留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

平流层艇载风速计非接触供电系统的设计

袁明昱 周江华 郝勇 张晓荣 秦慧娴

袁明昱,周江华,郝勇,等. 平流层艇载风速计非接触供电系统的设计[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2023,49(4):972-980 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0344
引用本文: 袁明昱,周江华,郝勇,等. 平流层艇载风速计非接触供电系统的设计[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2023,49(4):972-980 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0344
YUAN M Y,ZHOU J H,HAO Y,et al. Design of contactless power supply system for stratospheric airship anemometer[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2023,49(4):972-980 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0344
Citation: YUAN M Y,ZHOU J H,HAO Y,et al. Design of contactless power supply system for stratospheric airship anemometer[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2023,49(4):972-980 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0344

平流层艇载风速计非接触供电系统的设计

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0344
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(61733017)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:zhoufma@aoe.ac.cn

  • 中图分类号: TM724

Design of contactless power supply system for stratospheric airship anemometer

Funds: National Natural Science Foundation of China (61733017)
More Information
  • 摘要:

    针对平流层艇载风速计电滑环供电方式的不足,设计了基于DSP控制的艇载风速计非接触供电系统。利用电磁感应原理,明确了非接触供电系统的组成;通过建立系统等效电路模型,分析了影响系统传输效率及传输功率的因素;结合艇载风速计的结构及应用背景,借助ANSYS Maxwell电磁仿真软件设计了嵌套式松耦合线圈。通过对系统主要电路进行仿真并搭建基于DSP控制的原、副边电路,对系统的工作特性进行验证,仿真及试验结果表明:基于DSP控制的平流层艇载风速计非接触供电系统能够实现良好的非接触能量传输,降压后可为平流层艇载风速计供电。

     

  • 图 1  旋转风速计

    Figure 1.  Rotation anemometer

    图 2  磁耦合谐振式非接触供电系统框图

    Figure 2.  Block diagram of magnetic coupling resonant non-contact power supply system

    图 3  系统等效电路模型

    Figure 3.  System equivalent circuit model

    图 4  系统输出功率、传输效率随谐振频率变化曲线

    Figure 4.  Curves of output power and transmission efficiency for system with resonance frequency

    图 5  系统输出功率、传输效率随线圈互感变化曲线

    Figure 5.  Curves of output power and transmission efficiency for system with coil mutual inductance

    图 6  嵌套式线圈结构

    Figure 6.  Structure of nested coil

    图 7  初次级线圈模型正视图与俯视图

    Figure 7.  Front view and top view of primary coil model

    图 8  耦合系数与线圈外径关系曲线

    Figure 8.  Relation curve of coupling coefficient and coil diameter

    图 9  耦合系数与线圈线径关系曲线

    Figure 9.  Relation curve of coupling coefficient and coil diameter

    图 10  耦合系数与初次级线圈间距离关系曲线

    Figure 10.  Relation curves of coupling coefficient and primary and secondary coil distance

    图 11  耦合系数与线圈匝数关系曲线

    Figure 11.  Relation curve of coupling coefficient and coil turns

    图 12  非接触供电系统逆变电路仿真图

    Figure 12.  Simulation diagram of inverter circuit in contactless power supply system

    图 13  逆变电路输入、输出波形

    Figure 13.  Input and output waveforms of inverter circuit

    图 14  试验平台

    Figure 14.  Test platform

    图 15  DSP输出PWM波形

    Figure 15.  DSP output PWM waveform

    图 16  高频逆变电路输出波形

    Figure 16.  Output waveform of high frequency inverter circuit

    图 17  接收端电路

    Figure 17.  Receiver circuit

    表  1  仿真得到的线圈参数

    Table  1.   Coil parameters obtained by simulation

    线圈互感
    $M$/μH
    初级线圈
    电感${L}_{1}$/μH
    次级线圈
    电感$ {L}_{2} $/μH
    初级线圈
    电阻${R}_{1}/\Omega$
    次级线圈
    电阻${R}_{2}/\Omega$
    14.07318.15316.3790.2020.186
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  线圈实际参数

