北京航空航天大学学报 ›› 2017, Vol. 43 ›› Issue (2): 328-334.doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2016.0161

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

C/E复合材料螺旋铣孔切屑形状与切削温度研究

谢海龙, 董志刚, 康仁科, 杨国林, 许君, 郭东明   

  1. 大连理工大学 精密与特种加工教育部重点实验室, 大连 116024
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-04 出版日期:2017-02-20 发布日期:2016-05-23
  • 通讯作者: 康仁科,E-mail:kangrk@dlut.edu.cn E-mail:kangrk@dlut.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:谢海龙,男,硕士。主要研究方向:难加工材料高效加工技术;董志刚,男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师。主要研究方向:难加工材料高效加工技术、精密超精密加工技术;康仁科,男,博士,教授,博士生导师。主要研究方向:超精密与特种加工技术、难加工材料高效加工技术、计算机辅助设计与制造技术。
  • 基金资助:
    国家“863”计划(2013AA040104);国家“973”计划(2011CB013201);国家科技重大专项(2016ZX04002005)

Chip shape and cutting temperature of helical milling of C/E composites

XIE Hailong, DONG Zhigang, KANG Renke, YANG Guolin, XU Jun, GUO Dongming   

  1. Key Laboratory for Precision and Non-traditional Machining Technology of Ministry of Education, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024, China
  • Received:2016-03-04 Online:2017-02-20 Published:2016-05-23
  • Supported by:
    National High-tech Research and Development Program of China (2013AA040104); National Basic Research Program of China (2011CB013201); National Science and Technology Major Project (2016ZX04002005)

摘要: 碳纤维增强环氧树脂基体(C/E)复合材料具有优异的性能,广泛用于制造飞行器结构件。在加工C/E复合材料连接孔过程中容易出现分层、撕裂等加工缺陷,而切削温度过高是导致加工缺陷的主要原因之一。螺旋铣孔作为新的制孔技术,加工C/E复合材料时表现出许多优于传统钻孔的特点,受到广泛关注。本文采用专用加工装备开展了C/E复合材料制孔试验,利用红外热像仪实时监测切削温度,分析了螺旋铣孔加工参数对切削温度的影响规律。根据螺旋铣孔运动学规律和切削原理,从未变形切屑形状特点入手分析了螺旋铣孔切削温度的来源和影响因素。研究结果可对深入理解螺旋铣孔加工机理、制定合理的螺旋铣孔加工工艺提供依据。

关键词: 螺旋铣孔, C/E复合材料, 切削温度, 未变形切屑, 制孔

Abstract: Carbon/epoxy (C/E) composites are widely used in manufacture of aircraft structural components because of its excellent properties. It is easy to delaminate and tear when processing C/E composites, and the high cutting temperature is the main cause of defects. As a new hole-machining method, helical milling attracted plenty of attention owning to its advantages in processing C/E composites compared with traditional drilling. The helical milling experiments were performed with specially designed helical milling equipment on C/E composite. A thermal infrared imager is used to measure the cutting temperature after precision calibration using a thermocouple in a constant temperature oven. The effects of the processing parameters on the cutting temperature are analyzed. According to the kinematic principle of helical milling and the cutting principle, the origin and influence factor of temperature are analyzed based on the shape and size of the undeformed chip. The results are helpful in understanding the machining mechanism of helical milling, and determining the reasonable processing parameters of helical milling.

Key words: helical milling, C/E composites, cutting temperature, undeformed chip, hole-machining

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