北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (4): 720-730.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0312

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向地震应急响应的松耦合研判模型管理机制

李勤勇1, 宋建功1, 高世伟1,2, 杜建海1, 吕江花1, 马世龙1   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 计算机学院, 北京 100083;
    2. 北京航天控制仪器研究所, 北京 100039
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-18 出版日期:2017-04-20 发布日期:2016-11-07
  • 通讯作者: 吕江花,E-mail:jhlv@nlsde.buaa.edu.cn E-mail:jhlv@nlsde.buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:李勤勇 男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:决策支持系统、模型管理、软件工程。;吕江花 女,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:形式化方法、软件可信性验证。;马世龙 男,博士,教授。主要研究方向:软件测试、形式化方法及软件工程。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61300007);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(YWF-15-GJSYS-106,YWF-14-JSJXY-007);软件开发环境国家重点实验室自由探索基金(SKLSDE-2015ZX-09,SKLSDE-2014-ZX-06)

A loose-coupled mechanism of analysis model management for earthquake emergency response

LI Qinyong1, SONG Jiangong1, GAO Shiwei1,2, DU Jianhai1, LYU Jianghua1, MA Shilong1   

  1. 1. School of Computer Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Beijing Aerospace Control Instrument Research Institute, Beijing 100039, China
  • Received:2016-04-18 Online:2017-04-20 Published:2016-11-07

摘要: 由于面向地震应急响应系统(EERS)的研判模型有其自身特点,传统决策支持系统中模型管理方法并不能较好地满足其管理需求。提出一种面向地震应急响应的松耦合研判模型管理机制(LC-MM),包括3个部分:①研判资源建模环境,由研判模型描述/控制语言(MDCL)和数据源描述/控制语言(DSDCL)组成;②研判资源协同交互框架,该框架分为4层,主要包括应用环境上下文App_Context、模型调用者Model_Invoker和数据通道Data_Channel 3个Agent组件;③研判资源协同交互协议,该协议将研判任务、研判模型和数据源的紧耦合关系分解为上述Agent组件之间的协同交互关系。实际应用表明,LC-MM能够有效屏蔽研判资源的异构性,提高EERS的可扩展性、动态适应性以及平台无关性,能够较好地满足EERS中研判模型的管理需求。

关键词: 模型管理, 数据源, 决策支持系统, Agent系统, 地震应急响应

Abstract: Because analysis models in earthquake emergency response system (EERS) have special characteristics, traditional model management methods in decision support system are not suitable well for the management requirement of analysis models. We propose a loose-coupled mechanism, called loose-coupled mechanism for model management (LC-MM), for earthquake emergency response. LC-MM is composed of three parts:1) an analysis resources modeling environment, which consists of 2 modeling languages,i.e., model description and control language (MDCL) and data source description and control language (DSDCL); 2) an Agent-based framework for analysis resources coordinating and interacting, which is divided into 4 layers and 3 Agent components,i.e., App_Context, Model_Invoker and Data_Channel; 3) a protocol for Agent-based components coordinating. The protocol changes the tight-coupled relationship between analysis models, data sources and tasks into a loose-coupled relationship through Agent components. Practical application shows that LC-MM can effectively cover up analysis resources' heterogeneity and improve the scalability, dynamic flexibility and flat-independency of EERS. The proposed mechanism can match the management requirement of analysis models in EERS.

Key words: model management, data source, decision support systems, Agent-based systems, earthquake emergency response

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