北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (8): 1509-1516.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0595

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于振动声调制的板类结构裂纹定位成像

杨晓华1, 刘学君1, 张玎1, 辛志东2   

  1. 1. 海军航空工程学院青岛校区航空机械系, 青岛 266041;
    2. 中航飞机股份有限公司研发中心, 汉中 723000
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-13 修回日期:2016-08-11 出版日期:2017-08-20 发布日期:2016-10-17
  • 通讯作者: 杨晓华 E-mail:13964889511@163.com
  • 作者简介:杨晓华,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:飞机结构寿命评定、结构腐蚀疲劳;刘学君,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:飞机结构寿命评定、飞机结构健康监测。
  • 基金资助:
    总装"十二五"预研项目(143092015)

Localization and imaging of crack damage in plate-like structures based on vibro-acousic modulation

YANG Xiaohua1, LIU Xuejun1, ZHANG Ding1, XIN Zhidong2   

  1. 1. Department of Aviation Mechanism, Qingdao Branch, Naval Aeronautical and Astronautical University, Qingdao 266041, China;
    2. R & D Center, AVIC Aircraft Co., Ltd., Hanzhong 723000, China
  • Received:2016-07-13 Revised:2016-08-11 Online:2017-08-20 Published:2016-10-17
  • Supported by:
    General Armament Department 12th Five-Year Plan Advanced Research Fund Projects (143092015)

摘要: 针对线性Lamb波在监测闭合裂纹及微裂纹方面的不足,基于振动声调制理论,提出了一套板类结构中裂纹损伤定位方法。通过分析仅有高频(HF)激励和高低频(HF和LF)同时激励时,声波在含裂纹结构中的传播路径及其信号成分组成,提出了一种含损伤信息信号的提取技术,继而结合延时叠加算法,参考有基准的线性Lamb波损伤定位方法,对板类结构中的疲劳裂纹进行了定位成像。试验证明,该方法可在无需原始健康基准信号的前提下,有效定位出平板结构中的疲劳裂纹,为结构中接触类损伤的定位成像提供了思路。

关键词: 振动声调制, 结构健康监测, 延时叠加算法, Lamb波, 疲劳裂纹监测

Abstract: To overcome the shortcomings of linear Lamb waves in closed crack and micro crack monitoring, a imaging method of crack damage localization in plate-like structure based on vibro-acoustic modulation theory and delay and sum algorithm is proposed. The signal components of acoustic wave are analyzed in the crack structure when there is only high-frequency (HF) excitation and there are low-frequency (LF) and HF excitation at the same time. And then, a signal extraction technology is put forward to extract the signal containing damage information. Fatigue crack is located and imaged in plate-like structure based on delay and sum algorithm referring to linear Lamb wave damage localization method. Experiments prove that the proposed method can locate the crack position effectively without the original health reference signal, which provides a way for contact-like damage localization and imaging.

Key words: vibro-acoustic modulation, structure health monitoring, delay and sum algorithm, Lamb wave, fatigue crack monitoring

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