北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (11): 1497-1502.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于系统分类和安全评估的无人机空域集成

蔡志浩, 吴慧垚, 王英勋   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 飞行器控制一体化技术重点实验室, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-09 出版日期:2013-11-30 发布日期:2013-12-04

Approach of UAS airspace integration based on systematic classification and level of safety assessment

Cai Zhihao, Wu Huiyao, Wang Yingxun   

  1. Science and Technology on Aircraft Control Laboratory, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2012-12-09 Online:2013-11-30 Published:2013-12-04

摘要: 无人机的空域集成,即无人机进入非隔离空域飞行与有人机共享空域,是未来发展的必然趋势,这也给空中交通管理带来了新的挑战.参照美国的空域集成计划,需要建立在空域详细分类的基础上,根据无人机的综合能力逐步实现无人机从单一空域到多空域,从隔离空域到非隔离空域的动态运行.而无人机的综合能力分类可以从体系划分和安全能力两个角度出发,综合衡量;其中,无人机体系基于自主能力和监管方式两个关键因素来划分.基于这种方法,分析可以初步确定一类无人机可以飞行的空域类型,以及跨越不同空域的方式,从而实现无人机空域集成.

Abstract: UAS (Unmanned Aircraft System) airspace integration, which means UAVs entering non-segregated airspace, is the trend of next generation air transportation system,which will also bring new challenges to the air traffic management.Referring to the airspace integration project of United States, the classification of airspace should be proposed. Based on the comprehensive capacity of the UAS, the operations profile can lead to a full dynamic operation solution. Aiming at evaluating UAS, two aspects are taken into consideration: the classification of the systems and the assessment of safety level; in which the two key factors of system classification are autonomouscontrolabilityand surveillance method. The airspace integration of a certain type of UAS can be achieved by define the accessible airspace and the mode of operating through different types of airspace.

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