    Table  2.   Actual coil parameters

    线圈电感/μH电阻/$ \mathrm{\Omega } $
    初级线圈19.60.2
    次级线圈22.20.2
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  试验测量值

    Table  3.   Test measured value

    初次级线圈
    距离/mm
    发射端
    电压/V
    发射端
    电流/A
    接收端
    电压/V
    接收端
    电流/A
    发射功
    率/W
    接收功
    率/W
    1280.332.50.228.47.15
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 苗景刚, 王帆, 周江华, 等. 风场环境下平流层飞艇运动建模[J]. 系统科学与数学, 2013, 33(6): 685-694.

    MIAO J G, WANG F, ZHOU J H, et al. Motion modeling of stratospheric airship in wind field[J]. Journal of Systems Science and Mathematical Sciences, 2013, 33(6): 685-694(in Chinese).
    [2] 周江华, 苗景刚. 高空驻空型飞行器风速风向实时测量方法与装置: CN101750514A[P]. 2010-06-23.

    ZHOU J H, MIAO J G. Method and device for real-time measurement of wind speed and direction of high-altitude airborne aircraft: CN101750514A[P]. 2010-06-23(in Chinese).
    [3] 周江华, 苗景刚, 栗颖思. 一种用于高空低速飞行器风速风向实时测量装置: CN105181995B[P]. 2018-09-11.

    ZHOU J H, MIAO J G, LI Y S. Real-time measuring device for wind speed and direction of high-altitude low-speed aircraft: CN105181995B[P]. 2018-09-11(in Chinese).
    [4] 李欣, 李若琼. 基于ICPT的非接触式牵引供电系统研究综述[J]. 高压电器, 2019, 55(7): 1-9.

    LI X, LI R Q. Review of contactless traction power supply system based on ICPT[J]. High Voltage Apparatus, 2019, 55(7): 1-9(in Chinese).
    [5] 张平. 基于电场感应的无线电能传输系统的研究[J]. 机电设备, 2016, 33(6): 48-52. doi: 10.16443/j.cnki.31-1420.2016.06.012

    ZHANG P. Research on electric-field-induction based wireless power transmission system[J]. Mechanical and Electrical Equipment, 2016, 33(6): 48-52(in Chinese). doi: 10.16443/j.cnki.31-1420.2016.06.012
    [6] LIU C, HU A P, NAIR N K C. Coupling study of a rotary capacitive power transfer system[C]//IEEE International Conference on Industrial Technology. Piscataway: IEEE Press, 2009: 1-6.
    [7] 冯桂荣. 微波无线能量传输系统的研究[D]. 西安: 西安电子科技大学, 2014.

    FENG G R. The research of microwave power transmission system[D]. Xi’an: Xidian University, 2014(in Chinese).
    [8] 李向阳, 吴世臣, 李钟晓. 激光无线能量传输技术应用及其发展趋势[J]. 航天器工程, 2015, 24(1): 1-7. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8748.2015.01.001

    LI X Y, WU S C, LI Z X. Laser wireless power transmission technology and its development trend[J]. Spacecraft Engineering, 2015, 24(1): 1-7(in Chinese). doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-8748.2015.01.001
    [9] BOYS J T, COVIC G A, ELLIOTT G A J. Pick-up transformer for ICPT applications[J]. Electronics Letters, 2002, 38(21): 1276-1278. doi: 10.1049/el:20020874
    [10] BUDHIA M, COVIC G A, BOYS J T. A new IPT magnetic coupler for electric vehicle charging systems[C]//36th Annual Conference on IEEE Industrial Electronics Society. Piscataway: IEEE Press, 2010: 2487-2492.
    [11] KURS A, KARALIS A, MOFFATT R, et al. Wireless power transfer via strongly coupled magnetic resonances[J]. Science, 2007, 317(5834): 83-86. doi: 10.1126/science.1143254
    [12] 田子建, 杜欣欣, 樊京, 等. 磁耦合谐振无线输电系统不同拓扑结构的分析[J]. 电气工程学报, 2015, 10(6): 47-57.

