晓, 等 . 2024铝合金浸镍层的制备及生长过程[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2021, 47(8): 1673-1678. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0260
引用本文: 高旭, 陈海宁, 韩东晓, 等 . 2024铝合金浸镍层的制备及生长过程[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2021, 47(8): 1673-1678. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0260
GAO Xu, CHEN Haining, HAN Dongxiao, et al. Preparation and growth processes of nickel-immersed coating on 2024 aluminum alloy[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2021, 47(8): 1673-1678. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0260(in Chinese)
Citation: GAO Xu, CHEN Haining, HAN Dongxiao, et al. Preparation and growth processes of nickel-immersed coating on 2024 aluminum alloy[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2021, 47(8): 1673-1678. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0260(in Chinese)

2024铝合金浸镍层的制备及生长过程

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0260
基金项目: 

国家重点研发计划 2018YFB2002000

国家自然科学基金 U1637204

国家自然科学基金 51971012

详细信息
    通讯作者:

    李卫平. E-mail: liweiping@buaa.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TG146.2

Preparation and growth processes of nickel-immersed coating on 2024 aluminum alloy

Funds: 

National Key R & D Program of China 2018YFB2002000

National Natural Science Foundation of China U1637204

National Natural Science Foundation of China 51971012

More Information
  • 摘要:

    利用磷酸的全面腐蚀特性和氯离子的活化作用,设计了磷酸-氯化镍浸镍反应体系,通过表面电位监测及微观形貌表征对不同磷酸浓度与反应温度下的浸镍过程进行分析。结果表明:磷酸浓度是影响浸镍层表面电位及微观形貌的关键因素,当磷酸浓度为25%,反应温度为30℃时,可制得化学性质稳定、包覆性良好且晶粒尺寸均匀的浸镍层。在此反应体系下,浸镍层在形核后通过球状方式叠层生长,在反应进行600 s后得到厚度约1 μm的浸镍层,其表面电位可达到-0.51 V左右。

     

  • 图 1  铝合金在A、B、C 3个体系中的表面电位变化规律

    Figure 1.  Surface potential variation rule of aluminum alloy in A, B and C systems

    图 2  不同反应温度与磷酸浓度下获得的浸镍层微观形貌

    Figure 2.  Morphology of nickel-immersed coating at different temperature and phosphoric acid concentration

    图 3  25%磷酸浓度下铝合金表面浸镍层生长过程

    Figure 3.  Growth process of nickel-immersed coating on aluminum alloy with 25% phosphoric acid concentration

    图 4  浸镍层截面形貌及Ni元素分布情况

    Figure 4.  Cross-section morphology and distribution of Ni element in nickel-immersed coating

    表  1  浸镍溶液成分及温度

    Table  1.   Composition and temperature of nickel-immersed solution

    分组 氯化镍浓度/(mol·L-1) 磷酸体积百分比 沉积温度/℃
    A 1 40 40
    30
    20
    B 1 25 40
    30
    20
    C 1 10 40
    30
    20
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] LU Y, LIANG Q, XUE L. Electroless nickel deposition on silane modified bamboo fabric through silver, copper or nickel activation[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2012, 206(17): 3639-3644. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S025789721200182X
    [2] NIWA D, TAKANO N, YAMADA T, et al. Nickel electroless deposition process on chemically pretreated Si(100) wafers in aqueous alkaline solution[J]. Electrochimica Acta, 2003, 48(9): 1295-1300. doi: 10.1016/S0013-4686(02)00838-1
    [3] CHEONG W J, LUAN B L, SHOESMITH D W. Protective coating on Mg AZ91D alloy-The effect of electroless nickel (EN) bath stabilizers on corrosion behaviour of Ni-P deposit[J]. Corrosion Science, 2007, 49(4): 1777-1798. doi: 10.1016/j.corsci.2006.08.025
    [4] 李立明, 胡文彬, 罗守福, 等. 难镀基材化学镀镍[J]. 电镀与环保, 2002, 22(3): 13-17. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-4742.2002.03.005

    LI L M, HU W B, LUO S F, et al. Electroless nickel plating on difficult-to-plate substrates[J]. Electroplating & Pollution Control, 2002, 22(3): 13-17(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-4742.2002.03.005
    [5] XIAO C W, JIA B W, XIAO M Z, et al. Study on the development of pretreatment processes of electroless nickel plating on Al alloy surface[J]. Materials Science Forum, 2015, 809: 412-418. http://smartsearch.nstl.gov.cn/paper_detail.html?id=305b2695d0098ac1d2625d968d646e54
    [6] 黄晓梅, 李宁, 蒋丽敏, 等. 铝及铝合金电镀的浸锌工艺[J]. 电镀与环保, 2005, 25(2): 1-4. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-4742.2005.02.001

    HUANG X M, LI N, JIANG L M, et al. Zincation for aluminum and its alloys plating[J]. Electroplating & Pollution Control, 2005, 25(2): 1-4(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-4742.2005.02.001
    [7] HINO M, KOJI M, YUTAKA M, et al. Effects of zincate treatment on adhesion of electroless Ni-P coating onto various aluminum alloys[J]. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, 2009, 19(4): 814-818. doi: 10.1016/S1003-6326(08)60356-8
    [8] 章小鸽. 锌和锌合金的腐蚀(Ⅰ)[J]. 腐蚀与防护, 2006, 27(1): 41-50. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-FSYF200601012.htm

