留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

尾流飞行风险概率拓扑图的构建方法

薛源 徐浩军 李强 侯世芳 刘仕杰

薛源, 徐浩军, 李强, 等 . 尾流飞行风险概率拓扑图的构建方法[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2014, 40(8): 1044-1054. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0533
引用本文: 薛源, 徐浩军, 李强, 等 . 尾流飞行风险概率拓扑图的构建方法[J]. 北京航空航天大学学报, 2014, 40(8): 1044-1054. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0533
Xue Yuan, Xu Haojun, Li Qiang, et al. Topological space construction of flight risk probabilities during wake encountering[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2014, 40(8): 1044-1054. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0533(in Chinese)
Citation: Xue Yuan, Xu Haojun, Li Qiang, et al. Topological space construction of flight risk probabilities during wake encountering[J]. Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2014, 40(8): 1044-1054. doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0533(in Chinese)

尾流飞行风险概率拓扑图的构建方法

doi: 10.13700/j.bh.1001-5965.2013.0533
基金项目: 

国家自然科学基金与民航联合基金资助项目(U1333131);国家自然科学基金资助项目(61374145)

详细信息
    作者简介:

    薛源(1986-),男,山东菏泽人,博士生,szxy1986@163.com.

  • 中图分类号: V328.5;TP391.9

Topological space construction of flight risk probabilities during wake encountering

  • 摘要: 考虑尾流遭遇情形下的不确定性与随机性因素,利用蒙特卡洛法对三维空间内的每个尾流遭遇点进行大数据量的仿真实验,提取了尾流遭遇情形下的三维极值参数,验证了一维的极值参数符合广义极值(GEV)分布;提出了三维极值参数的四参数变权重Copula(FPAVW Copula)模型,拟合优度检验的结果表明FPAVW Copula具有比其他Copula更高的精度;利用FPAVW Copula对尾流场内每个网格采样点上的三维极值参数进行了辨识,计算出了尾流空间的风险概率指标分布情况;在此基础上对尾流风险概率拓扑在不同发展阶段的结构特征进行了分析,构建了可视化的二维及三维风险概率结构图,可用来研究尾流场内的风险规避策略及算法.所提方法及思路亦可对其他内外部环境因素影响下的飞行风险概率评估及拓扑结构可视化等热点研究方向提供参考.

     

