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基于时频分析的机场跑道平整度评价方法

齐麟 杨帅 解镇州 金天昱 黄信

齐麟,杨帅,解镇州,等. 基于时频分析的机场跑道平整度评价方法[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2024,50(4):1110-1116 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0459
引用本文: 齐麟,杨帅,解镇州,等. 基于时频分析的机场跑道平整度评价方法[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2024,50(4):1110-1116 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0459
QI L,YANG S,XIE Z Z,et al. Evaluation method for roughness of airport runway based on joint time-frequency analysis[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2024,50(4):1110-1116 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0459
Citation: QI L,YANG S,XIE Z Z,et al. Evaluation method for roughness of airport runway based on joint time-frequency analysis[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2024,50(4):1110-1116 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0459

基于时频分析的机场跑道平整度评价方法

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0459
基金项目: 国家重点研发计划(2021YFB2600500);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金(3122019104)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail:qilin1208@vip.163.com

  • 中图分类号: V351.11

Evaluation method for roughness of airport runway based on joint time-frequency analysis

Funds: National Key R & D Program of China (2021YFB2600500);The Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (3122019104)
More Information
  • 摘要:

    机场跑道平整度是道面评价的重要内容,目前常用的平整度评价方法无法确定不平整在跑道上的分布情况,也无法针对不同机型飞机的滑跑安全性进行分类评价。基于此,提出了一种基于时频分析的跑道平整度评价方法。基于飞机三自由度动力模型,采用参数化分析方法对飞机以不同速度在具有不同振幅、不同波长的不平整跑道上滑跑时飞机重心处竖向加速度均方根分布特征进行统计分析;反算飞机重心处竖向加速度均方根为0.25g和0.4g时对应的跑道不平整信号的振幅、波长与滑跑速度,建立基于跑道不平整信号频域信息与飞机滑跑速度的飞机滑跑安全振动判断曲面;采用S变换方法对机场跑道高程进行时频分析,得到跑道不同位置处不平整信号的波长与振幅分布曲面;分析飞机在跑道上不同位置的滑跑速度,以坐标位置代替滑跑速度,形成基于跑道不平整信号频域信息与跑道位置的飞机滑跑安全振动判断曲面;与S变换获得的曲面叠加,得到基于时频分析的跑道平整度评价曲面。与现有评价方法相比,所提方法可以对跑道具体位置的平整度情况进行评价,并能够根据不同的机型对跑道平整度分级评价。

     

  • 图 1  飞机动力学模型[18]

    Figure 1.  Aircraft dynamics model[18]

    图 2  同一波长下飞机重心处竖向加速度均方根随振幅的变化曲线

    Figure 2.  Variation curves of root mean square of vertical acceleration at center of gravity of aircraft with amplitude at the same wavelength

    图 3  同一振幅下飞机重心处竖向加速度均方根随波长的变化曲线

    Figure 3.  Variation curves of root mean square of vertical acceleration at center of gravity of aircraft with wavelength at the same amplitude

    图 4  基于频域特征的飞机滑跑安全振动判断曲线

    Figure 4.  Aircraft taxiing safety vibration judgment curves based on frequency domain features

    图 5  飞机滑跑安全振动判断曲面

    Figure 5.  Judgment surface of aircraft taxiing safety vibration

    图 6  实测3000 m跑道高程曲线

    Figure 6.  Measured elevation curve of 3000 m runway

    图 7  不同跑道位置波长与振幅分布曲面

    Figure 7.  Wavelength and amplitude distribution surfaces at different plane positions

    图 8  基于时频分析的跑道平整度评价曲面

    Figure 8.  Evaluation surfaces of runway flatness based on time-frequency analysis

    图 9  FAA实测跑道平整度评价曲面

    Figure 9.  FAA measured runway flatness evaluation surfaces

    表  1  C类主流客机参数取值

    Table  1.   Parameter values of class C mainstream passenger aircraft

    参数 数值
    Mp/kg 59033
    mf/kg 390
    ml/kg 888
    mr/kg 888
    Kf/(kN·m−1) 110
    Kl/(kN·m−1) 614
    Kr/(kN·m−1) 614
    Cf/(kN·(m·s−1)−1) 143
    Cl/(kN·(m·s−1)−1) 625
    Cr/(kN·(m·s−1)−1) 625
    kf/(MN·m−1) 4
    kl/(MN·m−1) 4
    kr/(MN·m−1) 4
    cf/(kN·(m·s−1)−1) 4
    cl/(kN·(m·s−1)−1) 4
    cr/(kN·(m·s−1)−1) 4
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  飞行员评分[21]

    Table  2.   Pilot rating[21]

    飞行员编号 打分 飞行员编号 打分
    1 5.4 18 4.5
    2 3 19 2.2
    3 5.5 20 6.6
    4 6.5 21 4.5
    5 3 22 3.3
    6 2.5 23 3.3
    7 5 24 4.8
    8 5.3 25 5.6
    9 6.4 26 4.8
    10 2.6 27 6.3
    11 2.9 28 3
    12 1.2 29 2.6
    13 5.5 30 4.8
    14 4.4 31 2.7
    15 4.6 32 3.3
    16 6.3 33 2.9
    17 6.9
    下载: 导出CSV
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-06-08
  • 录用日期:  2022-08-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-09-14
  • 整期出版日期:  2024-04-29

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