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锂离子电池容量衰退机理与影响因素

闫啸宇 周思达 卢宇 周新岸 陈飞 杨世春 华旸 徐凯

闫啸宇,周思达,卢宇,等. 锂离子电池容量衰退机理与影响因素[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2023,49(6):1402-1413 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0458
引用本文: 闫啸宇,周思达,卢宇,等. 锂离子电池容量衰退机理与影响因素[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2023,49(6):1402-1413 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0458
YAN X Y,ZHOU S D,LU Y,et al. Degradation mechanism and influencing factors on lithium-ion batteries[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2023,49(6):1402-1413 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0458
Citation: YAN X Y,ZHOU S D,LU Y,et al. Degradation mechanism and influencing factors on lithium-ion batteries[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2023,49(6):1402-1413 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0458

锂离子电池容量衰退机理与影响因素

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2021.0458
基金项目: 广东省重点领域研发计划(2020B0909030002)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:yangshichun@buaa.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: U469

Degradation mechanism and influencing factors on lithium-ion batteries

Funds: Key R&D Projects in Guangdong Province (2020B0909030002)
More Information
  • 摘要:

    发展电动汽车是中国迈向汽车强国的重要发展战略。锂离子电池是电动汽车的重要储能元件,然而其寿命异常衰退、健康状态表征难等问题严重制约了产业快速健康发展。锂离子电池性能微观模糊性、演化复杂性、实际多变性造成其状态和性能估计表征难,容量衰退估计偏差大。因此,亟需深入挖掘内部容量衰退机理、建立数学模型实现微观反应过程量化评价。从锂离子电池容量衰退机理研究出发,系统性分析正负极材料、电解液、集流体等电池基础材料在电池老化过程中的失效机理,结合实际锂离子电池运行工况阐明锂离子电池老化影响因素,分析充放电倍率、温度、循环区间3种因素对容量衰退影响;归纳总结了现有的3类锂离子电池容量衰退数学模型,为锂离子电池精细化建模、电池健康管理方法设计提供了参考。

     

  • 图 1  锂离子电池老化综合机理分析[3]

    Figure 1.  Comprehensive analysis of aging mechanism of lithium-ion batteries[3]

    图 2  负极析锂导致的活性锂离子损失

    Figure 2.  Loss of active lithium ions due to lithium precipitation in negative electrode

    图 3  锂枝晶生长导致活性锂离子损失

    Figure 3.  Lithium dendrite growth leads to loss of active lithium ions

    图 4  锂沉积导致活性锂离子损失

    Figure 4.  Loss of active lithium ions due to lithium deposition

    图 5  正极材料损失示意图

    Figure 5.  Diagram of positive material loss

    图 6  锂枝晶生长与电解液分解导致的容量衰退示意图

    Figure 6.  Schematic diagram of capacity loss due to lithium dendrite growth and electrolyte decomposition

    图 7  电解液分解导致容量衰退

    Figure 7.  Loss of capacity due to electrolyte decomposition

    图 8  部分因素对电池老化影响[46]

    Figure 8.  Effect of some factors on battery ageing[46]

    表  1  部分电池老化模型

    Table  1.   Partial battery ageing model

    发表年份作者研究内容
    2021Šeruga 等[59]构建电池损伤因子,实现基于特征与经验公式耦合电池容量预测
    2021Li等[60]构建电池老化衰退经验模型,结合粒子群优化算法完成模型辨识,并应用模型实现快充策略设计
    2020Pan等[61]构建基于IC曲线特征峰的容量衰退预测模型
    2020Lucu等[62]构建多倍率、宽温域下动力电老化数据库,为基于数据与经验模型的老化研究提供参考
    2019Lu等[63]通过分数阶模型描述锂离子电池动态特性,并实现不同老化深度条件下的分数阶辨识
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2021-08-11
  • 录用日期:  2021-09-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-03-03
  • 整期出版日期:  2023-06-30

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