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超声纵扭-低频扭转复合振动攻丝实验

韩凤起 张德远

韩凤起,张德远. 超声纵扭-低频扭转复合振动攻丝实验[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2024,50(4):1077-1084 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0453
引用本文: 韩凤起,张德远. 超声纵扭-低频扭转复合振动攻丝实验[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2024,50(4):1077-1084 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0453
HAN F Q,ZHANG D Y. Ultrasonic longitudinal torsional and low frequency torsional compound vibration tapping experiment[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2024,50(4):1077-1084 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0453
Citation: HAN F Q,ZHANG D Y. Ultrasonic longitudinal torsional and low frequency torsional compound vibration tapping experiment[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2024,50(4):1077-1084 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0453

超声纵扭-低频扭转复合振动攻丝实验

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0453
基金项目: 中央引导地方科技发展资金(216Z1004G);河北省教育厅科学技术研究项目(ZD2020331);河北工业职业技术大学博士基金(zk202101)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:zhangdy@ buaa.edu.cn

  • 中图分类号: TG62

Ultrasonic longitudinal torsional and low frequency torsional compound vibration tapping experiment

Funds: Central Funding Project for Local Science and Technology Development (216Z1004G); Funded by Science and Technology Project of Hebei Education Department (ZD2020331); Doctoral Fund of Hebei Vocational University of Industry and Technology (zk202101)
More Information
  • 摘要:

    针对钛合金低频扭转振动攻丝效率偏低的问题,提出了超声纵扭-低频扭转复合振动攻丝方法。进行了超声纵扭振动攻丝实验、不同切削液的复合振功攻丝实验和变参数复合振动攻丝实验,研究复合振动攻丝的工艺效果及参数变化的影响规律。实验结果表明:超声纵扭振动增强了切削液的润滑效果,降低了攻丝扭矩,与普通连续攻丝相比,M3螺纹孔的超声纵扭振动攻丝可降低攻丝扭矩约18%;在所选参数范围内,与低频扭转振动攻丝相比,复合振动攻丝最大可降低攻丝扭矩约30%;复合振动攻丝降低攻丝扭矩的效果,随净切削量、主轴转速的增大和回退量的减小而降低。

     

  • 图 1  实验系统

    Figure 1.  Experimental system

    图 2  超声纵扭振动换能器及工件的装夹方式

    Figure 2.  Ultrasonic longitudinal torsional vibration transducer and clamping method of workpiece

    图 3  超声纵扭振动攻丝和普通连续攻丝的扭矩对比

    Figure 3.  Torque comparison between ultrasonic longitudinal torsional vibration tapping and ordinary continuous tapping

    图 4  水溶性乳化液为切削液的攻丝扭矩波形对比

    Figure 4.  Comparison of tapping torque waveform with water-soluble emulsion as cutting fluid

    图 5  水溶性乳化液为切削液的局部攻丝扭矩波形

    Figure 5.  Local tapping torque waveform with water-soluble emulsion as cutting fluid

    图 6  低频扭转振动攻丝的重复切削模型

    Figure 6.  Repeated cutting model of low frequency torsional vibration tapping

    图 7  蓖麻油为切削液的攻丝扭矩波形对比

    Figure 7.  Comparison of tapping torque waveforms with castor oil as cutting fluid

    图 8  净切削量对攻丝扭矩的影响

    Figure 8.  Effect of net cutting amount on tapping torque

    图 9  净切削量对复合振动攻丝效果的影响

    Figure 9.  Effect of net cutting amount on compound vibration tapping

    图 10  回退量对攻丝扭矩的影响

    Figure 10.  Effect of backward amount on tapping torque

    图 11  回退量对复合振动攻丝效果的影响

    Figure 11.  Effect of backward amount on compound vibration tapping

    图 12  主轴转速对攻丝扭矩的影响

    Figure 12.  Effect of spindle speed on tapping torque

    图 13  主轴转速对复合振动攻丝效果的影响

    Figure 13.  Effect of spindle speed on compound vibration tapping

    图 14  螺纹照片

    Figure 14.  Photo of thread

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-02
  • 录用日期:  2022-07-09
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-08-11
  • 整期出版日期:  2024-04-29

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