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一种高效利用天基激光能量清除空间碎片的方法

石乾乾 张艳 赵鹏 王成林

石乾乾, 张艳, 赵鹏, 等 . 一种高效利用天基激光能量清除空间碎片的方法[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2018, 44(12): 2621-2627. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0241
引用本文: 石乾乾, 张艳, 赵鹏, 等 . 一种高效利用天基激光能量清除空间碎片的方法[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2018, 44(12): 2621-2627. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0241
SHI Qianqian, ZHANG Yan, ZHAO Peng, et al. A method of efficiently using space-based laser energy to remove space debris[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018, 44(12): 2621-2627. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0241(in Chinese)
Citation: SHI Qianqian, ZHANG Yan, ZHAO Peng, et al. A method of efficiently using space-based laser energy to remove space debris[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2018, 44(12): 2621-2627. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0241(in Chinese)

一种高效利用天基激光能量清除空间碎片的方法

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2018.0241
详细信息
    作者简介:

    石乾乾  男, 硕士研究生。主要研究方向:强激光作用空间碎片的效应与应用

    张艳  女, 博士, 教授, 硕士生导师。主要研究方向:空间目标探测和识别

    通讯作者:

    张艳, E-mail: zhyan1227@sina.com

  • 中图分类号: V221+.3;TB553

A method of efficiently using space-based laser energy to remove space debris

More Information
  • 摘要:

    针对日益增长的空间碎片污染太空环境问题,建立了天基激光能量清除空间碎片的降轨模型。重点讨论了速度增量与空间碎片速度的夹角对近地点高度降低的影响,并考虑到天基平台与空间碎片作用距离的影响,从能量利用率的角度出发,提出了能量分配系数(CEA)的概念。基于CEA,设计出关于脉冲激光能量分配的策略,并与脉冲激光能量平均方式清除空间碎片的方式进行对比分析,说明了脉冲激光能量分配策略的有效性,提高了天基激光能量利用能力,达到了高效清除空间碎片的目的。

     

  • 图 1  天基激光能量清除空间碎片模型

    Figure 1.  Model of space debris removal by space-based laser energy

    图 2  空间碎片轨道坐标系

    Figure 2.  Orbital coordinate system of space debris

    图 3  椭圆轨道上空间碎片近地点高度变化趋势

    Figure 3.  Perigee height variation tendency of space debris on elliptical orbit

    图 4  天基激光能量清除空间碎片的仿真流程

    Figure 4.  Simulation flowchart of space-based laser energy removing space debris

    图 5  近地点高度随脉冲次数的变化趋势

    Figure 5.  Variation of perigee height with number of laser pulses

    图 6  轨道偏心率与半长轴随脉冲次数的变化趋势

    Figure 6.  Variation of orbital eccentricity and semi-major axis with number of laser pulses

    图 7  CEA值随脉冲次数的变化趋势

    Figure 7.  Variation of CEA values with number of laser pulses

    表  1  不同位置下的最佳冲量作用角和近地点最终高度

    Table  1.   Optimal impulse angle and final perigee height at different positions

    偏近点角/(°) 最佳冲量作用角/(°) 近地点最终高度/km
    0 117.1或242.1 899.6
    90 165.3 894.5
    180 180.0 892.1
    270 194.7 894.507 3
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  天基激光和空间碎片的轨道参数

    Table  2.   Orbital parameters of space-based laser and space debris

    轨道参数 天基激光 空间碎片
    近地点高度/km 900 800
    远地点高度/km 900 810
    轨道倾角/(°) 30 30
    近地点辐角/(°) 0 0
    升交点赤经/(°) 80 80
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  3  基于CEA的脉冲激光能量分配

    Table  3.   Pulse laser energy assignment based on CEA

    CEA值 脉冲激光能量 lmax处速度增量/(m·s-1)
    0.9~1.0 2Esingle 0.4
    0.5~0.9 Esingle 0.2
    0~0.5 0.5Esingle 0.1
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2018-04-27
  • 录用日期:  2018-07-13
  • 网络出版日期:  2018-12-20

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