北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 47 ›› Issue (5): 1058-1067.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2020.0090

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

拒止环境下基于“忠诚僚机”的护航策略

田磊1,2, 赵启伦3, 董希旺1,2,4, 李清东1,2, 吕金虎1,2,4, 任章1,2,4   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 自动化科学与电气工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航空航天大学 飞行器控制一体化技术国防科技重点实验室, 北京 100083;
    3. 北京电子工程总体研究所, 北京 100854;
    4. 北京航空航天大学 大数据科学与脑机智能高精尖创新中心, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-12 发布日期:2021-05-28
  • 通讯作者: 董希旺 E-mail:xwdong@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:田磊,男,硕士,助理工程师。主要研究方向:多智能体系统协同控制方法及其应用;赵启伦,男,博士,工程师。主要研究方向:协同制导与协同控制;董希旺,男,博士,教授。主要研究方向:一致性控制、编队控制、合围控制及其应用;李清东,男,博士,高级工程师。主要研究方向:飞行器故障诊断及飞行器控制、制导、导航;吕金虎,男,博士,教授。主要研究方向:智能系统、协同控制理论与技术、复杂网络与大数据、非线性电路与系统等;任章,男,博士,教授。主要研究方向:控制理论与应用及飞行器控制、制导、导航与仿真。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61922008,61973013,61873011,61803014);国防创新特区项目(18-163-00-TS-001-001-34);北京市自然科学基金(4182035);航空科学基金(20170151001)

Escort strategy based on loyal wingman in denial environment

TIAN Lei1,2, ZHAO Qilun3, DONG Xiwang1,2,4, LI Qingdong1,2, LYU Jinhu1,2,4, REN Zhang1,2,4   

  1. 1. School of Automation Science and Electrical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Science and Technology on Aircraft Control Laboratory, Beihang University, Beijing 100083;
    3. Beijing Institute of Electronic System Engineering, Beijing 100854;
    4. Advanced Innovation Center for Big Data and Brain Computing, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2020-03-12 Published:2021-05-28

摘要: 护航策略一直是各军事大国的重点研究内容之一,拒止环境具有强电磁干扰、强对抗博弈等特点,进而对护航策略提出了更高的要求。提出了一种基于分布式时变编队跟踪控制方法的护航策略,该策略中由高成本长机探测到敌方来袭导弹,在进行规避的同时,释放多个低成本僚机担任“忠诚僚机”。采用时变编队跟踪的控制方法,使僚机始终处于长机与敌方来袭导弹的视线轴上,必要时牺牲僚机以保全长机。针对敌方来袭导弹的方位角是全局信息,设计了分布式观测器对其进行估计。在拒止环境下,复杂电磁干扰带来通信时断时续,导致长机与僚机及僚机与僚机之间的通信拓扑存在切换。为应对电磁干扰对通信拓扑的破坏,提高抗电磁干扰能力,考虑僚机外部扰动和长机规避机动动作同时存在的情况,基于观测器理论、自适应控制理论和滑模控制理论,构造了具体通信拓扑切换机制的分布式控制协议,并利用Lyapunov理论证明了僚机采用该协议能够实现拒止环境下基于“忠诚僚机”的护航策略。通过仿真模拟导弹来袭场景,验证了所提策略的有效性。

关键词: 护航策略, 拒止环境, 分布式观测器, 滑模控制, 自适应控制

Abstract: Escort strategy has always been one of the important studies of the major military powers and the denial environment with characteristics of strong electromagnetic interference and strong confrontation game puts forward higher requirements for escort strategy. This paper presents an escort strategy based on the distributed time-varying formation tracking control method. In this strategy, the high-cost lead aircraft detects the enemy missiles and releases several low-cost wingmen as loyal wingmen while moving for evasion. The time-varying formation tracking control methods are adopted to keep the wingmen on the line of sight axis associated with the lead aircraft and the enemy missiles, and then if necessary, the wingmen are sacrificed to protect the lead aircraft. As a result of the fact that the azimuth angles of enemy missiles are global information, the distributed observers are designed to estimate them. In the denial environment, the complex electromagnetic interference leads to the intermittent communication so that the communication topologies of systems composed by lead aircraft and wingmen are switched frequently. In order to deal with the damage of the communication topology caused by the electromagnetic interference and improve the ability of electromagnetic interference resistance, based on the observer theory, adaptive control theory and sliding mode control theory, a distributed control protocol with switching topologies is constructed under external disturbance of wingmen and the lead aircraft evasion. It is proven that the wingmen under the protocol can realize the escort strategy based on loyal wingman by Lyapunov theory in the denial environment. Finally, the effectiveness of the escort strategy is verified by simulating the attack scenario of the missiles.

Key words: escort strategy, denial environment, distributed observer, sliding mode control, adaptive control

中图分类号: 


版权所有 © 《北京航空航天大学学报》编辑部
通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号 北京航空航天大学学报编辑部 邮编:100191 E-mail:jbuaa@buaa.edu.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发