北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (2): 215-222.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0093

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

非绝热单孔容腔瞬态响应的零维建模

丁水汀1,2,3, 于航3, 邱天1,2,3   

  1. 1. 飞机/发动机综合系统安全性北京市重点实验室, 北京 100083;
    2. 先进航空发动机协同创新中心, 北京 100083;
    3. 北京航空航天大学 能源与动力工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2017-02-22 修回日期:2017-05-19 出版日期:2018-02-20 发布日期:2017-09-18
  • 通讯作者: 邱天,E-mail:qiutian@buaa.edu.cn E-mail:qiutian@buaa.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:丁水汀,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:燃气轮机热端旋转部件流动与换热机理、航空发动机适航性设计与验证技术;于航,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:航空发动机空气系统瞬态演化机理;邱天,男,博士,讲师。主要研究方向:航空发动机适航性设计、系统安全性、一体化模型。
  • 基金资助:
    长江学者和创新团队发展计划(IRT0905);中国博士后科学基金(2016M591047)

Zero-dimensional modeling for transient response of non-adiabatic cavity with single opening

DING Shuiting1,2,3, YU Hang3, QIU Tian1,2,3   

  1. 1. Aircraft/Engine Integrated System Safety Beijing Key Laboratory, Beijing 100083, China;
    2. Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Aero-Engine, Beijing 100083;
    3. School of Energy and Power Engineering, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2017-02-22 Revised:2017-05-19 Online:2018-02-20 Published:2017-09-18
  • Supported by:
    Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT0905);China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2016M591047)

摘要: 针对换热情况下理想绝热单孔容腔模型瞬态响应预测误差大的现状,提出一种考虑换热对容腔瞬态响应影响的非绝热单孔容腔零维瞬态建模方法。通过研究影响气体与容腔壁面换热的因素,采用量纲分析推导了与换热相关的特征数方程,利用CFD数值模拟确定特征数方程的具体函数形式,显示表达了绝热单孔容腔模型未考虑的换热项,建立了非绝热单孔容腔零维瞬态模型。通过与数值模拟进行对比分析,结果表明:非绝热单孔容腔零维瞬态模型与CFD数值模拟计算的压力和温度的响应规律吻合很好,最大相对误差不超过0.8%,验证了模型的准确性和建模方法的可行性;绝热单孔容腔零维瞬态模型计算结果较CFD数值模拟结果的最大相对误差达6%,表明非绝热模型较绝热模型能够更精确地反映容腔真实响应规律。此外,非绝热单孔容腔零维瞬态模型与CFD数值模拟相比,在1%的精度水平下,降低了3个维度,也大幅降低了单孔容腔瞬态响应模拟的计算量,可以有效地支撑航空发动机空气系统中的容腔高精度建模。

关键词: 容腔, 非绝热, 瞬态响应, 零维模型, 换热

Abstract: With the present condition that there are errors in predicting transient response of cavity with single opening using the ideal adiabatic cavity model in the presence of heat transfer, a zero-dimensional transient modeling method applied to a single opening cavity with the consideration of the effect of heat transfer on cavity transient response was proposed. In virtue of researching the factors influencing the heat transfer between the gas and the cavity wall, the characteristic equation related to heat transfer was deduced by dimensional analysis, and the concrete function of it was determined by CFD numerical simulation. The heat transfer term which was not considered by adiabatic model of cavity with single opening was expressed explicitly, and a non-adiabatic zero-dimensional transient model of cavity with single opening was established. The model was compared with CFD simulation and the results show that:Good agreement is achieved by comparing the responses of pressure and temperature calculated by non-adiabatic zero-dimensional transient model of cavity with single opening with that calculated by CFD simulation, and the maximum relative error is no more than 0.8%. The accuracy of the model and the feasibility of the modeling method are verified; The maximum relative error between the adiabatic model of cavity with single opening and CFD simulation results is 6%, which indicates that the non-adiabatic model can reflect the real response more accurately than the adiabatic model. In addition, the non-adiabatic model reduces three dimensions within the accuracy of 1% compared with the CFD simulation, and also significantly lowers the computational cost of non-adiabatic cavity with single opening simulation, which can effectively support zero-dimensional transient modeling of cavity with high accuracy in aero-engine air system.

Key words: cavity, non-adiabatic, transient response, zero-dimensional model, heat transfer

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