北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (12): 2613-2620.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0264

• 宇航科学与工程 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于代理模型的空间飞越发射窗口

向开恒, 李人杰, 陈杨   

  1. 1. 航天科工空间工程发展有限公司, 北京 100854;
    2. 北京电子工程总体研究所, 北京 100854
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-08 修回日期:2018-07-28 出版日期:2018-12-20 发布日期:2018-12-28
  • 通讯作者: 向开恒 E-mail:xiangkaiheng@spacechina.com
  • 作者简介:向开恒,男,博士,研究员,博士生导师。主要研究方向:航天器总体设计、航天器轨道动力学与控制;李人杰,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:航天器轨道动力学与控制;陈杨,男,博士,高级工程师。主要研究方向:航天器轨道动力学与控制。

Launch window of space fly-by based on surrogate model

XIANG Kaiheng, LI Renjie, CHEN Yang   

  1. 1. CASIC Space Engineering Development Co., Ltd., Beijing 100854, China;
    2. Beijing Institute of Electronic System Engineering, Beijing 100854, China
  • Received:2018-05-08 Revised:2018-07-28 Online:2018-12-20 Published:2018-12-28

摘要: 为了高效地分析空间飞越过程中航天器的初始位置对发射窗口的影响,研究了空间飞越任务流程,提出了不同初始条件下发射窗口的数值计算方法。在此基础上,为提高计算效率,研究了代理模型技术,包括样本点选取方法、代理模型构造方法和精度校验方法。对比分析了径向基函数(RBF)模型和Kriging模型,结果证明前者精度更高。使用RBF模型对不同初始条件下的发射窗口进行计算,耗时仅为使用真实模型时的0.29%,且精度校验满足要求,表明代理模型可以快速有效地分析初始条件对发射窗口的影响,为空间飞越轨道规划与设计提供理论依据和参考。

关键词: 空间飞越, 发射窗口, 代理模型, 试验设计, 径向基函数(RBF)

Abstract: In order to analyze the influence of initial positions on the launch window in space fly-by problem efficiently, the process of space fly-by was studied firstly in this paper. Then, a numerical method to calculate the launch window under different initial conditions was proposed. For improving calculation efficiency, surrogate model technology was studied, including sample points selection methods, surrogate models construction methods, and accuracy assessment methods. On the basis, two models, radial basis function (RBF) model and Kriging model, were compared. The results show that RBF model is more accurate for the problem in this paper. So it was applied to calculate launch windows under different conditions, which costs only 0.29% of the time that the true model costs, and the accuracy meets requirement. The results prove that using surrogate models can efficiently analyze the influence of initial conditions on the launch window, which will provide valuable theoretical foundation and reference for the orbital planning and design of space fly-by missions.

Key words: space fly-by, launch window, surrogate model, design of tests, radial basis function (RBF)

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