北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2007, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (01): 72-75.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于二维deramp处理的高分辨率 聚束SAR成像算法

王鹏波, 周荫清, 陈杰, 李春升   

  1. 北京航空航天大学 电子信息工程学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2006-01-13 出版日期:2007-01-31 发布日期:2010-09-19
  • 作者简介:王鹏波 (1979-),男,江西波阳人,博士生, wangpb7966@eyou.com.

Imaging algorithm for high-resolution space-borne spotlight SAR data based on two dimension deramp processing

Wang Pengbo, Zhou Yinqing, Chen Jie, Li Chunsheng   

  1. School of Electronics and Information Engineering, Beijing Unive rsity of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2006-01-13 Online:2007-01-31 Published:2010-09-19

摘要: 有效解决回波信号的数据率是高分辨率聚束式星载SAR的难点之一.基于两步成 像算法和CS(Chirp Scaling)成像算法,提出了一种适用于高分辨率聚束式星载SAR的成像算 法——TDDCS(Two Dimension Deramp Chirp Scaling)成像算法.该算法从距离dechirp处理 后回波信号出发,首先利用二维deramp 处理来消除频谱混叠现象,这不仅能实现以对应条 带模式的脉冲重复频率来设计聚束SAR系统,也保证满足观测带宽度所需的回波窗长度,接 着利用CS处理和相位补偿实现精确的距离徙动校正,最后利用方位相匹配滤波 处理实现方位向压缩,得到最终的成像结果.基于等效斜视模型,给出了整个算法的详细推 导过程和实现流程,通过计算机仿真验证了本算法的有效性.

Abstract: Reduced the data rate is one of the difficulties in high-resolution space-born e spotlight synthetic aperture radar (SAR). Based on two-step focusing algorith m and chirp scaling(CS) algorithm, two dimension deramp chirp scaling(TDDCS) alg orithm for processing high-resolution space-borne spotlight SAR data was prese nted. The algorithm starts with raw data dechirped in range. First, the azimuth s pectral folding phenomenon is overcome by using azimuth deramp processing, and the chirp signal is recovered by using range deramp processing. Second, the prec ise range cell migration correction is achieved by chirp scaling processing and phase compensation. Lastly, the azimuth compression is performed by match filter , and the image is received. Based on the squinted equivalent range model, the c omplete derivation of the algorithm was presented and the realizing approach was given. The computer simulation shows the validity of the algorithm.

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