    ZHANG X G. Corrosion of zinc and zinc alloys(Ⅰ)[J]. Corrosion and Protection, 2006, 27(1): 41-50(in Chinese). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-FSYF200601012.htm
    [9] 陈宇, 吕广庶, 蔡刚毅. 铝合金化学镀镍前处理工艺及镀液稳定性研究[J]. 电镀与涂饰, 2007, 26(6): 18-22. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-227X.2007.06.006

    CHEN Y, LV G Z, CAI G Y. Pretreatment of aluminum alloy for electroless nickel plation and study of bath stability[J]. Electroplating & Finishing, 2007, 26(6): 18-22(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-227X.2007.06.006
    [10] YANG Y, WU H. Microstructure and microhardness of tempered Ni-Al alloyed layer[J]. Journal of Materials Science & Technology, 2012, 28(10): 937-940. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1005030212601546
    [11] TAKÁCS D, SZIRÁKI L, TÖRÖK T I, et al. Effects of pre-treatments on the corrosion properties of electroless Ni-P layers deposited on AlMg2 alloy[J]. Surface & Coatings Technology, 2007, 201(8): 4526-4535. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0257897206010474
    [12] 孙硕, 宋贡生, 马正华. 铝基化学镀镍浸镍前处理的研究进展[J]. 表面技术, 2015, 44(11): 21-28. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-BMJS201511004.htm

    SUN S, SONG G S, MA Z H. Development of nickel immersion pretreatment of electroless nickel plating on Al alloy surface[J]. Surface Technology, 2015, 44(11): 21-28(in Chinese). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-BMJS201511004.htm
    [13] MOHAN K S, PRAMOD R, SHASHI M E, et al. Evaluation of fracture toughness and mechanical properties of aluminum alloy 7075, T6 with nickel coating[J]. Procedia Engineering, 2014, 97: 178-185. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.240
    [14] BEYGI H, VAFAEENEZHAD H, SAJJADI S A, et al. Modeling the electroless nickel deposition on aluminum nanoparticles[J]. Applied Surface Science, 2012, 258(19): 7744-7750. doi: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2012.04.132
    [15] 尹国光, 潘小芳, 陈延民, 等. 铝合金化学镀镍工艺研究[J]. 材料保护, 2004, 37(1): 30-32. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1560.2004.01.011

    YIN G G, PAN X F, CHEN Y M, et al. Electroless nickel plating technology for aluminum alloys[J]. Journal of Materials Protection, 2004, 37(1): 30-32(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-1560.2004.01.011
    [16] 张素银, 杜凯, 谌加军, 等. 电解抛光技术研究进展[J]. 电镀与涂饰, 2007, 26(2): 48-51. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-227X.2007.02.014

    ZHANG S Y, DU K, CHEN J J, et al. Research progress of electropolishing technology[J]. Electroplatting & Finishing, 2007, 26(2): 48-51(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-227X.2007.02.014
    [17] 焦树强, 周海晖, 陈金华, 等. 铝及铝合金的表面抛光[J]. 电镀与涂饰, 2001, 20(6): 32-35. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-227X.2001.06.011

    JIAO S Q, ZHOU H H, CHEN J H, et al. Surface polishing for aluminum and its alloy[J]. Electroplatting & Finishing, 2001, 20(6): 32-35(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-227X.2001.06.011
    [18] 何庆庆, 龚列谦, 易永利, 等. KI体系下制备纯银镀层和纯银/银石墨复合镀层的性能[J]. 腐蚀与防护, 2018, 39(4): 253-257. https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-FSYF201804002.htm

    HE Q Q, GONG L Q, YI Y L, et al. Properties of pure silver coating and pure silver/silver-graphite composite coating prepared in KI system[J]. Corrosion and Protection, 2018, 39(4): 253-257(in Chinese). https://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-FSYF201804002.htm
    [19] SUDAGAR J, VENKATESWARLU K, LIAN J. Dry sliding wear properties of a 7075-T6 aluminum alloy coated with Ni-P (h) in different pretreatment condition[J]. Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 2009, 19(6): 810-818. doi: 10.1007/s11665-009-9545-0
    [20] DAROSA C P. Dynamics and mechanism of copper deposition onto silicon by galvanic displacement[D]. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 2007: 244-250.
    [21] BARD A J, FAULKNER L R. Electrochemical methods: Fundamentals and applications[M]. New York: Wiley, 2003: 60.
    [22] 杨丽坤, 杨防祖, 田中群, 等. 铝表面前处理及化学沉积镍初期行为[J]. 物理化学学报, 2012, 28(2): 414-420. doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201112011

    YANG L K, YANG F Z, TIAN Z Q, et al. Initial behavior of the electroless nickel deposition on pretreated aluminum[J]. Acta Physico-Chimica Sinica, 2012, 28(2): 414-420(in Chinese). doi: 10.3866/PKU.WHXB201112011
  • 加载中
图(4) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  133
  • HTML全文浏览量:  2
  • PDF下载量:  16
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2020-06-12
  • 录用日期:  2020-09-04
  • 刊出日期:  2021-08-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回
    常见问答