北京航空航天大学学报(社会科学版) ›› 2015, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (4): 41-47,90.DOI: 10.13766/j.bhsk.1008-2204.2014.0550

• 本期特约专家稿件 • 上一篇    下一篇

论航天搭载物的知识产权保护

蔡高强, 刘功奇   

  1. 湘潭大学 法学院, 湖南 湘潭 411105
  • 收稿日期:2014-10-24 出版日期:2015-07-25 发布日期:2015-07-23
  • 作者简介:蔡高强(1967—),男,湖南益阳人,教授,博士,研究方向为国际法、国际经济法.

Protection of Spaceflight Objects Intellectual Property

Cai Gaoqiang, Liu Gongqi   

  1. Law School, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan Hunan 411105, China
  • Received:2014-10-24 Online:2015-07-25 Published:2015-07-23

摘要:

目前,航天搭载物实验已从早期的纯科学研究向民用、商业化方向发展,并且呈现出国际合作的新特点。而航天搭载物知识产权在授予条件、申请主体等诸多方面面临着困境,现有知识产权保护的法律规则,在适用于航天搭载物时需要作出新的解释。为鼓励各类实体积极从事外空研究与开发,各国应在外空条约的基础上制定双边或多边协定,并且借鉴美国、加拿大等国的立法经验完善国内立法;各国应就制定航天活动知识产权保护国际公约,加强国际磋商与合作,以适应外空活动商业化、主体多元化的发展要求。

关键词: 航天搭载物, 知识产权保护, 授予条件, 申请主体, 国际公约, 和平利用太空

Abstract:

With the rapid development of aerospace science and technology, the research and exploration to the outer space is getting deeper and broader in various countries.Space flight experiment has developed from a pure scientific research in early years to applications in both civil and commercial areas.International cooperation has become a new trend of the experiment.Strengthening the intellectual property protection of spaceflight objects is becoming more and more important.However, the intellectual property of spaceflight objects is facing a dilemma in granting conditions and entities of application.The existing rule of law of the intellectual property protection needsa new explanationwhen applied to spaceflight objects. To encourage all kinds of entities to be engaged in outer space research and development, international community should formulate bilateral or multilateral agreements on the basis of Outer Space Treaty. Countries should use the legislative experience of the United States and Canada to further develop their domestic legislation. They should also strengthen international cooperation in formulatinginternational conventions to protect intellectual property of space activities.

Key words: spaceflight objects, intellectual property protection, grant conditions, entities of application, international convention, peaceful use of space

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