  • [1] Holzäpfel F. Probabilistic two-phase aircraft wake-vortex model:further development and assessment[J].Journal of Aircraft,2006,43(3):700-708
    [2] Holzäpfel F, Kladetzke J.Assessment of wake-vortex encounter probabilities for crosswind departure scenarios[J].Journal of Aircraft,2011,48(3):812-822
    [3] Sarpkaya T, Robins R E,Delisi D P.Wake-vortex eddy-dissipation model predictions compared with observations[J].Journal of Aircraft,2001,38(4):687- 692
    [4] Jurkovich M S. CFD prediction of the flow field behind the KC-135R tanker[R].AIAA 2011-3510,2011
    [5] Harris M, Vaughan J M,Huenecke K E A.Aircraft wake vortices:a comparison of wind-tunnel data with field trial measurements by laser radar[J].Aerospace Science and Technology,2000,4(5):363-370
    [6] Gerz T, Holzäpfel F,Darracq D.Commercial aircraft wake vortices[J].Progress in Aerospace Sciences,2002,38(3):181-208
    [7] Rossow V J. Lift-generated vortex wakes of subsonic transport aicraft[J].Progress in Aerospace Sciences,1999,35(6):507-660
    [8] Dogan A, Kim E,Blake W.Control and simulation of relative motion for aerial refueling in racetrack maneuvers[J].Journal of Guidance,Control and Dynamics,2007,30(5):1551-1557
    [9] Hahn K U, Fischenberg D,Niedermeier D,et al.Wake encounter flight control assistance based on forward-looking measurement processing[R].AIAA-2010-7680,2010
    [10] Rossow V J, James K D.Overview of wake-vortex hazards during cruise[J].Journal of Aircraft,2000,37(6):960-975
    [11] Sharon M J, Reveley M.An overview of the NASA aviation safety program assessment progress[R].AIAA-2003-6706,2003
    [12] Luckner R, Höhne G,Fuhrmann M.Hazard criteria for wake vortex encounters during approach[J].Aerospace Science and Technology,2004,8(8):673-687
    [13] De Bruin A.Wake vortex evolution and ENCounter (WAVENC)[J].Air & Space Europe,2000,2(5):84-87
    [14] Visscher D, Winckelmansy G,Lonfils T,et al.The WAKE4D simulation platform for predicting aircraft wake vortex transport and decay:description and examples of application[R].AIAA-2010-7994,2010
    [15] 周彬. 飞机尾流的微结构特征及散射特性研究[D].长沙:国防科学技术大学,2009 Zhou Bin.Study on the microstructure and scattering characteristics of aircraft wake vortices[D].Changsha:National University of Defense Technology,2009(in Chinese)
    [16] 李健兵,王雪松, 王涛.基于马蹄涡模型的飞机尾流介电常数分布的快速建模方法[J].航空学报,2009,30(7): 1214- 1218 Li Jianbing,Wang Xuesong,Wang Tao.Rapid modeling of distribution of aircraft wake dielectric constant based on horse-shoe Vortex model[J].Acta Aeronoutica et Astronautica Sinica,2009,30(7):1214-1218(in Chinese)
    [17] 魏志强. 尾涡流场及安全间隔的建模与仿真计算研究[D].天津:中国民航大学,2008 Wei Zhiqiang.The research on modeling and simulation of flow field and safety spacing for wake vor-tex[D].Tianjin:Civil Aviation University of China,2008(in Chinese)
    [18] 李大伟,王宏伦. 自动空中加油阶段加油机尾涡流场建模与仿真[J].北京航空航天大学学报,2010,36(7):776-780 Li Dawei,Wang Honglun.Wake vortex effect modeling and simulation in automated aerial refueling[J].Journal of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics,2010,36(7):776-780(in Chinese)
    [19] SAE ARP 4761—1996 Guidelines and methods for conducting the safety assessment process on civil airborne systems and equipment[S]
    [20] SAE ARP 4754—1996 Certification considerations for high-integrated or complex aircraft systems[S]
    [21] DOD. MIL-HDBK-516B—2005 Airworthiness certification criteria[S]
    [22] DOD. MIL-STD-882D—2000 Standard practice for system safety[S]
    [23] 石先武, 方伟华,林伟,等.基于极值理论的中国台风降水分布不确定性分析[J].北京师范大学学报,2011,47(5): 493- 501 Shi Xianwu,Fang Weihua,Lin Wei,et al.Uncertainty of China typhoon rainfall probability estimation with different extreme value models[J].Journal of Beijing Normal University,2011,47(5):493-501(in Chinese)
    [24] Liu D F, Wen S Q,Wang L P.Poison-gumble mixed compound distribution and its application[J].Chinese Science Bulletin,2002,47(22):1901-1906
    [25] Ho L C, Burridge P,Caddle J,et al.Value-at-risk:applying the extreme value approach to Asian markets in the recent financial turmoil[J].Pacific-Basin Finance Journal,2000(8):249-275
    [26] 武占科, 赵林,葛耀君.上海地区台风条件风速和雨强联合概率分布统计[J].空气动力学学报,2010,28(4):393-399 Wu Zhanke,Zhao Lin,Ge Yaojun.Statistical analysis of wind velocity and rainfall intensity joint probability distribution of Shanghai area in typhoon condition[J].Acta Aerodynamica Sinica,2010,28(4):393-399(in Chinese)
    [27] Stuart C. An introduction to statistical modeling of extreme value[M].London:Springer,2007
    [28] Nelsen R B. An introduction to copulas[M].2nd ed.New York:Springer,2006
    [29] Joe H. Asymptotic efficiency of the two-stage estimation method for Copula-based models[J].Journal of Multivariate Analysis,2005,94(2):401-419
    [30] 王丽芳. 基于Copula理论的分布估计算法研究[D].兰州:兰州理工大学,2011 Wang Lifang.The research on estimation of distribution algorithm based on Copula theory[D].Lanzhou:Lanzhou University of Technology,2011(in Chinese)
    [31] 赵丽琴. 基于Copula函数的金融风险度量研究[D].厦门:厦门大学,2009 Zhao Liqin.The study of financial risk measurement based on copula function[D].Xiamen:Xiamen University,2009(in Chinese)
    [32] 张英芝,郑锐, 申桂香,等.基于Copula理论的数控装备故障相关性[J].吉林大学学报:工学版,2011,41(6):1636-1640 Zhang Yingzhi,Zheng Rui,Shen Guixiang,et al.Failure dependency of CNC equipment based on copula theory[J].Journal of Jilin University:Engineering and Technology Edition,2011,41(6):1636-1640(in Chinese)
    [33] Parsopoulos K E, Vrahatis M N.Recent approaches to global optimization problems through particle swarm optimization[J].Natural Computing,2002,1(1):235-306
    [34] Schwarz C W, Hahn K U.Full-flight simulator study for wake vortex hazard area investigation[J].Aerospace Science and Technology,2006,10(2):136-143
    [35] Hahn K U, Schwarz C,Friehmelt H.A simplified hazard area prediction (SHAPe) model for wake vortex encounter avoidance[C]//24th International Congress of Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS),2004
    [36] Holzäpfel F, Gerz T,Frech M,et al.The wake vortex prediction and monitoring system WSVBS part I:design[J].Air Traffic Control Quarterly,2009,17(4):301-322
    [37] Gerz T,Holzäpfel F, Gerling W,et al.The wake vortex prediction and monitoring system WSVBS part Ⅱ:performance and ATC integration at frankfurt airport[J].Air Traffic Control Quarterly,2009,17(4):323-346
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1047
  • HTML全文浏览量:  15
  • PDF下载量:  499
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2013-09-23
  • 刊出日期:  2014-08-20

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回
    常见问答