留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

基于注意资源分配的情境意识模型

刘双 完颜笑如 庄达民 吕诗晨

刘双, 完颜笑如, 庄达民, 等 . 基于注意资源分配的情境意识模型[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2014, 40(8): 1066-1072. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0512
引用本文: 刘双, 完颜笑如, 庄达民, 等 . 基于注意资源分配的情境意识模型[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2014, 40(8): 1066-1072. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0512
Liu Shuang, Wanyan Xiaoru, Zhuang Damin, et al. Situational awareness model based on attention allocation[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2014, 40(8): 1066-1072. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0512(in Chinese)
Citation: Liu Shuang, Wanyan Xiaoru, Zhuang Damin, et al. Situational awareness model based on attention allocation[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2014, 40(8): 1066-1072. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0512(in Chinese)

基于注意资源分配的情境意识模型

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0512
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金资助项目(61179053);高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金资助项目(20121102120013)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    刘双(1986-),女,安徽宣城人,博士生,liushuangbh@163.com.

  • 中图分类号: R857.1

Situational awareness model based on attention allocation

  • 摘要: 为预测飞行员情境意识的变化情况,在前期建立的注意资源分配模型及情境意识模型基础上,考虑任务环境中信息成分重要度对情境意识水平的影响,并结合人的认知特性及贝叶斯条件概率理论,提出了一种新的情境意识量化模型和求解方法.为验证模型的效度,采用20名被试在不同任务条件下开展仪表监视实验,并采用情境意识全面测量技术(SAGAT,Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique)、三维度情境意识评定技术(3-D SART,3-Dimensional Situational Awareness Rating Technique)、操作绩效和眼动测量4种方法,对不同任务条件下的情境意识水平进行测评.综合测评结果表明,根据预测模型计算所得的情境意识水平变化趋势与被试实际操作所获得的实验结果高度相关.提出的情境意识量化模型对指导驾驶舱人机显示界面设计和减少人为失误有一定的参考价值.

     

  • [1] Wei H Y, Zhuang D M,Wanyan X R,et al.An experimental analysis of situation awareness for cockpit display interface evaluation based on flight simulation[J].Chinese Journal of Aeronautics,2013,26(4):884-889
    [2] 杨家忠,张侃. 情境意识的理论模型、测量及其应用[J].心理科学进展,2004,12(6):842-850 Yang Jiazhong,Zhang Kan.Situation awareness:approaches,measures and applications[J].Advances in Psychological Science,2004,12(6):842-850(in Chinese)
    [3] Endsley M R, Garland D J.Situation awareness analysis and measurement[M].Mahwah,NJ:Erlbaum,2000
    [4] Entin E B, Serfaty D,Entin E.Modeling and measuring situation awareness for target-identification performance[C]//Experimental Analysis and Measurement of Situation Awareness.Florida:Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University Press,1995:233-242
    [5] Hooey B L, Gore B F,Wickens C D.Modeling pilot situation awareness[C]//Human Modelling in Assisted Transportation.New York:Springer Milan,2011:207-213
    [6] Wickens C D, McCarley J,Thomas L.Attention-situation awareness (A-SA) model[R].NASA/CP—2003-212267,2003
    [7] 吴旭,完颜笑如, 庄达民.多因素条件下注意力分配建模[J].北京航空航天大学学报,2013,39(8):1086-1090 Wu Xu,Wanyan Xiaoru,Zhuang Damin.Attention allocation modeling under multi-factor condition[J].Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2013,39(8):1086-1090(in Chinese)
    [8] Wanyan X R, Zhuang D M,Wei H Y,et al.Pilot attention allocation model based on fuzzy theory[J].Computers and Mathematics with Applications,2011,62(7):2727-2735
    [9] Endsley M R. Toward a theory of situation awareness in dynamic systems[J].Human Factors,1995,37(1):32-64
    [10] 毕红哲,庄达民. 航空人机工程计算机仿真[M].北京:电子工业出版社,2010 Bi Hongzhe,Zhuang Damin.Computer simulation for aviation man-machine engineering[M].Beijing:Electronic Industry Press of China,2010(in Chinese)
    [11] 孙远波. 人因工程基础与设计[M].北京:北京理工大学出版社,2010 Sun Yuanbo.Human factors engineering fundamentals and design[M].Beijing:Beijing Institute of Technology Press,2010(in Chinese)
    [12] Wickens C D. Display formatting and situation awareness model (DFSAM):an approach to aviation display design[R].AHFD-05-14/NASA-05-5,2005
    [13] 柳忠起,袁修干,刘伟,等. 基于模拟飞行任务下的眼动指标分析[J].中国安全科学学报,2006,16(2):47-51 Liu Zhongqi,Yuan Xiugan,Liu Wei,et al.Analysis on movement indices based on simulated flight task[J].China Safety Science Journal,2006,16(2):47-51(in Chinese)
    [14] 杨家忠, Rantanen E M,张侃.交通复杂度对空中交通管制员脑力负荷与情境意识的影响[J].心理科学,2010, 33(2): 368-371 Yang Jiazhong,Rantanen E M,Zhang Kan.The influence between air traffic complexity and the mental workload and situation awareness of air traffic controller[J].Psychological Science,2010,33(2):368-371(in Chinese)
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1264
  • HTML全文浏览量:  21
  • PDF下载量:  679
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-09-22
  • 刊出日期:  2014-08-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回
    常见问答