北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 36-43.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0384

• 航空法与外层空间法 • 上一篇    下一篇

规制空间碎片致损责任之国际制度分析

苏惠芳   

  1. 内蒙古科技大学包头师范学院 政治与法律学院, 内蒙古 包头 014030
  • 收稿日期:2014-08-11 出版日期:2015-03-25 发布日期:2015-04-23
  • 作者简介:苏惠芳 (1977- ),女,河北张家口人,讲师,硕士,研究方向为外层空间法,国际私法.
  • 基金资助:

    国家社会科学青年基金资助项目(12CFX09)

Analyzing the Sources of International Law of Liability for Damage Caused by Space Debris

Su Huifang   

  1. Political and Law Institute, Baotou Normal Teachers College Inner Mongolia Science and Technology University, Baotou Neimenggu 014030, China
  • Received:2014-08-11 Online:2015-03-25 Published:2015-04-23

摘要:

随着各国外层空间活动的频繁,空间碎片造成损害的几率也在不断增加,因此,研究有关空间碎片致损责任的国际制度,为有效地规制外空活动、救济受害者奠定了法律基础。通过系统地对空间碎片致损责任涉及的各类国际法渊源进行研究,发现虽然没有专门的国际法规制空间碎片致损责任,但根据空间碎片与空间物体以及外空活动的密切关系,与后者相关的国际制度可以适用于调整空间碎片致损责任。此外,在适用这些国际规则出现冲突时或无法协调时,可适用特别法优于一般法原则来解决。

关键词: 空间碎片, 国际制度, 规范冲突, 特别国际法, 一般国际法

Abstract:

With frequent activities of various countries in the outer space, the probability of damage caused by space debris is also increasing, which lays a legal foundation for the research on the international regime of liability of the damage for the effective regulation of outer space activities and the relief of victims. By analyzing the various types of sources of international law relating to the liability, it is found that though there is no specific law for the regulation, according to the close relationship with space objects and activities in outer space, the international system concerned can be used to the liability of the damage caused by the space debris. And the maxim lex specialis derogat legi generali is a generally accepted rule of interpretation and conflict resolution.

Key words: space debris, sources of international law, norms conflict, special international law, general international law

中图分类号: