留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

高空风对大型客机航线性能的量化影响

黄成涛 王立新 钟伯文

黄成涛, 王立新, 钟伯文等 . 高空风对大型客机航线性能的量化影响[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2017, 43(7): 1348-1354. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0542
引用本文: 黄成涛, 王立新, 钟伯文等 . 高空风对大型客机航线性能的量化影响[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2017, 43(7): 1348-1354. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0542
HUANG Chengtao, WANG Lixin, ZHONG Bowenet al. Quantified effects of high-altitude wind on route performance of large passenger plane[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2017, 43(7): 1348-1354. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0542(in Chinese)
Citation: HUANG Chengtao, WANG Lixin, ZHONG Bowenet al. Quantified effects of high-altitude wind on route performance of large passenger plane[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2017, 43(7): 1348-1354. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0542(in Chinese)

高空风对大型客机航线性能的量化影响

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0542
基金项目: 

国家“863”计划 2014AA110501

详细信息
    作者简介:

    黄成涛 男, 博士, 高级工程师。主要研究方向:飞行力学

    通讯作者:

    黄成涛, E-mail:hct113a@aliyun.com

  • 中图分类号: V212.1

Quantified effects of high-altitude wind on route performance of large passenger plane

Funds: 

National High-tech Research and Development Program of China 2014AA110501

More Information
  • 摘要:

    高空风会影响大型客机航线飞行的油耗和飞行时间。本文提出了一种计算高空风对航线性能量化影响的方法,并分析了高空风对航线性能的量化影响。建立了有风条件下飞机的飞行仿真模型,提出了针对飞机航线飞行的驾驶员建模方法,基于“驾驶员-飞机”闭环数字虚拟飞行仿真方法,提出了一种计算高空风条件下飞机航线性能的方法。对算例飞机在典型航线下的油耗、飞行距离、飞行时间进行了计算与分析。结果表明:在飞行距离相同时,顺风可以减少飞机的航线飞行时间并降低油耗,逆风会增加飞机的航线飞行时间并增加油耗;由于高空风的影响,部分航线往返飞行时,油耗和飞行时间相差较大;对于部分远程航线,由于高空风的影响,为满足最大起飞重量限制,飞机需要减小商载以装载更多燃油,确保能够飞抵目的机场。

     

  • 图 1  北京—昆明航线FL340高度层风速大小和方向

    Figure 1.  Wind speed and direction of Beijing—Kunming route (FL340 height layer)

    图 2  “驾驶员-飞机”闭环飞行仿真模型结构

    Figure 2.  Structure of "pilot-aircraft" closed-loop flight simulation model

    图 3  驾驶员模型结构

    Figure 3.  Structure of pilot model

    图 4  基于数字虚拟飞行的航线性能计算流程图

    Figure 4.  Flowchart of route performance calculation based on digital virtual flight

    图 5  算例飞机执行北京—昆明航线飞行仿真结果

    Figure 5.  Example aircraft flight simulation results on Beijing—Kunming route

    表  1  算例飞机的部分航线性能计算结果

    Table  1.   Some route performance calculation results of example aircraft

    航线飞行距离/km油耗/kg飞行时间/min
    有风无风有风无风
    北京—昆明2 18913 48414 501145156
    昆明—北京21 8915 17513 923175160
    北京—约翰内斯堡12 44883 41777 530904834
    约翰内斯堡—北京12 44871 83176 274782840
    下载: 导出CSV
  • [1] 严丽娟, 王丹霞, 陈楷民.高空风影响下的线路飞行模拟算法[J].微计算机信息, 2009(4):269-271. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WJSJ200904115.htm

    YAN L J, WANG D X, CHEN K M.Line flight simulation algorithm under the influence of high altitude wind[J].Microcomputer Information, 2009(4):269-271(in Chinese). http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-WJSJ200904115.htm
    [2] 李新胜, 杜冬, 李根军, 等.高空风对飞行的影响在雷达模拟机中的建模和实现[J].中国民航飞行学院学报, 2004, 15(2):28-31. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-MHFX200402008.htm

    LI X S, DU D, LI G J, et al.Modeling and implementation of high altitude wind impact on flight simulation in radar simulator[J].Journal of Civil Aviation Flight University of China, 2004, 15(2):28-31(in Chinese). http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-MHFX200402008.htm
    [3] 贾重任, 黄成涛, 王立新.空中最小操纵速度的人机闭环数学仿真计算[J].北京航空航天大学学报, 2013, 39(5):580-584. http://bhxb.buaa.edu.cn/CN/abstract/abstract12606.shtml

    JIA Z R, HUANG C T, WANG L X.Mathematical simulation method to calculate air minimum control speed[J].Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2013, 39(5):580-584(in Chinese). http://bhxb.buaa.edu.cn/CN/abstract/abstract12606.shtml
    [4] HUANG C T, WANG L X, JIA Z R.A method to calculate the aircraft ground minimum control speed based on mathematical simulation [J].Procedia Engineering, 2011, 17:24-38. doi: 10.1016/j.proeng.2011.10.004
    [5] 刘海良, 王立新.基于数字虚拟飞行的民用飞机纵向地面操稳特性评估[J].航空学报, 2015, 36(5):1432-1441. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HKXB201505006.htm

    LIU H L, WANG L X.Assessment of longitudinal ground stability and control for civil aircraft based on digital virtual flight test method[J].Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica, 2015, 36(5):1432-1441(in Chinese). http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HKXB201505006.htm
    [6] EGBERT T.Cruise performance and range prediction reconsidered[J].Progress in Aerospace Science, 1997, 33(5-6):285-321. doi: 10.1016/S0376-0421(96)00007-3
    [7] BARTEL M, YOUNG T M.Simplified thrust and fuel consumption models for modern two-shaft turbofan engines[J].Journal of Aircraft, 2008, 45(4):1450-1456. doi: 10.2514/1.35589
    [8] DAMIÁN R, OSCAR L G, SERGIO E, et al.An analysis of maximum range cruise including wind effects[J].Aerospace Science and Technology, 2014, 14(1):38-48.
    [9] 丁立平.分析计算高空风对飞行的影响[J].现代电子工程, 2005(3):50-54. http://youxian.cnki.com.cn/yxdetail.aspx?filename=BJHK20161010006&dbname=CAPJ2015

    DING L P.Analysis and calculation of the effect of winds aloft on flight[J].Modern Electronic Engineering, 2005(3):50-54(in Chinese). http://youxian.cnki.com.cn/yxdetail.aspx?filename=BJHK20161010006&dbname=CAPJ2015
    [10] 赵鑫, 吕宗平, 张兆宁, 等.自由飞行下考虑高空风的最小安全间距研究[J].航空计算技术, 2014, 44(3):73-76. http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HKJJ201403017.htm

    ZHAO X, LV Z P, ZHANG Z N, et al.Research on minimum safe distance in free flight considering winds aloft[J].Aeronautical Computing Technique, 2014, 44(3):73-76(in Chinese). http://www.cnki.com.cn/Article/CJFDTOTAL-HKJJ201403017.htm
    [11] HALE F J, STEIGER A R.Effects of wind on aircraft cruise paerformance[J].Journal of Aircraft, 1981, 18(4):320-321.
    [12] 肖业伦, 金长江.大气扰动中飞行原理[M].北京:国防工业出版社, 1993:77-81.

    XIAO Y L, JIN C J.Flight principle in the atmospheric perturbation[M].Beijing:National Defense Industry Press, 1993:77-81(in Chinese).
    [13] 方振平, 陈万春, 张曙光.航空飞行器飞行动力学[M].北京:北京航空航天大学出版社, 2005:174-186.

    FANG Z P, CHEN W C, ZHANG S G.Aircraft flight dynamics[M].Beijing:Beihang University Press, 2005:174-186(in Chinese).
    [14] 高浩, 朱培申, 高正红.高等飞行动力学[M].北京:国防工业出版社, 2004:140-153, 222-223.

    GAO H, ZHU P S, GAO Z H.Advanced flight dynamics[M].Beijing:National Defense Industry Press, 2004:140-153, 222-223(in Chinese).
    [15] JOHNSON E N, PRITCHETT A R.Generric pilot and flight control model for use in simulation studies:AIAA-2002-4694[R].Reston:AIAA, 2002.
    [16] OHME P. A model-based approach to aircraft takeoff and landing performance assessment[C]//AIAA Atmospheric Flight Mechanics Conference.Reston:AIAA, 2009:6154.
    [17] 中国民用航空局. 大型飞机公共航空运输承运人运行合格审定规则: CCAR-121-R4[S]. 北京: 中国民用航空局, 2010.

    Civil Aviation Administration of China.Rules for the approval of the operation of large aircraft public air transport carriers:CCAR-121-R4[S].Beijing:Civil Aviation Administration of China, 2010(in Chinese).
    [18] 《飞机设计手册》总编委会.飞机设计手册第5册:民用飞机总体设计[M].北京:国防工业出版社, 2005:289-294.

    Aircraft Design Manual Editorial Board.Aircraft design manual.Fifth volume:Civil aircraft general design[M].Beijing:National Defense Industry Press, 2005:289-294(in Chinese).
  • 加载中
图(5) / 表(1)
计量
  • 文章访问数:  628
  • HTML全文浏览量:  6
  • PDF下载量:  2
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-06-22
  • 录用日期:  2016-08-25
  • 刊出日期:  2017-07-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回
    常见问答