北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (3): 549-555.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2017.0224

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

调频引信谐波时序检测抗干扰方法及实现

孔志杰, 郝新红, 栗苹, 闫晓鹏   

  1. 北京理工大学 机电动态控制重点实验室, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-13 出版日期:2018-03-20 发布日期:2018-03-30
  • 通讯作者: 郝新红 E-mail:haoxinhong@bit.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:孔志杰,男,博士研究生。主要研究方向:引信信号处理与抗干扰技术;郝新红,女,博士,副教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:中近程探测及控制技术、引信抗干扰技术;栗苹,女,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:信息感知与对抗、智能探测与控制技术;闫晓鹏,男,博士,副教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:电子对抗技术、引信干扰技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国防“973”计划(613196);国家自然科学基金(61673066)

Harmonic timing sequence detection anti-jamming method and its implementation for FM fuze

KONG Zhijie, HAO Xinhong, LI Ping, YAN Xiaopeng   

  1. Science and Technology on Electromechanical Dynamic Control Laboratory, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2017-04-13 Online:2018-03-20 Published:2018-03-30
  • Supported by:
    National Security Program on Key Basic Research Project of China (613196); National Natural Science Foundation of China (61673066)

摘要: 针对调频(FM)引信抗干扰能力差的问题,提出了调频引信谐波时序检测抗干扰方法,利用弹目交会过程中谐波时序特征,提高了调频引信抗调幅(AM)、调频和扫频干扰能力;设计了基于快速傅里叶变换(FFT)的调频引信谐波提取方案,通过对差频信号进行FFT获得谐波幅值,与现有谐波定距调频引信通过带通滤波器(BPF)获得谐波幅值相比,在保证同等定距精度的前提下,可以灵活选取谐波次数和谐波通道,利用谐波时序性提高调频引信抗干扰能力,同时易于实现炸高分挡。仿真及实测结果验证了本文方案的可行性,调频引信抗干扰成功率由16.7%提高到90%以上。

关键词: 调频(FM)引信, 抗干扰, 谐波时序检测, 快速傅里叶变换(FFT), 差频信号

Abstract: In order to improve the anti-amplitude-modulation (AM)-jamming, anti-frequency-modulation (FM)-jamming and anti-sweep-jamming performance of FM fuze, a harmonic timing sequence detection anti-jamming method is proposed using the timing sequence characteristics of harmonics during the projectile-target encounter. A harmonic extraction method based on fast Fourier transform (FFT) is designed, and the harmonic amplitude is obtained by FFT on the difference frequency signal. Compared with the harmonic extraction method through the band-pass filter (BPF) of the existing FM harmonic fuze, the harmonic number and harmonic channel can be flexibly selected, under the condition of the same ranging precision. The better anti-jamming performance and flexible ignition height are achieved using the harmonic timing sequence detection. Simulation and experimental results verify the feasibility of the program and the anti-jamming success rate of FM fuze is improved from 16.7% to more than 90%.

Key words: frequency-modulation (FM) fuze, anti-jamming, harmonic timing sequence detection, fast Fourier transform (FFT), difference frequency signal

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