北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 139-146.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2015.0054

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

动静干涉对涡轮转子叶片气膜冷却的影响

李虹杨1,2, 郑赟1,2   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学能源与动力工程学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 先进航空发动机协同创新中心, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-26 出版日期:2016-01-20 发布日期:2016-01-28
  • 通讯作者: 郑赟,Tel.:010-82338753E-mail:zheng_yun@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:zheng_yun@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李虹杨男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:流、热耦合数值模拟,转捩预测及仿真。E-mail:buaalihy@hotmail.edu.cn;郑赟男,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:计算流体力学,叶轮机流、热、固耦合仿真,航空发动机叶片振动数值仿真。Tel.:010-82338753E-mail:zheng_yun@buaa.edu.cn

Effect of rotor-stator interaction on film-cooling of turbine blade

LI Hongyang1,2, ZHENG Yun1,2   

  1. 1. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center for Advanced Aero-Engine, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2015-01-26 Online:2016-01-20 Published:2016-01-28

摘要: 为研究动静干涉对涡轮转子叶片气膜冷却效果的影响,选取AGTB涡轮叶栅作为研究对象,匹配前排导叶并对整级叶栅进行非定常数值模拟。对不同时刻流场截面的流动情况以及叶片表面温度随时间的演化规律进行了详细的分析,此外,总结了尾迹和势干涉对下游叶片气膜冷却的影响。主要结论如下:导叶强烈的势干涉作用在幅值为12°的范围内改变下游叶片的入射角,对冷却射流有非常大的影响;尾迹和势干涉作用诱导冷却射流的"上扬"现象,并使其冷气流量增加20%以上,有利于提高瞬时的冷却效果;势干涉对前缘冷却射流的作用时间约为1/2个静子周期,尾迹的作用时间约为1/6个静子周期,前者作用时间长,且效果更强。受到输运效果的影响,整个叶片冷却效果的变化与气膜孔射流状态的变化不是同步的,滞后时间可达1/3个静子周期甚至更长。

关键词: 动静干涉, 势干涉, 尾迹, 非定常, 气膜冷却, 涡轮

Abstract: For the purpose of studying the effect of rotor-stator interaction on film-cooling of turbine blade, the AGTB turbine cascade was chosen to do the research, with which a vane row was assembled. Unsteady numerical simulation was made for the full stage. The cross-section flow field at different instants of time and variation of temperature distribution of the blade over time were analyzed in detail. Furthermore, influence of wake and potential interference on film-cooling of downstream blade was discussed. Conclusions are as follows: the strong potential interference of the vane could change the flow angle of downstream blade in the range of 12°, which has a great influence on cooling jet; both the wake and potential interference could induce cooling jet "uptrend" and increase the mass flow of the cooling air by more than 20%, enhancing instant cooling performance; function time of potential interference was about 1/2 stator period, while that of the wake was about 1/6 stator period, and the potential interference usually performs longer time and has stronger effects than the wake. Affected by the transport effects, variations of cooling performance of the whole blade and flow condition of cooling jet were not synchronous, of which the latency time could be about 1/3 stator period or even longer.

Key words: rotor-stator interaction, potential interference, wake, unsteady, film-cooling, turbine

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