北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (7): 1355-1363.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0600

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种航天器太阳电池阵供电能力计算方法

李涛, 李伟, 杨雷   

  1. 中国空间技术研究院 载人航天总体部, 北京 100094
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-13 修回日期:2016-08-26 出版日期:2017-07-20 发布日期:2016-10-18
  • 通讯作者: 李涛,E-mail:libitpeter@126.com E-mail:libitpeter@126.com
  • 作者简介:李涛 男,硕士,工程师。主要研究方向:载人航天器系统仿真与总体设计。
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技重大专项

A calculation method for power supply capability of spacecraft solar array

LI Tao, LI Wei, YANG Lei   

  1. Institute of Manned Space System Engineering, China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing 100094, China
  • Received:2016-07-13 Revised:2016-08-26 Online:2017-07-20 Published:2016-10-18
  • Supported by:
    National Science and Technology Major Project

摘要: 太阳电池阵为航天器提供能源,在型号研制和在轨运营过程中需对其供电能力进行计算,为此提出了一种航天器太阳电池阵供电能力的计算方法。首先,利用太阳电池片的地面测试数据得到标准测试条件(STC)下的电池片伏安模型,并利用电池片在轨等效光强和温度修正电池片伏安模型的光生电流、串联电阻和并联电阻等参数,得到电池片在轨伏安模型,然后,根据基尔霍夫定律推导出电池阵中电池片工作电压、电流以及旁路二极管和隔离二极管的输出情况,从而得到太阳电池阵的伏安模型。仿真结果表明,本文方法可以精确计算航天器在任意光强、温度和遮挡下的太阳电池阵伏安模型,可以精确分析旁路二极管和隔离二极管对太阳电池阵供电能力的影响,较已有方法计算精度提高20%。

关键词: 太阳电池阵, 供电能力, 遮挡, 光强, 温度

Abstract: The solar array supplies power to spacecraft. Thus, it is important to predict power supply capability for spacecraft design and certification of on-orbit flight operation, and a calculation method for power supply capability of spacecraft solar array is proposed. The current versus voltage model of photovoltaic cell under standard test condition (STC) was developed using a group of ground test data, and then the parameters of the model such as photon current, cell series resistance, and cell shunt resistance were adapted to on-orbit irradiation intensity, temperature and shadow. According to Kirchhoff law, the outputs of photovoltaic cell working voltage, current, bypass diodes and block diodes in solar array were obtained, and the model of photovoltaic array was built. Simulation was performed for a typical spacecraft. Results show that this method is applicable to photovoltaic array power capability analysis under arbitrary irradiation intensity, temperature and shadow pattern, the influence of bypass diode and block diode in the solar array is analyzed accurately, and calculation accuracy is improved by 20% compared to traditional method.

Key words: solar array, power supply capability, shadow, irradiation intensity, temperature

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