北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (11): 2232-2239.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0074

• 流动特性分析 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于凝结实验平台的音速喷嘴凝结现象研究

王超1,2, 林大烜1,2, 丁红兵1,2, 王刚1,2, 安海骄3   

  1. 1. 天津大学 电气自动化与信息工程学院, 天津 30007;
    2. 天津市过程检测与控制重点实验室, 天津 300072;
    3. 天津市计量监督检测科学研究院, 天津 300192
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-16 修回日期:2017-05-19 出版日期:2017-11-20 发布日期:2017-09-18
  • 通讯作者: 丁红兵 E-mail:hbding@tju.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:王超,男,博士,教授。主要研究方向:电学层析成像、多相流测量和生物阻抗检测;丁红兵,男,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:多相流测量、气体流量传感器。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(61627803,51506148,61673291);天津市自然科学基金(16JCQNJC03700);天津市重点实验室基金(TKLPMC-201611)

Study on condensation in sonic nozzle based on experimental condensation apparatus

WANG Chao1,2, LIN Daxuan1,2, DING Hongbing1,2, WANG Gang1,2, AN Haijiao3   

  1. 1. School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 30007;
    2. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Process Measurement and Control, Tianjin 300072, China;
    3. Tianjin Institute of Metrological Supervision and Testing, Tianjin 300192, China
  • Received:2017-02-16 Revised:2017-05-19 Online:2017-11-20 Published:2017-09-18
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China (61627803, 51506148, 61673291); Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin (16JCQNJC03700); Research Fund of Tianjin Key Laboratory (TKLPMC-201611)

摘要: 音速喷嘴中流动的蒸汽或含湿气体由于自身的温降而发生凝结现象,对音速喷嘴的计量会产生一定的影响。针对音速喷嘴凝结现象和自激振荡的复杂变化情况,利用一套凝结实验平台研究了音速喷嘴内湿空气凝结现象,得到了不同条件的喷嘴沿程压力,并建立了凝结流动Eulerian两相模型,对凝结现象的影响因素进行了数值分析,使实验结果得到了验证和补充。结果表明,载气的压力、温度、湿度会对凝结产生比较大的影响。凝结发生位置伴随载气温度、湿度的提高而前移,强度有所增大。随着载气压力的增大,凝结发生位置前移,但是强度相对减弱。自激振荡的频率与载气湿度、温度呈正相关,与载气压力呈负相关,振幅与载气的压力、温度、湿度均呈正相关。

关键词: 音速喷嘴, 超音速流动, 凝结现象, 数值模型, 自激振荡

Abstract: The temperature of water vapor and moist gas will drop greatly in the sonic nozzle, which leads to the condensation and will have a great effect on the measurements. Aimed at the phenomenon of condensation and self-oscillation of sonic nozzle, an experimental condensation apparatus was set up to observe the condensation of moist air in sonic nozzle, and the pressure distribution under different conditions was obtained. To validate and supplement the experimental data, a gas-liquid two-phase flow Eulerian model was established through numerical analysis of influence factors on condensation. The results show that the inlet pressure, humidity and temperature have a great influence on condensation phenomenon. With the increase of humidity and temperature, the location of condensation moves forward and the intensity also increases. With the increase of the inlet pressure, the location of condensation moves forward, while the intensity weakens. The frequency of self-oscillation is positively related to the humidity and temperature, and negatively related to the inlet pressure. The amplitude is positively related to the inlet pressure, humidity and temperature.

Key words: sonic nozzle, supersonic flow, condensation, numerical model, self-oscillation

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