With the development of in-depth reform of higher education, it is an inevitable choice that universities should actively engage college students in the internal governance. The study found that college students' involvement in the internal governance has a legal basis and practical background of reality. Based on questionnaires and field interviews, the paper analyzes the situation of student participation in internal governance and the constraints of the educational philosophy, rules and regulations and participation mechanisms. Effective student participation is helpful for the institutional improvement of modern university system. The paper explores student participation from five perspectives: changing the concept of university education, creating an inclusive and democratic environment, promoting the process of the rule of law in the college, promoting the construction of university prospectus and improving and perfect the participatory mechanisms.