    TIAN Z J, DU X X, FAN J, et al. Analysis on different topology structures in magnetic coupling resonant wireless power transmission system[J]. Journal of Electrical Engineering, 2015, 10(6): 47-57(in Chinese).
    [13] 孙勇, 楼佩煌, 吴亮亮. 非接触供电系统的应用平台研究[J]. 工业控制计算机, 2009, 22(3): 86-88.

    SUN Y, LOU P H, WU L L. Research on application platform of contactless supply system[J]. Industrial Control Computer, 2009, 22(3): 86-88(in Chinese).
    [14] 马健鹏. 井下无线供电与无线通信智能短节的研制[D]. 东营: 中国石油大学(华东), 2018.

    MA J P. Development of downhole wireless power supply and wireless communication intelligent short section[D]. Dongying: China University of Petroleum (Huadong), 2018(in Chinese).
    [15] 李砚玲, 孙跃, 戴欣. π型感应电能传输系统的鲁棒稳定性分析[J]. 湖南大学学报(自然科学版), 2011, 38(10): 50-55.

    LI Y L, SUN Y, DAI X. Robust stability analysis of π-type inductive power transfer system[J]. Journal of Hunan University (Natural Sciences), 2011, 38(10): 50-55(in Chinese).
    [16] 王帅, 薛寒寒. 小功率磁耦合谐振式无线供电系统的研究[J]. 电子技术应用, 2020, 46(2): 109-113. doi: 10.16157/j.issn.0258-7998.191239

    WANG S, XUE H H. Research of miniwatt magnetically coupled resonant wireless power supply system[J]. Application of Electronic Technique, 2020, 46(2): 109-113(in Chinese). doi: 10.16157/j.issn.0258-7998.191239
    [17] 吴二雷. 基于磁耦合谐振式无线供电系统的研究与设计[D]. 沈阳: 东北大学, 2014.

    WU E L. Research and design of wireless power supply system based on magnetic coupling resonant[D]. Shenyang: Northeastern University, 2014(in Chinese).
    [18] 倪新东, 江兵, 朱华. 基于PCB的非接触式供电系统效率因素分析[J]. 电子技术, 2013, 42(3): 18-20.

    NI X D, JIANG B, ZHU H. Efficiency factor analysis of PCB-based contactless power supply system[J]. Electronic Technology, 2013, 42(3): 18-20(in Chinese).
    [19] 高键鑫, 吴旭升, 高嵬, 等. 电磁感应式非接触电能传输技术研究综述[J]. 电源学报, 2017, 15(2): 166-178. doi: 10.13234/j.issn.2095-2805.2017.2.166

    GAO J X, WU X S, GAO W, et al. Review on inductive contactless power transfer technology[J]. Journal of Power Supply, 2017, 15(2): 166-178(in Chinese). doi: 10.13234/j.issn.2095-2805.2017.2.166
    [20] 范明. 谐振耦合式电能无线传输系统研究[D]. 太原: 太原理工大学, 2012.

    FAN M. Research on wireless power transfer system based on resonant coupling[D]. Taiyuan: Taiyuan University of Technology, 2012(in Chinese).
    [21] 王智慧, 孙跃, 戴欣, 等. DC-AC型非接触电能传输系统变换器设计[J]. 重庆大学学报, 2011, 34(2): 38-43. doi: 10.11835/j.issn.1000-582X.2011.02.007

    WANG Z H, SUN Y, DAI X, et al. Design of converter of DC-AC type contactless power transfer system[J]. Journal of Chongqing University, 2011, 34(2): 38-43(in Chinese). doi: 10.11835/j.issn.1000-582X.2011.02.007
  • 加载中
图(17) / 表(3)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  201
  • HTML全文浏览量:  60
  • PDF下载量:  13
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-06-23
  • 录用日期:  2021-10-29
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-11-17
  • 整期出版日期:  2023-04-30

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回
    常见问答