北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 24-30.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0087

• 公共政策与治理 • 上一篇    下一篇

邻避冲突主体间认知差异评估框架与建构方法——基于模糊德尔菲法的综合运用

杨拓   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 公共管理学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-13 出版日期:2015-03-25 发布日期:2015-04-23
  • 作者简介:杨拓(1988- ),男,河北邢台人,博士研究生,研究方向为公共政策、邻避冲突治理.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学基金重大资助项目(11&ZD173);国家社会科学基金重点资助项目(11AGL009)

Assessment Framework and Construction Methods on NIMBY Cognitive Differences among the Main Conflict Subjects: Based on Using Fuzzy Delphi Method

Yang Tuo   

  1. School of Public Administration, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2014-03-13 Online:2015-03-25 Published:2015-04-23

摘要:

邻避冲突行为主体间的认知差异不仅影响周边民众的行为意向,还直接影响其行为动作。采用模糊德尔菲法,以公众参与、利益补偿、信息公开和风险防范为研究基础,建构邻避冲突行为主体间认知差异评估框架。该评估框架能有效弥补因语义认知差异而产生的评估缺陷,较为完整地表达专家意见,使评估结果更具客观性和稳定性,为揭示不同行为主体对邻避冲突应对策略上的认知态度、寻求不同化解策略在周边民众的真实反映奠定了基础。

关键词: 邻避设施, 风险评估, 认知差异, 专家评判, 模糊德尔菲法

Abstract:

NIMBY conflicts are triggered by inappropriate compensation or poor communication superficially, but deep down they are caused by cognitive bias among government officials, experts, and the public involved in the policy. This bias not only affects surrounding publics' behavioral intentions but also their direct actions. Existing literature mainly focuses on the origin, causes and coping strategies of NIMBY conflicts with little emphasis on the cognitive differences among the different conflict subjects. With the application of fuzzy Delphi method to construct a set of assessment framework, the study tries to reveal the different subjects' attitudes on NIMBY cognitive strategies and seek true reflection of the surrounding publics.

Key words: NIMBY, risk assessment, cognitive differences, expert judgment, Fuzzy Delphi Method

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