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聚合物基复合材料凸头螺栓连接研究进展

董慧民 李小刚 马绪强 程丽君 李跃腾 钱黄海

董慧民,李小刚,马绪强,等. 聚合物基复合材料凸头螺栓连接研究进展[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2023,49(4):745-760 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0682
引用本文: 董慧民,李小刚,马绪强,等. 聚合物基复合材料凸头螺栓连接研究进展[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报,2023,49(4):745-760 doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0682
DONG H M,LI X G,MA X Q,et al. Research progress in mechanically fastened polymer-matrix composite joints with protruding-head bolts[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2023,49(4):745-760 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0682
Citation: DONG H M,LI X G,MA X Q,et al. Research progress in mechanically fastened polymer-matrix composite joints with protruding-head bolts[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2023,49(4):745-760 (in Chinese) doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0682

聚合物基复合材料凸头螺栓连接研究进展

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2022.0682
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    E-mail: huanghai.qian@biam.cn

  • 中图分类号: TB553

Research progress in mechanically fastened polymer-matrix composite joints with protruding-head bolts

More Information
  • 摘要:

    机械连接是聚合物基复合材料最典型的连接方式,因其在连接工艺性和可靠性方面的优势,使其在航空航天制造领域得到了广泛应用。对凸头螺栓连接聚合物基复合材料接头的研究进展进行综述。回顾了复合材料接头的机械连接形式,讨论了在拉伸加载下的失效过程,详细论述了复合材料接头的损伤模式;重点讨论了复合材料接头力学性能影响因素的研究进展,包括复合材料性能(纤维类型、增强体结构形式、纤维与金属混杂层板、铺层角度及比例、固化工艺、初始材料缺陷)、紧固件性能(紧固件刚度、钉头型式、螺栓直径、螺纹密封、间隙配合、干涉配合、紧固件缺失)、连接板性能、侧向约束(拧紧力矩、预紧面积、补偿垫片、接触面摩擦因素)、几何效应(复合材料板尺寸、板厚与孔直径比、层合板宽度与孔直径比、孔端距与孔直径比、螺孔形状、螺孔质量、螺孔位置误差)、载荷(静载荷、动态载荷、疲劳载荷、蠕变、松弛、温湿载荷)等;对聚合物基复合材料凸头螺栓连接的未来研究方向进行了展望。

     

  • 图 1  复合材料凸头螺栓接头几何参数

    Figure 1.  Geometry parameters of composite joints with protruding-head bolts

    图 2  复合材料接头的损伤扩展阶段[11]

    Figure 2.  Stages of failure progression in a composite joint[11]

    图 3  复合材料接头的典型失效模式[12]

    Figure 3.  Typical failure modes of composite bolted joints[12]

    图 4  复合材料接头的微观结构失效模式[15]

    Figure 4.  Microstructural progressive failure progress of composite bolted joints[15]

    图 5  有无螺纹密封复合材料接头的螺栓预紧力松弛[38]

    Figure 5.  Measured bolt load relaxation in composite joints with and without thread seal[38]

    图 6  摩擦系数对载荷-位移曲线的影响[45]

    Figure 6.  Influence of friction coefficient on load-displacement curves[45]

    图 7  复合材料、垫圈、螺栓杆的2种排列[50]

    Figure 7.  Two types of arrangements of composite laminate, washer and boltshank[50]

    图 8  不同连接板长度的复合材料接头的载荷-位移曲线[9]

    Figure 8.  Load-displacement curves of composite joints with different composite plate lengths[9]

    图 9  CM处理准各向同性试样在7000次循环下不同载荷加载时的热成像图片[60]

    Figure 9.  Temperature maps for CM quasi-isotropic assembly specimens at different loads at 7000 cycles[60]

    图 10  AWJM处理准各向同性试样在2000次循环下不同载荷加载时的热成像图片[60]

    Figure 10.  Temperature maps for AWJM quasi-isotropic assembly specimen at different loads at 2000 cycles[60]

    图 11  不同加载速率下的平均载荷-位移曲线[69]

    Figure 11.  Average load-displacement curves of specimens loaded at different speeds[69]

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-08-03
  • 录用日期:  2022-09-23
  • 网络出版日期:  2022-11-07
  • 刊出日期:  2022-11-07

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